ABSTRACT

The activities of modern society have unleashed a range of toxic chemicals into the global environment. Many of these toxicants are now being detected in increasing quantities in the tissues of marine mammals, most notably in top predators who acquire relatively large amounts of toxic chemicals by ingesting contaminated prey.

Toxicology of M

part |2 pages

Part I Implications of contaminants for marine mammal health

chapter 1|35 pages

Pathology of marine mammals with special reference to infectious diseases

ByRobert B. Moeller, Jr

chapter 2|17 pages

Contaminants and marine mammal immunotoxicology and pathology

BySylvain De Guise, Kimberlee B. Beckmen, Steven D. Holladay

chapter 4|15 pages

Effects of environmental contaminants on the endocrine system of marine mammals

ByMary Gregory, Daniel G. Cyr

part |2 pages

PART II An overview of contamination of marine mammals and their environment

chapter 6|36 pages

Persistent ocean contaminants and marine mammals: A retrospective overview

ByThomas J. O’Shea and Shinsuke Tanabe

chapter 7|33 pages

Heavy metals in marine mammals

ByKrishna Das, Virginie Debacker, Stéphane Pillet, Jean-Marie Bouquegneau

chapter 8|38 pages

Persistent organic contaminants in Arctic marine mammals

ByTodd M. O’Hara and Paul R. Becker

chapter 9|41 pages

Inorganic pollutants in Arctic marine mammals

ByTodd M. O’Hara, Victoria Woshner and Gerald Bratton

chapter 10|23 pages

Impacts of algal toxins on marine mammals

ByFrances M. Van Dolah, Gregory J. Doucette, Frances M.D. Gulland, Teri L. Rowles Gregory D. Bossart

chapter 11|19 pages

Toxicology of sirenians

ByThomas J. O’Shea

part |2 pages

Part III Cetaceans

chapter 12|42 pages

Cetaceans and contaminants

ByTheo Colborn, Michael J. Smolen

chapter 13|48 pages

Pathology of cetaceans. A case study: Beluga from the St. Lawrence estuary

ByDaniel Martineau, Igor Mikaelian, Jean-Martin Lapointe, Philippe Labelle, Robert Higgins

chapter 14|23 pages

Immune status of St. Lawrence estuary beluga whales

ByPauline Brousseau, Sylvain De Guise, Isabelle Voccia, Sylvia Ruby, Michel Fournier

chapter 16|29 pages

Mechanisms of aromatic hydrocarbon toxicity: implications for cetacean morbidity and mortality

ByMichael J. Carvan III and David L. Busbee

part |2 pages

Part IV Pinnipeds

chapter 18|16 pages

Global temporal trends of organochlorines and heavy metals in pinnipeds

ByPeter J.H. Reijnders and Mark P. Simmonds

chapter 20|24 pages

The immune system, environmental contaminants and virus-associated mass mortalities among pinnipeds

ByPeter S. Ross, Joseph G. Vos and Albert D.M.E. Osterhaus

chapter 21|13 pages

The effects of chemical contaminants on immune functions in harbour seals: Results of a semi-field study

ByJoseph G. Vos, Peter S. Ross, Rik L. de Swart, Henk van Loveren

chapter 22|22 pages

Immunotoxicology of free-ranging pinnipeds: Approaches to study design

ByPeter S. Ross, Kimberlee B. Beckmen, Stéphane Pillet

part |2 pages

Part V Perspectives for the future

chapter 23|20 pages

Conclusions and perspectives for the future

ByThomas J. O’Shea, Gregory D. Bossart, Michel Fournier and Joseph G. Vos