Music is an expression of feelings of the soul conveyed through the medium of sound. But not all sounds are music. It might be said that only an organised sound or series of sounds can be called music. Thus, music is connected to the eternal and constant flow and order of the universe, to the laws and rhythms of nature. It can also be said that musical order is comparable to the natural order of the universe. There are laws of a certain nature in the natural sciences and likewise in music there are structures and procedures, or even rules, that should be followed to produce beautiful music. The International Conference "Innovations for 21st Century Music Education and Research" provided a timely opportunity to take stock of the latest developments in music education and brought together educators, researchers and members of the broader community in a welcoming forum in which they were able to express theoretical and practical views, concepts, research results and principles to help support the further development of music education.

chapter |10 pages

The pervasiveness of K-pop in 21st century Indonesia

ByP.V. Langit, K.S. Astuti, A. Yuliyanti, R.M. Nasution

chapter |7 pages

Music bibliography of South Kalimantan (1978–2017)

ByS. Hadi

chapter |10 pages

Differences in developing musical competencies in Indonesia, The Netherlands, and France

ByK.S. Astuti, A. Armini, H. Sri Mudjilah, E.Th.M. Bijsterveld, S. Vrede, W. Veugelers

chapter |13 pages

The influence of deep learning model on musicality and character through Dolanan songs

ByK.S. Astuti, M.G. Widyastuti, H.T. Silaen

chapter |7 pages

Multimedia Talempong Pacik learning: Virtual instrument based on Android

ByB.F.F. Zerky, K.S. Astuti

chapter |8 pages

Beatbox for teaching in 21st century music education

ByE.P. Grandena, A.N. Machfauzia

chapter |8 pages

The effects of applying games in music class on character and learning achievements

ByH. Praptomo, T.H. Retnowati

chapter |9 pages

Gamolan multimedia: An innovative media for traditional musical instrument learning

ByI.K.S.S. Putra, A.N. Machfauzia

chapter |7 pages

Keroncong multimedia: An alternative music learning media

ByD.A.P. Anggara, A.N. Machfauzia

chapter |6 pages

Bringing 21st century music skills to the curriculum through interdisciplinary study

ByA. Mustikawati, K.S. Astuti

chapter |6 pages

The impact of the UK curriculum on the musicality of Indonesian students

ByPriyadi, K.S. Astuti

chapter |7 pages

Vocal learning efforts to increase music teachers’ abilities in Panti Dewi kindergarten

ByP.P. Rusdewanti, D. Kristianingsih, D. Jogjaningrum

chapter |9 pages

The effectiveness of vocal learning using the drill learning method

ByN.R.D. Arini, H.S. Mudjilah

chapter |4 pages

Early inculcation of character values through children’s songs

ByH.Y. Wicaksono, Agustianto, Y.J. Fitria

chapter |5 pages

How music education can contribute to moral development and citizenship?

ByW. Veugelers, J. Terlingen

chapter |6 pages

A revitalization of Lubuklinggau folk songs to engraft the patriotism

ByA. Fadlilah, K.S. Astuti

chapter |9 pages

Gandang Tambua & Tasa: Elements of music and relevance to character education

ByM. Afdhal, A.N. Machfauzia

chapter |5 pages

Cultivating the spirit of nationalism through the song ‘Manuk Dadali’

ByS.R. Mahmudah, Sumaryadi

chapter |7 pages

The value of local wisdom in children’s song for character education

ByM.Y. Putrajip, K.S. Astuti, Y. Fitrianto

chapter |5 pages

Educational values in the Erpangir Ku Lau ritual

ByA.P.H. Purba, K.S. Astuti

chapter |7 pages

Moral teaching in children’s religious songs

ByG. Dwiyantoro, H. Pamadhi

chapter |4 pages

Developing character values through Javanese gamelan

ByA. Pranata, S. Rudiyati

chapter |5 pages

Tolerance education through a choral lesson in schools

ByO. Pratama, K.S. Astuti

chapter |7 pages

The educational values in the art of Randai Sutan Budiman in Kambang Lengayang

ByJ. Yuliandri, A.N. Machfauzia

chapter |9 pages

Meanings in the Orang Rimba ritual honey-gathering song in Jambi, Indonesia

ByD.N. Anggraini, S. Pradoko

chapter |10 pages

An analysis of Rokan hilir hymn song as a learning material for music subject in school

ByA. Husna, A.M.S. Pradoko, W.O. Wiko, G.K.W. Anggraheni

chapter |8 pages

The relationship between folk song and people’s moral education

ByA. Yunanto, H. Pamadhi

chapter |7 pages

Kuadai dance music and symbolic meaning as a medium for early childhood learning

ByHartono & R. lanjari, A.H. Saputri, B. Susetyo

chapter |6 pages

Educational values through Senjang songs in Sekayu, Musi Banyuasin Regency

ByA.R. Purnamasari, S. Pradoko

chapter |6 pages

Children’s learning of Dolanan songs in the digital era

ByE. Nurhayati, K.S. Astuti

chapter |9 pages

The revivals of Haydn’s oratorio The Creation

ByT. Bramantyo

chapter |15 pages

The perspective of Western music in wayang kulit gamelan

ByY.E. Susilo

chapter |16 pages

Opening melody for patet sound space on shadow puppet theatre

ByH.B. Prasetya, I.K.N. Putra, T.W. Widodo

chapter |6 pages

A study of stambul II singing style in the Muntilan Keroncong Putra Kasih orchestra

ByK.W.I. Cahyani, K.S. Astuti

chapter |14 pages

The process of learning Tifa instruments in the Asmat tribe

ByF.E.I. Rahayaan, K.S. Astuti

chapter |7 pages

Counter rhythmic and counter melodic methods for angklung music arrangement’s

ByB.P. Korantalaga, A.M.S. Pradoko

chapter |9 pages

Literature review: The effect of music therapy on labour pains

ByK. Resmaniasih

chapter |8 pages

Targeting music business opportunities in the town

ByR.P. Hanangun, A.G.B. Triprasetyo

chapter |12 pages

Integrating music and visual art in batik Tembe Renda

ByFathurrahman, I.K. Sunarya

chapter |6 pages

Talempong Anam Salido as an Islamic representation of Minangkabau people

ByM. Irfan, A.S. Suminto

chapter |8 pages

Sasandu musical instruments as Nusa Tenggara Timur cultural arts promotion media

ByW.O. Wiko, S. Pradoko, G.K.W. Anggraheni, A. Husna