Ants have always fascinated the nature observer. Reports from ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia indicate that ants interested humans long ago. Myrmecology as a science had its beginning in the last century with great naturalists like Andre, Darwin, Emery, Escherich, Fabre, Fields, Forel, Janet, Karawaiew, McCook, Mayr, Smith, Wasmann and Wheeler. They studied ants as an interesting biological phenomenon, with little thought of the possible beneficial or detrimental effects ants could have on human activities (see Wheeler 1910 as an example). When Europeans began colonizing the New World, serious ant problems occurred. The first reports of pest ants came from Spanish and Portuguese officials of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Trinidad, The West Indies, Central America and South America. Leaf-cutting ants were blamed for making agricultural development almost impossible in many areas. These ants, Atta and Acromyrmex species, are undoubtedly the first ants identified as pests and may be considered to have initiated interest and research in applied myrmecology (Mariconi 1970).

part |67 pages

Ant Pests of the World

chapter 1|12 pages

Major Ant Problems of South America

ByH.G. Fowler, J.V.E. Bernardi, J.C. Delabie, L.C. Forti, V. Pereira-Da-Silva

chapter 2|10 pages

Pest Ants of India

ByG.K. Veeresh

chapter 3|9 pages

Pest Ants in Urban and Agricultural Areas of Southern Africa

ByA.J. Prins, H.G. Robertson, A. Prins

chapter 4|6 pages

Seed Harvesting Ant Pests in Australia

ByA.N. Andersen

chapter 5|11 pages

Pest Ants in the Hawaiian Islands

ByN. Reimer, J.W. Beardsley, G. John

chapter 6|17 pages

Ants That Have Pest Status in the United States

ByC.R. Thompson

part |61 pages

Systematics and Morphology

chapter |4 pages


ByJ.E. Lattke

chapter 7|10 pages

Chemotaxonomy Applied to Fire Ant Systematics in the United States and South America

ByR.K. Vander Meer, C.S. Lofgren

chapter 8|10 pages

A Survey of the Glandular System of Fire Ants

ByJ. Billen

chapter 10|17 pages

Cephalic Exocrine Glands of Ants: A Morphological View

ByC. Da Cruz-Landim

part |53 pages


chapter |5 pages


ByL. Passera

chapter 12|12 pages

Reproductive Strategies of the Fire Ant

ByA.P. Bhatkar

chapter 13|8 pages

Oviposition and Growth of the Fire Ant Solenopsis invicta

ByD.F. Williams

chapter 14|15 pages

Social Control of Reproduction in Fire Ant Colonies

ByE.L. Vargo

chapter 15|7 pages

Egg-laying in Atta sexdens rubropilosa, Under Laboratory Conditions

ByT.M.C. Della Lucia, E.F. Vilela, D.D.O. Moreira, J.M.S. Bento, N. Dos Anjos

part |131 pages

Natural History and Biology

chapter |3 pages


ByS.D. Porter

chapter 18|9 pages

Community Structure and Solenopsis invicta in Sao Paulo

ByH.G. Fowler, J.V.E. Bernardi, L.F.T. Di Romagnano

chapter 19

A Decade-long Study of an Attine Ant Colony

ByB.A. Weiss

chapter 20|9 pages

Development of the Ant-Fungus Relationship in Atta laevigata

ByA. Cedeno, M.J. León

chapter 22|14 pages

Methods for the Evaluation of Leaf-cutting Ant Harvest

ByH.G. Fowler, L.C. Forti, L.F.T. Di Romagnano

chapter 23|9 pages

Seasonal Activity of Atta insularis, an Important Citrus Pest in Jaguey Grande, Cuba

ByL.F. Pérez Perera, A. González, J.F. Martínez

chapter 26|7 pages

Biology of Carpenter Ants

ByL.D. Hansen, R.D. Akre

chapter 27|9 pages

The Little Fire Ant Wasmannia auropunctata (R.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

ByP. Ulloa-Chacon, D. Cherix

chapter 29|18 pages

Ant Pests of the Tapinomini Tribe

ByA.Y. Harada

part |173 pages

Behavioral and Chemical Ecology

chapter |3 pages


ByE.D. Morgan

chapter 30|7 pages

Nestmate Recognition in Fire Ants: Monogyne and Polygyne Populations

ByR.K. Vander Meer, M.S. Obin, L. Morel

chapter 32|10 pages

Territorial Ecology of the Leaf-cutting Ant, Atta laevigata

ByA. Salzemann, K. Jaffe

chapter 36|28 pages

Factors Controlling Foraging Patterns in the Leaf-cutting Ant Acromyrmex octospinosus (Reich)

ByJ.J. Knapp, P.E. Howse, A. Kermarrec

chapter 37|10 pages

Foraging and Fungal Substrate Selection by Leaf-cutting Ants

ByH.L. Vasconcelos, H.G. Fowler

chapter 38|7 pages

Toxic Effect of Plants on Leaf-cutting Ants and Their Symbiotic Fungus

ByO.C. Bueno, M.J.A. Hebling-Beraldo, O. Aulino da Silva, F. Pagnocca, J.B. Fernandez, P.C. Vieira

chapter 39|11 pages

Pheromonal Control of Behavior in Leaf-cutting Ants

ByP.E. Howse

chapter 40|14 pages

Self-organizing Spatial Patterns in the Argentine Ant Iridomyrmex humilis (Mayr)

ByS. Aron, J.M. Pasteels, S. Goss, J.L. Deneubourg

chapter 42|11 pages

Some Findings on Neurotoxins from the Venom of the Giant Ant, Paraponera clavata

ByC. Sevcik, C.J. Hernandez

chapter 43|10 pages

Prey Capture Strategy of the African Weaver Ant

ByA. Dejean

chapter 44|8 pages

The Biological Activities of Ant-derived Alkaloids

ByP. Escoubas, M.S. Blum

part |97 pages

Applied Ecology

chapter |3 pages


ByD.F. Williams

chapter 45|8 pages

Effects of the Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta, on Electrical Circuits and Equipment

ByS.B. Vinson, W.P. MacKay

chapter 46|7 pages

Red Imported Fire Ants' (Solenopsis invicta) Impact on Texas Outdoor Recreation

ByR.T. Ervin, W.T. Tennant

chapter 47|8 pages

Control of Acromyrmex landolti in the Improved Pastures of Colombian Savanna

ByS.L. Lapointe, C.A. García, M.S. Serrano

chapter 50|11 pages

The Biology and Economic Impact of Pogonomyrmex Harvester Ants

ByW.P. MacKay

chapter 52|15 pages

The Ant Problems of Cocoa Farms in Brazil

ByJ.C. Delabie

part |127 pages


chapter |5 pages


ByJ.M. Cherrett

chapter 54|8 pages

Chemical Control of the Imported Fire Ants

ByW.A. Banks

chapter 55|10 pages

Effects of IGR Fenoxycarb and Sumitomo S-31183 on the Queens of Two Myrmicine Ant Species

ByB.M. Glancey, N. Reimer, W.A. Banks

chapter 56|6 pages

Control of the Red Imported Fire Ant Solenopsis invicta in Electrical Equipment

ByW.P. MacKay, S.B. Vinson

chapter 57|8 pages

Approaches to Biological Control of Fire Ants in the United States

ByD.P. Jouvenaz

chapter 61|8 pages

Controlling Argentine Ants in Urban Situations

ByM.K. Rust, R.L. Knight

chapter 62|5 pages

Health Aspects and Control of Monomorium Pharaonis

ByWd. Eichler

chapter 64|9 pages

Reducing Theft of Surface-sown Seeds by Harvester Ants

ByM.H. Campbell

chapter 65|8 pages

Management of Carpenter Ants

ByR.D. Akre, L.D. Hansen

chapter 67|8 pages

Ant Control in Hawaiian Drip Irrigation Systems

ByV. Chang, A.K. Ota