This book is the first review of the scientific literature on the Africanized honey bee. The African subspecies Apis mellifera scutellata (formerly adansonii) was introduced into South America in 1956 with the intent of cross-breeding it with other subspecies of bees already present in Brazil to obtain a honey bee better adapted to tropical conditions. Shortly after its introduction, some of the African stock became established in the feral population around Sao Paulo, Brazil, and spread rapidly through Brazil. It has since migrated through most of the neotropics, displacing and/or hybridizing with the previously imported subspecies of honey bees. Africanized bees have been stereotype d as having high rates of swarming and absconding, rapid colony growth, and fierce defensivebehavior. As they have spread through the neotropics they have interacted with the human population, disrupting apiculture and urban activities when high levels of defensive behavior are expressed.

chapter 1|9 pages


ByMaria Spivak, David J.C. Fletcher, Michael D. Breed

part Part One|63 pages

Systematics and Identification

chapter 2|32 pages

Systematics and Identification of Africanized Honey Bees

ByHowell V. Daly

chapter 3|29 pages

Genetic Characterization of Honey Bees through DNA Analysis

ByH. Glenn Hall

part Part Two|123 pages

The Spread of Africanized Bees and the Africanization Process

chapter 5|23 pages

The Processes of Africanization

ByThomas E. Rinderer, Richard L. Hellmich

chapter 6|17 pages

Africanized Bees: Natural Selection for Colonizing Ability

ByFrancis L.W. Ratnieks

chapter 7|19 pages

The Africanization Process in Costa Rica

ByMarla Spivak

chapter 8|30 pages

Honey Bee Genetics and Breeding

ByRobert E. Page, Warwick E. Kerr

part Part Three|98 pages

Population Biology, Ecology, and Diseases

chapter 10|12 pages

The Inside Story: Internal Colony Dynamics of Africanized Bees

ByMark L. Winston

chapter 11|22 pages

Population Biology of the Africanized Honey Bee

ByGard W. Otis

chapter 12|23 pages

Foraging Behavior and Honey Production

ByThomas E. Rinderer, Anita M. Collins

chapter 13|23 pages

Aspects of Africanized Honey Bee Ecology in Tropical America

ByDavid W. Roubik

chapter 14|14 pages

Bee Diseases, Parasites, and Pests

ByH. Shimanuki, D. A. Knox, David De Jong

section Part Four|60 pages

Defensive Behavior

chapter 15|10 pages

Defensive Behavior

ByMichael D. Breed

chapter 16|20 pages

Genetics of Defensive Behavior I

ByAnita M. Collins, Thomas E. Rinderer

chapter 17|28 pages

Genetics of Defensive Behavior II

ByAntonio Carlos Stort, Lionel Segui Gonçalves

part Part Five|55 pages

Beekeeping in South America

chapter 18|14 pages

Beekeeping in Brazil

ByLionel Segui Gonçalves, Antonio Carlos Stort, David De Jong

chapter 19|26 pages

The Africanized Honey Bee in Peru

ByRobert Β. Kent

chapter 20|13 pages

Beekeeping in Venezuela

ByRichard L. Hellmich, Thomas E. Rinderer