In Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs: Extreme Application, operations experts from multiple space agencies, with support from spaceflight researchers, outline existing and proposed operations for selecting, training, and supporting space crews who currently live and work on the International Space Station, and who are preparing for future missions to the moon and Mars.

Highlighting applied psychology in spaceflight whilst acknowledging real-world complexities that occur when integrating across an international, multi-agency collective, this volume provides both historical and current perspectives toward spaceflight operations, with expert contributions from NASA and international partners such as the Japanese Space Agency, Russian space researchers, and the Canadian Space Agency. Helpfully outlining the progress that has been made so far, this book includes topics such as the selection and hiring of astronauts, the process of training a crew for a mission to Mars, and workload and mission planning. Discussing operational psychology in space and on the ground, this book looks to the future of research and operational needs for future missions to Mars, with an essay from astronaut Dr. Don Pettit on his experiences in space and how the Mars mission will challenge us in new ways.

This second of two volumes will be of interest to professionals in the field of human factors and psychology in extreme environments.

chapter 1|15 pages

Ethical Considerations Associated with Exploration and Analog Environment Research

ByKristen Pryor, Cliff Haimann, Eric Dunleavy

chapter 2|18 pages

Psychological Selection for Extreme Environments

ByLacey L. Schmidt, Annette C. Spychalski

chapter 3|27 pages

Out Of This World Jobs

Alternative Work Analysis and Validation Methods in Extreme Environments
ByLaura Galarza, Julie A. Steinke, Jamie D. Barrett

chapter 4|18 pages

Applying Research-Based Training Principles

Toward Crew-Centered, Mission-Oriented Space Flight Training
ByDonna L. Dempsey, Immanuel Barshi

chapter 5|19 pages

Team Training for Long-Duration Space Exploration

A Look Ahead at the Coming Challenges
ByNatalie Croitoru, Tiffany M. Bisbey, Eduardo Salas

chapter 6|14 pages

Mitigating the Impact of Communication Delay

ByUte Fischer, Kathleen Mosier

chapter 7|18 pages

Behavioral Health Adaptation in ICE Environments

Process and Countermeasures for NASA Astronauts
ByWalter E. Sipes, Kelley J. Slack, Gary E. Beven

chapter 8|22 pages

Space Flight Operational Psychological Support for Astronauts and Their Families

ByJessica L. Hughlett, Elizabeth T. Turner, Kelley J. Slack, Walter E. Sipes

chapter 9|23 pages

Extremely Stressed and Extremely Bored

Team Self-Maintenance in Long-Duration Space Exploration
ByDeborah DiazGranados, Jessica L. Wildman, Michael T. Curtis

chapter 10|25 pages

Working in Space

Managing Transitions between Tasks
ByJessica Mesmer-Magnus, Alina Lungeanu, Alexa Harris, Ashley Niler, Leslie A. DeChurch, Noshir Contractor

chapter 11|20 pages

The Human Factors of Design for Spaceflight

ByKritina Holden, Gordon Vos, Jessica J. Marquez

chapter 12|9 pages


The Power of Higher-Order Goals for Space Exploration
ByKathryn E. Keeton, David Musson

chapter 13|17 pages

Behavioral Health and Performance for Long-Duration Missions

ByChristopher F. Flynn

chapter 14|13 pages

The Canadian Space Agency and Human Behavior and Performance in Space

Historical Overview
ByLeena Tomi, Marvin Lange

chapter 15|12 pages

Astronaut Selection at JAXA – from the BHP Perspective

ByNatsuhiko Inoue

chapter 16|22 pages

Selected Russian Contributions to Spaceflight

ByLauren Blackwell Landon, Kelley J. Slack, Eduardo Salas

chapter 17|4 pages

The Blue Dot

ByDon Pettit