ABSTRACT

The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering provided a valuable reference concerning devices or systems that generate, transmit, measure, or detect light, and to a lesser degree, the basic interaction of light and matter. This Second Edition not only reflects the changes in optical and photonic engineering that have occurred since the first edition was published, but also:

Boasts a wealth of new material, expanding the encyclopedia’s length by 25 percent
Contains extensive updates, with significant revisions made throughout the text
Features contributions from engineers and scientists leading the fields of optics and photonics today
With the addition of a second editor, the Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering, Second Edition offers a balanced and up-to-date look at the fundamentals of a diverse portfolio of technologies and discoveries in areas ranging from x-ray optics to photon entanglement and beyond. This edition’s release corresponds nicely with the United Nations General Assembly’s declaration of 2015 as the International Year of Light, working in tandem to raise awareness about light’s important role in the modern world.

Also Available Online
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chapter |23 pages

Aberrations

ByVirendra N. Mahajan, Pantazis Z. Mouroulis

chapter |9 pages

Adjacency Effect

ByEric F. Vermote

chapter |12 pages

Aerosols

ByArkadi Zilberman

chapter |9 pages

Anomalous Skin Effect: Reflectance and Scattering

ByHarold E. Bennett

chapter |10 pages

Antireflection Coatings

ByPeter Martin, Wendy Bennett

chapter |9 pages

Artificial Media: Subwavelength Scale Optical Properties

ByPhilippe LaLanne, Mike Hutley

chapter |12 pages

Astronomy

ByJames R. Sowell, Donald Bord

chapter |15 pages

Astronomy: X-Ray

ByLeon Golub, Martin Elvis

chapter |12 pages

Atmospheric Blur and Image Restoration

ByNorman S. Kopeika, Arkadi Zilberman, Yitzhak Yitzhaky

chapter |3 pages

Atmospheric Optics

ByNorman S. Kopeika

chapter |12 pages

Automatic Target Detection

ByAlex Lipchen Chan, Nasser M. Nasrabadi, Sandor Z. Der

chapter |7 pages

Automatic Target Recognition

ByGary O'Brien

chapter |9 pages

Backscatter

ByFernando Moreno, Jose M. Saiz, Francisco González

chapter |13 pages

Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF)

ByHendrik Rothe

chapter |16 pages

Biomedical Spectroscopy

ByValery V. Tuchin

chapter |12 pages

Biometrics

ByYingzi Du

chapter |16 pages

Biopsy: Optical

ByIrving J. Bigio, Judith R. Mourant

chapter |13 pages

Birefringence

ByMyrian Tebaldi

chapter |18 pages

Bonded Optics: Performance Optimization

ByAndrew G. Bachmann, Nicole Langer, John R. Arnold, John G. Daly

chapter |9 pages

Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics

ByH. Walther

chapter |9 pages

Coherence

ByIchirou Yamaguchi

chapter |16 pages

Coherence Theory

ByWilliam H. Carter

chapter |10 pages

Collimation Testing Techniques

ByRajpal S. Sirohi, Shyam Singh, A.R. Ganesan

chapter |19 pages

Communication Networks: Performance Monitoring

ByZeev Zalevsky

chapter |6 pages

Complex Variables

ByThomas L. Clarke

chapter |17 pages

Compression Transforms: Hierarchical, Including Wavelets

ByFrançois Meyer

chapter |13 pages

Compression Transforms: Image Quality Measures

ByFrank M. Caimi, Mark S. Schmalz

chapter |12 pages

Compressive Sampling for Optical Systems

ByJ.M. Nichols, C. McLaughlin, J. Michalowicz, F. Bucholtz

chapter |9 pages

Computer-Generated Holograms (CGH)

ByMikhail Mozerov

chapter |7 pages

Crystallography: X-Ray

ByRobert M. Sweet

chapter |13 pages

Data Storage: High Density

ByClaire Gu, Guofan Jin, Liangcai Cao

chapter |23 pages

Data Storage: Holographic

ByGeoffrey W. Burr

chapter |28 pages

Data Storage: Phase-Change Media

ByTakeo Ohta, Stanford R. Ovshinsky

chapter |22 pages

Data Storage: Volumetric, Ultra-High Density

ByXiangping Li, Geoffrey W. Burr, Min Gu

chapter |7 pages

Delta T (Differential Blackbody Temperature)

ByJ. Glen Vinson

chapter |9 pages

Detectors: Figures of Merit

ByPanos G. Datskos, Nickolay V. Lavrik

chapter |28 pages

Detectors: Focal Plane Array Technology

ByPaul Norton

chapter |11 pages

Detectors: Infrared and Focal Plane Arrays

ByMasafumi Kimata

chapter |8 pages

Diffractive Optics

ByJoseph N. Mait

chapter |13 pages

Diffractive Optics: Fabrication

ByThomas J. Suleski

chapter |7 pages

Diffractive Optics: Methods

ByDennis W. Prather

chapter |16 pages

Digital Image Restoration: Classical

ByC. Andrew Segall, Aggelos K. Katsaggelos

chapter |9 pages

Digital Images: Compression

ByMark S. Schmalz

chapter |15 pages

Digital Images: Enhancement

ByNikolas P. Galatsanos, C. Andrew Segall, Aggelos K. Katsaggelos

chapter |7 pages

Digital Images: Processing

ByRussell C. Hardie, Majeed M. Hayat

chapter |9 pages

Digital Images: Redundancy

ByMark S. Schmalz

chapter |13 pages

Disk Drives, Optical: Mechanical Design and Servo Systems

ByKurt W. Getreuer

chapter |13 pages

Display Systems: Binocular and 3-D, Visual Comfort

ByFrank L. Kooi, Alexander Toet

chapter |13 pages

Display Systems: Head-Mounted

ByJannick P. Rolland, Hong Hua

chapter |7 pages

Display Systems: Stereoscopic

ByJean-Claude Kastelik, Marc Gazalet

chapter |12 pages

Displays: Retinal Scanning

ByHakan Urey

chapter |6 pages

Distortion

ByLaurence G. Hassebrook, Chun Guan

chapter |8 pages

Electro-Optical Imaging Systems: Performance Measurement

ByPiet Bijl, Alexander Toet, J. Mathieu Valeton

chapter |5 pages

Electro-Optical Materials

ByJean-Pierre Huignard, Jean-Paul Pocholle

chapter |13 pages

Electro-Optical Materials: Inorganic

ByFernando Agulló López, Angel García Cabañes, José Manuel Cabrera Castillo

chapter |18 pages

Electro-Optical Scanners

ByDaniel D. Stancil

chapter |9 pages

Emissivity Measurements: Infrared Imaging Radiometric Cameras

ByRobert P. Madding

chapter |9 pages

Etching

ByStephen J. Pearton

chapter |18 pages

Eye Movements and Accommodation

ByNicklaus F. Fogt

chapter |4 pages

F-Number, Numerical Aperture, and Depth of Focus

ByJohn Hall

chapter |11 pages

Femtosecond Pulses: High Power

ByVictor Yanovsky

chapter |10 pages

Film Thickness Measurement

ByFrançois Flory, Ludovic Escoubas

chapter |7 pages

Filters: Circular Polarization

ByAkhlesh Lakhtakia, Martin W. McCall

chapter |8 pages

Fluorescence Microscopy

ByKenneth R. Spring

chapter |9 pages

Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR)

ByBill Blecha

chapter |15 pages

Fourier Data Processing in Optics

ByZeev Zalevsky, David Mendlovic, Gal Shabtay, Uriel Levy

chapter |12 pages

Fourier Optics and Optical Signal Processing

ByJoseph Shamir

chapter |8 pages

Fourier Spectrometer

ByRomuald Jozwicki

chapter |8 pages

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

ByXudong Xiao, Bing Wang

chapter |11 pages

Frequency Doubling and Mixing

ByRichard L. Sutherland

chapter |6 pages

Fresnel Equations

ByAlexander I. Lvovsky

chapter |10 pages

Galaxies

ByWilliam Keel

chapter |11 pages

Gas Lasers

ByRobert C. Sze

chapter |17 pages

Glass Waveguide Fabrication

ByGiancarlo C. Righini, Andrea Chiappini

chapter |7 pages

Glassworking: Optical Applications

ByHedser van Brug

chapter |11 pages

Gyroscopes: Ring Laser

BySylvain Schwartz

chapter |12 pages

Holography

ByH. John Caulfield

chapter |13 pages

Honeybee: Visual System Design

ByAdrian Horridge

chapter |11 pages

Human Vision and Color

ByBrian H. Tsou, Vincent A. Billock

chapter |12 pages

Illumination Optics

ByRichard Heinisch

chapter |7 pages

Image Compression: Applications

ByLiviu I. Voicu

chapter |6 pages

Image Compression: JPEG-2000 Standard

ByChristopher M. Brislawn, Mihaela D. Quirk

chapter |16 pages

Image Compression: Lossless

ByS. Sahni, C. Leonard, C. Kapoor, F. Chen, J. Fitzsimmons, B.C. Vemuri

chapter |7 pages

Image Compression: Lossy Blockwise

ByThomas H. Drayer

chapter |8 pages

Image Intensifiers

ByC. Bruce Johnson

chapter |16 pages

Image Processing: Multispectral and Hyperspectral, Initial Processing

ByWilliam B. Clodius

chapter |14 pages

Image Processing: Multispectral and Hyperspectral, Spectral Analysis

ByWilliam B. Clodius, James Theiler, Christopher M. Brislawn

chapter |20 pages

Image Processing: Multispectral and Hyperspectral, Transforms, Classification, and Coding

ByChristopher M. Brislawn, William B. Clodius, Neal R. Harvey, Mihaela D. Quirk, James Theiler

chapter |9 pages

Image Restoration

ByCarsten Denker, Alexandra Tritschler, Mats Löfdahl

chapter |14 pages

Image Segmentation

ByMauro Barni, Franco Bartolini

chapter |15 pages

Image Sequence Processing

ByJonathan Simpkins, Robert L. Stevenson, Sean Borman

chapter |12 pages

Infrared Imaging Systems

ByKeith Krapels

chapter |12 pages

Integral Transforms

ByMikhail S. Belen'kii

chapter |11 pages

Integrated Optical Circuits

ByAri Tervonen

chapter |8 pages

Integrated Optical Waveguides

ByCheng-Chung Li

chapter |12 pages

Interband Cascade Lasers

ByIgor Vurgaftman, William W. Bewley, Chadwick L. Canedy, Chul-Soo Kim, Mijin Kim, J. Ryan Lindle, Joshua Abell, Jerry R. Meyer

chapter |20 pages

Interference

ByJohn Hayes

chapter |13 pages

Interferometers

ByRajpal S. Sirohi

chapter |8 pages

Iterated Function Systems

ByMichael F. Barnsley

chapter |15 pages

Laser and Gaussian Beam Propagation and Transformation

ByJavier Alda

chapter |21 pages

Laser Beam Shaping: Aspheric Optics

ByDavid L. Shealy, John A. Hoffnagle

chapter |12 pages

Laser Range-Gated Imagers

ByRichard L. Espinola, Eddie Jacobs

chapter |10 pages

Laser Transmitters

ByOsamu Wada

chapter |9 pages

Laser-Cooled Atoms and Optical Lattices

ByGilbert Grynberg

chapter |9 pages

Lasers

ByBradley W. Schilling

chapter |17 pages

Lasers: Ceramic Materials

ByJasbinder S. Sanghera, Thomas F. Soules

chapter |9 pages

Lasers: Industrial

ByLeonard Miglore

chapter |11 pages

Lasers: Medical Applications

ByStephen N. Joffe

chapter |10 pages

Lasers: Surgical Applications

ByLars O. Svaasand

chapter |9 pages

Lasers: Tunable

ByHongxiang Meng, Minzhi Gu

chapter |20 pages

Lenses, Mirrors and Prisms

ByR. Hradaynath, Ikbal Singh

chapter |10 pages

Lenses: Design

ByDeqing Ren

chapter |12 pages

Lenses: Fresnel

ByMichael D. Watson, Steven M. Scott

chapter |10 pages

Lenses: Gradient Index (GRIN)

ByAndrew Tsiboulia

chapter |8 pages

Lenses: Spherical and Cylindrical

ByJosé M. Sasián

chapter |12 pages

Lidar: Aerosol Sensing

ByFrancesc Rocadenbosch

chapter |11 pages

Lidar: Remote Sensing

ByMatthew J. McGill

chapter |13 pages

Lidar: Wind, Raman, and Other Sensing

ByFrancesc Rocadenbosch

chapter |10 pages

Light Emitting Diodes

ByJaehee Cho, E. Fred Schubert

chapter |12 pages

Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs): Active Matrix

ByKevin L. Walsh

chapter |8 pages

Liquid Crystals: Cholesteric, Guest-Host, and Polymer-Dispersed

BySven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, David S. Hermann

chapter |14 pages

Liquid Crystals: Electro-Optical Modes and Applications

BySven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, David S. Hermann

chapter |8 pages

Liquid Crystals: Non-Linear Optical Effects

BySven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, David S. Hermann

chapter |17 pages

Liquid Crystals: Optical Properties and Basic Devices

BySven T. Lagerwall, Per G. Rudquist, David S. Hermann

chapter |7 pages

Lithography: Extreme Ultraviolet

ByDonald W. Sweeney

chapter |10 pages

Living Cells: Optical Manipulation

ByAlois K. Popp, Verena Horneffer

chapter |13 pages

Machine Vision

ByBruce Batchelor

chapter |13 pages

Machine Vision: Image Processing

ByE.R. Davies

chapter |10 pages

Machine Vision: Lighting

ByKevin G. Harding

chapter |16 pages

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

ByAnnemie Van der Linden, Jan Sijbers

chapter |13 pages

Metrology

ByMichael Friedmann

chapter |15 pages

Metrology: Optical Shop

ByDaniel Malacara-Hernández

chapter |14 pages

Micro-Optics: Optical System Design

ByEric Logean, Toralf Scharf, Hans Peter Herzig, Andreas Schilling

chapter |20 pages

Microscopes

ByLaimonas Kelbauskas, Honor Glenn

chapter |13 pages

Microscopy

ByDavid Dickensheets

chapter |10 pages

Microscopy: Living Cells, Tissues, and Organs

ByRobert S. McCuskey

chapter |21 pages

Microscopy: X-Ray

ByMichael Feser

chapter |11 pages

Military Imaging Experiments

ByDawne M. Deaver, Barbara L. O'Kane

chapter |8 pages

Milky Way

ByRichard Sears

chapter |8 pages

Mirrors: Microroughness and Light Scattering

ByHarold E. Bennett

chapter |8 pages

Modulation and Coding

ByB.V.K. Vijaya Kumar, Jingfeng Liu

chapter |10 pages

Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)

ByArnold Daniels

chapter |11 pages

Molding Optical Components

ByR. Wimberger-Friedl

chapter |9 pages

Motion Perception

ByScott N.J. Watamaniuk

chapter |12 pages

Nanophotonics for Photovoltaics

ByFrancois Flory, Ludovic Escoubas, J.J. Simon, P. Torchio, J. Le Rouzo, W. Vervisch

chapter |15 pages

National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale (NIIRS)

ByJohn M. Irvine

chapter |9 pages

Night Vision Modeling: Historical Perspectives

ByJohn D. O'Connor, James A. Ratches

chapter |8 pages

Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference (NETD)

ByJosé Manuel López-Alonso

chapter |10 pages

Noise: Fixed Pattern

ByBhaskar Choubey

chapter |6 pages

Noise: Three-Dimensional

ByCurtis M. Webb

chapter |7 pages

Nonlinear Absorption

ByEric W. Van Stryland, David J. Hagan

chapter |17 pages

Nonlinear Crystals: Quasi-Phase Matched

ByEric Lallier, Arnaud Grisard

chapter |18 pages

Nonlinear Molecular Photonics

ByJoseph Zyss, Isabelle Ledoux-Rak, Eric Toussaere, Sophie Brasselet, Ariela Donval, Guillermo Martin-Fuchs

chapter |9 pages

Nonlinear Refraction

ByMansoor Sheik-Bahae, Michael P. Hasselbeck

chapter |8 pages

Ocean Optics: Air and Sea Interface

ByA.G. Luchinin

chapter |18 pages

Ocean Optics: Airborne Systems for Seeing Into Water

ByR. Norris Keeler

chapter |26 pages

Ocean Optics: Properties and Effects

ByLarry B. Stotts

chapter |14 pages

Ophthalmic Optics

ByJavier Alda, José Manuel López-Alonso

chapter |7 pages

Optical Amplifiers

ByMário F.S. Ferreira

chapter |18 pages

Optical Coherence Tomography

ByJames G. Fujimoto

chapter |8 pages

Optical Computing

ByH. John Caulfield

chapter |8 pages

Optical Correlators

BySuganda Jutamulia

chapter |16 pages

Optical Correlators: Applications

ByNazif Demoli

chapter |15 pages

Optical Correlators: Compact Real-Time

ByAris Tanone

chapter |6 pages

Optical Correlators: Joint Transform

BySuganda Jutamulia

chapter |16 pages

Optical Correlators: Spatial Light Modulators

ByFeijun Song

chapter |6 pages

Optical Correlators: Vander Lugt

BySuganda Jutamulia

chapter |6 pages

Optical Correlators: Wavelet Transform

ByJoewono Widjaja

chapter |10 pages

Optical Design and Fabrication

ByJoseph Braat

chapter |11 pages

Optical Fiber: Structured

ByJohn Canning

chapter |19 pages

Optical Fibers: Biosensors

ByCarlos R. Zamarreño, Abian B. Socorro, Pedro Sanchez, Ignacio R. Matias, Francisco J. Arregui

chapter |14 pages

Optical Fibers: Characteristics

ByJohn Gowar

chapter |14 pages

Optical Fibers: Highly Nonlinear

ByMário F.S. Ferreira

chapter |8 pages

Optical Fibers: Networks

ByPascal Lorenz, Mário Marques Freire, Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues

chapter |13 pages

Optical Fibers: Optical Communications

ByJohn Gowar

chapter |7 pages

Optical Fibers: Sources

ByGeert Morthier

chapter |25 pages

Optical Heads

ByJean Schleipen, Benno Hendriks, Sjoerd S. Stallinga

chapter |25 pages

Optical Logic Gates and Algebra

ByFrancis T.S. Yu, Chii Maw Uang

chapter |11 pages

Optical Modulators

ByN.K. Dutta, K. Lu

chapter |14 pages

Optical Neural Networks

ByFrancis T.S. Yu, Chii Maw Uang

chapter |13 pages

Optical Parametric Oscillators and Amplifiers

ByRazvan Dabu

chapter |9 pages

Optical Pulse Generation: Ultrafast

ByFrank Wise

chapter |7 pages

Optical System Optimization

ByFlorian Bociort

chapter |14 pages

Optical Transfer Functions

ByVirendra N. Mahajan

chapter |15 pages

Optical Tweezers

ByPhil Jones

chapter |5 pages

Opto-Electronics

ByJ.J. Coleman

chapter |15 pages

Opto-Electronics: Neural Networks

ByPaulo E.X. Silveira

chapter |11 pages

Opto-Electronics: Receivers

ByIlesanmi Adesida, Jae-Hyung Jang, Patrick Fay

chapter |12 pages

Paraxial Optics

ByJavier Alda

chapter |6 pages

Partial Differential Equations

ByBhimsen K. Shivamoggi

chapter |19 pages

Pattern Recognition

ByMohammad S. Alam

chapter |22 pages

Photodetectors: Avalanche

ByVitaly E. Shubin, Dmitry A. Shushakov

chapter |16 pages

Photometry

ByWilliam Ross McCluney

chapter |64 pages

Photon Detectors

ByAntoni Rogalski

chapter |11 pages

Photonic Crystals

ByClaude Weisbuch, Henri Benisty

chapter |17 pages

Photonic Integrated Circuits

ByLouay Eldada

chapter |10 pages

Photonic Switches

ByCaterina Ciminelli, Mario N. Armenise

chapter |16 pages

Photorefractive Materials and Applications

ByCornelia Denz, Vishnu Vardhan Krishnamachari

chapter |18 pages

Piezoelectric Effect

BySaravanan M. Peelamedu

chapter |13 pages

Plasmonics

ByVladimir Bordo

chapter |28 pages

Point-Spread Functions

ByVirendra N. Mahajan

chapter |9 pages

Polarization Measurements

ByDennis H. Goldstein

chapter |24 pages

Polarization Phenomena in Optical Systems

ByTomasz R. Woliński

chapter |11 pages

Psychophysics and Psychophysical Measurement

ByPiet Bijl, Alexander Toet, J. Mathieu Valeton

chapter |12 pages

Pulse Image Processing

ByJason M. Kinser

chapter |9 pages

Pupils and Stops

ByG. Smith

chapter |9 pages

Quantum Dot Devices

ByMadalina Furis, Alexander N. Cartwright

chapter |20 pages

Quantum Efficiency

ByVikram Dhar

chapter |10 pages

Quantum Information Processing and Cryptography

ByP.L. Knight, W.J. Munro

chapter |9 pages

Quantum Optics

ByG.S. Agarwal

chapter |13 pages

Quantum Optics: Photonic Band Gap Materials

ByGershon Kurizki, Abraham G. Kofman

chapter |17 pages

Quantum State Engineering and Stabilization

ByPaolo Tombesi, David Vitali

chapter |13 pages

Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector (QWIP)

ByK.K. Choi

chapter |20 pages

Radiometry

ByVan A. Hodgkin

chapter |9 pages

Radiometry: Remote Sensing

ByJohn R. Schott, Julia A. Barsi

chapter |19 pages

Random Processes

ByRonald L. Phillips

chapter |8 pages

Ray Tracing: Paraxial

ByJavier Alda, Josep Arasa

chapter |9 pages

Ray Tracing: Real

ByJosep Arasa, Javier Alda

chapter |17 pages

Remote Sensing

ByRobert D. Fiete

chapter |9 pages

Remote Sensing: Electro-Optical Systems

ByDon M. McKeown

chapter |8 pages

Reticles

ByGustaf Olsson

chapter |9 pages

Reticles: Missile Seekers

ByCraig M. Deyerle

chapter |12 pages

Reticles: Nutating Systems

BySurng-Gahb Jahng, Hyun-Ki Hong, Jong-Soo Choi, Sung-Hyun Han

chapter |13 pages

Reticles: Rotating Systems

ByHyun-Ki Hong, Surng-Gahb Jahng, Kyoung-Soo Doo, Jong-Soo Choi

chapter |39 pages

Scanners and Modulators:Acousto-Optical

ByReeder Ward, Mark Montgomery, Milton Gottlieb

chapter |22 pages

Scanners: Galvanometric and Resonant

ByJean Montagu

chapter |18 pages

Scanning and Confocal Microscopy

ByColin Sheppard

chapter |8 pages

Scattering

ByAdam Liebert, Roman Maniewski

chapter |12 pages

Scintillation

ByLarry C. Andrews

chapter |12 pages

Semiconductor Materials: III-V Nonlinear Characteristics

ByR. Kuszelewicz, A. Levenson

chapter |6 pages

Sensor and Image Fusion

ByDean Scribner, Jonathon M. Schuler, Penny Warren, Richard Klein, J. Grant Howard

chapter |21 pages

Solar System

ByRobert L. Marcialis

chapter |22 pages

Spatiotemporal Contrast Sensitivity: Threshold and Suprathreshold

ByWalter Makous

chapter |13 pages

Special Functions

ByLarry C. Andrews, Cynthia Y. Young

chapter |14 pages

Speckle

ByCarl E. Halford

chapter |8 pages

Spectroscopy

ByJeffrey H. Hunt

chapter |8 pages

Spectroscopy: Doppler-Free

BySusan K. Watson

chapter |10 pages

Spectroscopy: Intracavity Laser

ByL.N. Sinitsa

chapter |11 pages

Spectroscopy: Microwave

ByAlan C. Samuels

chapter |7 pages

Spectroscopy: Saturation

ByThomas U. Kuehl

chapter |11 pages

Spectroscopy: Surface Nonlinear Optical

ByPhilippe Guyot-Sionnest

chapter |16 pages

Spectroscopy: Tissue

ByValery V. Tuchin

chapter |17 pages

Stellar Characteristics

ByDonald Bord

chapter |11 pages

Sun

ByWilliam Livingston

chapter |3 pages

Super Resolution

ByJonathon M. Schuler

chapter |12 pages

Surface Roughness

ByJean M. Bennett

chapter |14 pages

Synthetic Aperture Radar

ByJohn A. Richards

chapter |9 pages

Target Signature: Methods

ByWilliam R. Reynolds

chapter |45 pages

Thermal Detectors

ByAntoni Rogalski

chapter |28 pages

Thin Film Deposition

ByIan C. Stevenson

chapter |10 pages

Three-Dimensional Noncontact Sensing

ByKevin G. Harding

chapter |7 pages

Tissue–Laser Interactions

ByInci Çilesiz

chapter |13 pages

Tunable Terahertz-Wave Generation

ByHiromasa Ito

chapter |9 pages

Universe: Distribution of Matter

ByEliot Malumuth

chapter |8 pages

Velocimetry

ByMark D. McDowell

chapter |10 pages

Velocimetry: Spatial-Filtering

ByYasumasa Itakura

chapter |10 pages

Visible Sensor Performance Measurements

ByGordon Arthur, George R. Armstrong

chapter |12 pages

Vision: Nonlinear Dynamic Approaches

ByVincent A. Billock, Brian H. Tsou

chapter |7 pages

Visual Conspicuity

ByAlexander Toet, Piet Bijl

chapter |13 pages

Visual Information Processing

ByVincent A. Billock, Brian H. Tsou

chapter |6 pages

Visual Search

ByAlexander Toet, Piet Bijl

chapter |8 pages

Visual Search: Color and Display Issues

ByAllen L. Nagy

chapter |10 pages

Visual Search: Experiments

ByAlexander Toet, Piet Bijl

chapter |6 pages

Wavefront Coding

ByManjunath Somayaji

chapter |8 pages

Wavelets: Continuous Transform and Series

ByAhmed I. Zayed

chapter |20 pages

Wireless Communications

ByShlomi Arnon

chapter |22 pages

X-Rays: Medical Applications

ByJ. Anthony Seibert

chapter |9 pages

X-Rays: Optical Elements

ByEberhard Spiller