ABSTRACT

Life-cycle assessment is a methodology used to evaluate the environmental impacts of a product, process, or service during its life cycle, and risk assessment is a tool to evaluate potential hazards to human health and the environment introduced by pollutant emissions.

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals call for, among other objectives, responsible consumption and production by decoupling environmental resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth and human well-being. Life-cycle assessment and risk assessment are both analytical system approaches that allow scientists and other decision makers to address these issues and objectives according to the current understanding of environmental mechanisms.

This book is the first attempt to illustrate the existing interfaces between life-cycle assessment and risk assessment and to indicate options for further integration of both tools.

The second edition:

  1. Focuses on sustainability
  2. Considers new developments in life-cycle assessment and environmental risk assessment over the last ten years at the international level
  3. Introduces broader concepts and discussions on integrative versus the complementary use of life-cycle and risk assessments
  4. Extends the scope of integrated life-cycle and risk assessments to critical raw materials
  5. Includes more case studies and discusses engineered nanomaterials

Featuring contributions from leading experts, Integrated Life-Cycle and Risk Assessment for Industrial Processes and Products is a great reference for graduate students and professionals in environmental management and intends to catalyze communication between life-cycle assessment and risk assessment experts and scientists in academia, industry, and governmental agencies. The practical format of the book—illustrated with flowcharts, examples, exercises, and concrete applications—makes it a useful manual for analyzing situations and making decisions.

chapter 1|31 pages

Basic Principles in Sustainability Management

ByGuido Sonnemann, Francesc Castells, Marta Schuhmacher

chapter 2|46 pages

Life-Cycle Assessment

ByDieuwertje Schrijvers, Michael Tsang, Francesc Castells, Guido Sonnemann

chapter 3|40 pages

Life-Cycle Impact Assessment

ByGuido Sonnemann, Michael Tsang, Francesc Castells

chapter 4|57 pages

Environmental Risk Assessment

ByMarta Schuhmacher, Montserrat Mari, Michael Tsang, Guido Sonnemann

chapter 5|17 pages

Criticality Assessment of Natural Resources

ByDimitra Ioannidou, Guido Sonnemann

chapter 6|13 pages

Combining and Integrating Life-Cycle and Risk Assessment

ByMichael Tsang, Guido Sonnemann

chapter 7|29 pages

Life-Cycle Toxicity Assessment

ByMichael Tsang, Guido Sonnemann

chapter 8|11 pages

Life-Cycle Criticality Assessment

ByEskinder Demisse Gemechu, Guido Sonnemann

chapter 9|37 pages

Uncertainty Assessment by Monte Carlo Simulation 1

ByGuido Sonnemann, Luiz Kulay, Yolanda Pla, Michael Tsang, Marta Schuhmacher

chapter 10|40 pages

Environmental Damage Estimations for Industrial Process Chains 1

ByGuido Sonnemann, Marta Schuhmacher, Francesc Castells

chapter 11|35 pages

Site-Dependent Impact Analysis 1

ByGuido Sonnemann, Ralph O. Harthan, Karl-Michael Nigge, Marta Schuhmacher, Francesc Castells

chapter 12|33 pages

Applications of Environmental Impact Analysis in Industrial Process Chains

ByFrancisco Sánchez-Soberón, Montserrat Mari, Vikas Kumar, Julio Rodrigo, Montserrat Meneses, Haydée Yrigoyen, Francesc Castells, Marta Schuhmacher