Modelled on the concept of Industry 4.0, the idea of Construction 4.0 is based on a confluence of trends and technologies that promise to reshape the way built environment assets are designed, constructed, and operated.

With the pervasive use of Building Information Modelling (BIM), lean principles, digital technologies, and offsite construction, the industry is at the cusp of this transformation. The critical challenge is the fragmented state of teaching, research, and professional practice in the built environment sector. This handbook aims to overcome this fragmentation by describing Construction 4.0 in the context of its current state, emerging trends and technologies, and the people and process issues that surround the coming transformation.

Construction 4.0 is a framework that is a confluence and convergence of the following broad themes discussed in this book:

  • Industrial production (prefabrication, 3D printing and assembly, offsite manufacture)
  • Cyber-physical systems (actuators, sensors, IoT, robots, cobots, drones)
  • Digital and computing technologies (BIM, video and laser scanning, AI and cloud computing, big data and data analytics, reality capture, Blockchain, simulation, augmented reality, data standards and interoperability, and vertical and horizontal integration)

The aim of this handbook is to describe the Construction 4.0 framework and consequently highlight the resultant processes and practices that allow us to plan, design, deliver, and operate built environment assets more effectively and efficiently by focusing on the physical-to-digital transformation and then digital-to-physical transformation. This book is essential reading for all built environment and AEC stakeholders who need to get to grips with the technological transformations currently shaping their industry, research, and teaching.

part I|88 pages

Introduction and overview of Construction 4.0, CPS, Digital Ecosystem, and innovation

chapter 1|20 pages

Construction 4.0

Introduction and overview
ByAnil Sawhney, Mike Riley, Javier Irizarry

chapter 2|19 pages

Introduction to cyber-physical systems in the built environment

ByPardis Pishdad-Bozorgi, Xinghua Gao, Dennis R. Shelden

chapter 3|20 pages

Digital ecosystems 
in the construction industry—current state and future trends

ByAnil Sawhney, Ibrahim S. Odeh

chapter 4|27 pages

Innovation in the construction project delivery networks in Construction 4.0

ByKen Stowe, Olivier Lépinoy, Atul Khanzode

part II|330 pages

Core components of Construction 4.0

chapter 5|23 pages

Potentials of cyber-physical systems in architecture and construction

ByLauren Vasey, Achim Menges

chapter 6|18 pages

Applications of cyber-physical systems in construction

ByAbiola A. Akanmu, Chimay J. Anumba

chapter 7|11 pages

A review of mixed-reality applications in Construction 4.0

ByAseel Hussien, Atif Waraich, Daniel Paes

chapter 8|13 pages

Overview of optoelectronic technology in Construction 4.0

ByErika A. Pärn

chapter 9|33 pages

The potential for additive manufacturing to transform the construction industry

BySeyed Hamidreza Ghaffar, Jorge Corker, Paul Mullett

chapter 10|21 pages

Digital fabrication in the construction sector

ByKeith Kaseman, Konrad Graser

chapter 11|13 pages

Using BIM for multi-trade prefabrication in construction

ByMehrdad Arashpour, Ron Wakefield

chapter 12|18 pages

Data standards and data exchange for Construction 4.0

ByDennis R. Shelden, Pieter Pauwels, Pardis Pishdad-Bozorgi, Shu Tang

chapter 13|24 pages

Visual and virtual progress monitoring in Construction 4.0

ByJacob J. Lin, Mani Golparvar-Fard

chapter 14|25 pages

Unmanned Aerial System applications in construction

ByMasoud Gheisari, Dayana Bastos Costa, Javier Irizarry

chapter 15|18 pages

Future of robotics and automation in construction

ByBorja Garcia de Soto, Miroslaw J. Skibniewski

chapter 16|19 pages

Robots in indoor and outdoor environments

ByBharadwaj R. K. Mantha, Borja Garcia de Soto, Carol C. Menassa, Vineet R. Kamat

chapter 17|24 pages

Domain-knowledge enriched BIM in Construction 4.0

Design-for-safety and crane safety cases
ByMd. Aslam Hossain, Justin K. W. Yeoh, Ernest L. S. Abbott, David K. H. Chua

chapter 18|20 pages

Internet of Things (IoT) and internet enabled physical devices for Construction 4.0

ByYu-Cheng Lin, Weng-Fong Cheung

chapter 19|25 pages

Cloud-based collaboration and project management

ByKalyan Vaidyanathan, Koshy Varghese, Ganesh Devkar

chapter 20|24 pages

Use of blockchain 
for enabling 
Construction 4.0

ByAbel Maciel

part III|58 pages

Practical aspects of construction 4.0 including case studies, overview of start-ups, and future directions

chapter 21|20 pages

Construction 4.0 case studies

ByCristina Toca Pérez, Dayana Bastos Costa, Mike Farragher

chapter 22|19 pages

Cyber threats and actors confronting the Construction 4.0

ByErika A. Pärn, Borja Garcia de Soto

chapter 23|17 pages

Emerging trends and research directions

ByEyuphan Koc, Evangelos Pantazis, Lucio Soibelman, David J. Gerber