Adaptation Options in the Agriculture Sector
Vulnerability to climate risks and overall economic development are intricately linked, as is shown in the preceding sections. Therefore, adaptation in the agriculture sector must be well integrated with both the broad national development goals and livelihood priorities at the local level. Not surprisingly, though, farmers and rural households have long adapted to a variety of climate risks. These coping strategies vary by geographic region and depend on the range of prevailing socio-economic conditions. As the climate changes, more and different adaptations will be required. An approach to studying cropping adaptations through the crop simulation approach of Chapter 5 is given in detail in Annex 1. In this chapter, a series of adaptations for which ﬁeld trials exist and farmer feedback is reported are described. These descriptions provide templates for the development of other adaptations for farm-level implementation.