This book aims to provide details about membrane desalination processes, starting from basic concepts leading to real world implementation. Chapters cover novel research topics such as biomimetic and nanocomposite membranes, nanostructured fillers for mixed matrix membranes, advanced characterization techniques and molecular modeling. Additionally, engineering and economical aspects of desalination as well as the exploitation of green energy sources are thoroughly presented. This books targets bridging the gap between the everyday research laboratory practices with practical application demands, so that the readers gain a global perspective of all desalination challenges.

chapter 1|15 pages

Introduction to Membrane Desalination

ByAndreas A. Sapalidis, Evangelos P. Kouvelos, George E. Romanos, Nick K. Kanellopoulos

chapter 2|48 pages

Membrane Materials Design Trends

ByShadia R. Tewfik, Mohamed H. Sorour, Abdelghani M.G. Abulnour, Hayam F. Shaalan, Heba A. Hani, Marwa M.H. El-Sayed, Yomna O. Abdelrahman, Eman S. Sayed, Aya N. Mohamed, Amany A. Al-Mansoup, Nourhan A. Shawky

chapter 3|24 pages

Functionalization of Carbon-Based Additives

ByMyrsini Kyriaki Antoniou, Andreas Sapalidis, Zili Sideratou

chapter 4|33 pages

Nanohybrid Graphene-Based Materials for Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Adsorption and Membrane Technology
ByGeorge Z. Kyzas, Athanasios C. Mitropoulos, Evangelos P. Favvas

chapter 5|86 pages

State of the Art and Perspectives in Membranes for Membrane Distillation/Membrane Crystallization

ByCarmen Meringolo, Gianluca Di Profio, Efrem Curcio, Elena Tocci, Enrico Drioli, Enrica Fontananova

chapter 6|17 pages

Artificial Water Channels

Toward Next-Generation Reverse Osmosis Membranes
ByMaria Di Vincenzo, Sophie Cerneaux, Istvan Kocsis, Mihail Barboiu

chapter 7|21 pages

Desalination Membranes

Characterization Techniques
ByRund Abu-Zurayk, Mohammed R. Qtaishat, Abeer Al Bawab

chapter 8|17 pages

Carbon Molecular Models for Desalination

ByGeorgia Karataraki, Anastasios Gotzias, Elena Tocci

chapter 9|15 pages

Virtual Material Design

A Powerful Tool for the Development of High-Efficiency Porous Media
ByStéphan Barbe, Aron Kneer

chapter 10|18 pages

Estimation of Process Parameters in Industrial Membrane Manufacture Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

ByStéphan Barbe, Fei Wang, Aron Kneer, Michael Metze, Christian Wenning, Patrick Altschuh, Britta Nestler

chapter 11|22 pages

Towards Energy-Efficient Reverse Osmosis

ByMohamed T. Mito, Philip Davies

chapter 12|20 pages

Membrane Fouling and Scaling in Reverse Osmosis

ByNirajan Dhakal, Almotasembellah Abushaban, Nasir Mangal, Mohanad Abunada, Jan C. Schippers, Maria D Kennedy

chapter 13|24 pages

Sustainable Development and Future Trends in Desalination Technology

ByMattheus Goosen, Hacene Mahmoudi