ABSTRACT

Encyclopedic presentation of the clinical applications of biomaterials from markets and advanced concepts to pharmaceutical applications and blood compatibility.

part 1|34 pages

Markets

chapter 1|28 pages

Medical Pharmaceutical Markets for Medical Plastics

ByMichael Szycher

chapter 2|4 pages

Medical Markets for Radiation Sterilizable Plastics

ByJeffrey R. Ellis

part 2|106 pages

Fundamental Properties and Test Methods

chapter 3|14 pages

An Assessment of Elastomers Biomedical Applications

ByCarl R. McMilin

chapter 4|20 pages

Structure-Property Relations in Polyurethanes

ByRudolph D. Deanin

chapter 5|20 pages

Polyurethanes

ByN. Hasirci

chapter 6|34 pages

Advanced Testing Methods for Biomaterials

ByLecon Woo, Michael T. K. Ling, Wilson Cheung

chapter 7|16 pages

Non-Destructive Testing of Virgin Mammary Prostheses: First Step in an Attempt to Characterize the Changes That Occur with These Implants in Vivo

ByDaniel Marceau, Catherine Rolland, Michael Bronskill, Alain Cardou, Royston Paynter, Robert Guidoin

part 3|2 pages

Advanced Concepts

chapter 8|12 pages

Microbial Adhesion to Biomaterials

ByAnthony G. Gristina, Paul T. Naylor, Quentin N. Myrvik, William D. Wagner

chapter 9|7 pages

The Healing Effects of Occlusive Wound Dressings

ByMarcel F. Jonkman

chapter 10|7 pages

The Application of Synthetic Hydrogels for Cell Culture

ByShoji Nagaoka, Hiroshi Tanzawa, Jiro Suzuki

chapter 11|7 pages

Chemically Modified Collagenous Amniotic Layer as a Wound Dressing Material

ByT. P. Sastry, K. Panduranga Rao

chapter 12|6 pages

Composites of Collagen with Synthetic Polymers for Biomedical Applications

ByRitu Bhatnagar, Alok R. Ray

chapter 14|16 pages

Foam Separation in Polyurethane-Covered Breast Prostheses

ByR. Guidoin, C. Rolland, P. E. Roy, M. Marois, P. Blais

chapter 15|24 pages

Clinical Applications of Percutaneous Implants

Edited ByMagnus Jacobsson, Anders TjellstrÖM

chapter 16|12 pages

Development of a Bioadhesive Tablet

Edited ByG. Ponchel, D. Duchene

chapter 17|12 pages

Synthetic Bioabsorbable Polymers

Edited ByThomas H. Barrows

chapter 18|9 pages

Bioadhesion and Factors Affecting the Bioadhesion of Microparticles 1

Edited ByK. V. Ranga Rao, P. Buri

part 4|156 pages

Blood Compatibility and Vascular Prostheses

chapter 19|42 pages

Nonthrombogenic Graft Copolymers

Edited ByHajime Miyama

chapter 20|26 pages

Expanded PTFE Prostheses as Substitutes in the Abdominal Aorta of Dogs: A Comparative Study of Eleven Different Grafts

Edited ByJamal Charara, Robert Guidoin, Tian Jian Rao, Michel Marois, Juan Borzone, Yves Marois, Camille Gosselin, Nathan Sheiner

chapter 22|26 pages

Modified PHEMA Hydrogels

ByPatricia A. Davis, Samuel J. Huang, Luigi Nicolais, Luigi Ambrosio

chapter 23|12 pages

Cellular Immune-Reactivity to Synthetic Materials Used in Vascular Prostheses: In vivo Studies in Rats

Edited ByYves Marois, Yahye Merhi, Raynald Roy, Michel Marois, Charles J. Doillon, Robert Guidoin

chapter 24|20 pages

The Atrium Plasma TFE® Prosthesis: Physical and Chemical Characterization

Edited ByRobert Guidoin, Martin King, Marie Therrien, Royston Paynter, Sophie Simoneau, Elisabeth Debille, Luc Tremblay, Denis Boyer, Francis Gill

chapter 25|4 pages

Clinical Application of Antithrombogenic Hydrogel with Long Polyethylene Oxide Chains

Edited ByShoji Nagaoka, Akimasa Naka

chapter 26|20 pages

Woven Velour Polyester Arterial Grafts with Polypropylene Wrap: In vivo Evaluation

Edited ByNabil Chakfe, Cyril Chaput, Yvan Douville, Denis Boyer, Yves Marois, Marie Therrien, Paul-Emile Roy, Robert Guidoin

chapter 27|18 pages

Vascular Prostheses from Polyurethanes: Methods for Fabrication and Evaluation

ByRajagopal R. Kowligi, Robert W. Calcotte

chapter 28|6 pages

Antithrombogenic pO2Sensor for Continuous Intravascular Oxygen Monitoring

ByShoji Nagaoka, Masato Mikami, Yoshihiro Shimizu

chapter 29|26 pages

Woven Velour Polyester Arterial Grafts with Polypropylene Wrap: A Cosmetic Change or Improved Design?

ByRobert Guidoin, Martin King, Marie Therrien, Yvan Douville, Elisabeth Debille, Denis Boyer, Sophie Simoneau, Luc Tremblay

chapter 30|8 pages

Newly Developed Hydrophilic Slippery Surface for Medical Application

ByShoji Nagaoka, Ryojiro Akashi

chapter 31|14 pages

Endothelial Cell Seeding of Prosthetic Vascular Grafts—Current Status

BySteven P. Schmidt, William V. Sharp, M. Michelle Evancho, Sharon O. Meerbaum

part 5|28 pages

Orthopedic Applications

chapter 32|22 pages

Carbon-Reinforced Composites in Orthopedic Surgery

ByP. Christel, L. Claes, S. A. Brown

chapter 33|6 pages

Reproduction in a Polymer Composite of Some Mechanical Features of Tendons and Ligaments

ByManuel Monleón Pradas, Ricardo Diaz Calleja

part 6|288 pages

Pharmaceutical Applications

chapter 34|12 pages

Skin Permeation Enhancers for Improved Transdermal Drug Delivery

ByBruce J. Aungst

chapter 35|34 pages

Oligomeric Prodrugs

ByE. Ranucci, P. Ferruti

chapter 37|38 pages

Studies of Wound Healing and the Effects of Dressings

ByS. E. Barnett, S. J. Irving

chapter 38|26 pages

Phagocytosis of Polymeric Microspheres

ByYasuhiko Tabata, Yoshito Ikada

chapter 39|22 pages

Nonspecific and Biospecific Sorbents for Medical Applications

ByErhan Pişkin

chapter 40|64 pages

Drug-Loaded Ophthalmic Prostheses

Edited ByDumitriu Severian

chapter 41|10 pages

Medicated Bioerodible Ophthalmic Devices

ByDavid A. Lee, Kam W. Leong

chapter 42|22 pages

Antibacterial Activity of Polycationic Biocides

Edited ByTomiki Ikeda

chapter 45|18 pages

Pharmaceutical Uses of Cyclodextrin Derivatives

ByKaneto Uekama, Fumitoshi Hirayama, Tetsumi Irie

chapter 46|6 pages

ChronoFilm™: A Novel Transdermal and Topical Delivery System

ByM. Szycher, E. Tabibi, A. Siciliano