ABSTRACT

The previous edition of the International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors made history as the first unified source of reliable information drawn from many realms of science and technology and created specifically with ergonomics professionals in mind. It was also a winner of the Best Reference Award 2002 from the Engineering Libraries

part |2 pages

Part I

chapter |4 pages

Cognitive Engineering

chapter |8 pages

Core Competencies in Ergonomics

chapter |5 pages

Cultural Ergonomics

chapter |4 pages

Defining Ergonomics/Human Factors

chapter |2 pages

Design

chapter |5 pages

Ecological Approach

chapter |1 pages

Ergonomic Society of Sweden (ESS)

chapter |1 pages

Ergonomics in the Nordic Countries

chapter |1 pages

Finnish Ergonomics Society

chapter |4 pages

Fundamental Concepts of Human Factors

chapter |3 pages

Human Factors, Politics and Power

chapter |2 pages

Iceland: Icelandic Ergonomics Society

chapter |1 pages

IEA Definitions of Ergonomics

chapter |3 pages

Iranian Ergonomics Society

chapter |1 pages

Ireland: Irish Ergonomics Society

chapter |2 pages

Israel: Israel Ergonomics Society

chapter |3 pages

Japan: Japan Ergonomics Society

chapter |3 pages

Macroergonomics

chapter |4 pages

Ontology

chapter |4 pages

Person-Centered Ergonomics

chapter |1 pages

Poland: Polish Ergonomics Society

chapter |5 pages

Scenario-Based Design

chapter |1 pages

Spain: Spanish Ergonomics Association

chapter |1 pages

Taiwan: Ergonomics Society of Taiwan

chapter |5 pages

Task Analysis

chapter |3 pages

The Ergonomics Society

chapter |4 pages

Universal Design for the Aging

part |2 pages

Part II

chapter |4 pages

Alternative Controls

chapter |1 pages

Anaerobic Threshold

chapter |1 pages

Anthropometry

chapter |3 pages

Anthropometric Databases

chapter |11 pages

Anthropometry of Children

chapter |1 pages

Anthropometric Terms

chapter |5 pages

Anthropometric Topography

chapter |6 pages

Assessment of Team Cognition

chapter |10 pages

Auditory Ergonomics

chapter |5 pages

Automaticity and Skill

chapter |5 pages

Keyword: Body Sizes of Americans

chapter |5 pages

Cognitive Flexibility

chapter |3 pages

Conceptualization of Risk

chapter |2 pages

Dynamic Muscle Strength

chapter |2 pages

Engineering Anthropometry

chapter |4 pages

Event-Related Potentials and Ergonomics

chapter |5 pages

Foot Biomechanics

chapter |4 pages

Gaze-Based Control

chapter |4 pages

Gesture-Based Control

chapter |12 pages

Hand Grip and Pinch Strength

chapter |9 pages

Hand Grip Torque Strength

chapter |4 pages

Hand Grip Characteristics and Strength

chapter |1 pages

Human Muscle

chapter |6 pages

Humor

chapter |3 pages

Human Alarm Handling Response Times

chapter |4 pages

Information Processing

chapter |13 pages

An Introduction to Neurophysiology

chapter |7 pages

Knowledge Representation

chapter |4 pages

Lifting Biomechanics and Strategies

chapter |6 pages

Models of Attention

chapter |6 pages

Multiple Resources

chapter |2 pages

Keyword: Muscle Strength

chapter |2 pages

Keyword: Muscle Terms — Glossary

chapter |1 pages

Keyword: Human Musculo-Skeletal System

chapter |4 pages

Physical Ability Testing

chapter |2 pages

Physical Work Capacity (PWC)

chapter |6 pages

Postural Adaptation

chapter |5 pages

Principles of Simple Movements

chapter |3 pages

Psychophysiological Fitness for Work

chapter |19 pages

Push and Pull Data

chapter |4 pages

Pushing and Pulling Strengths

chapter |3 pages

Recumbents

chapter |5 pages

Sleeping Postures

chapter |2 pages

Static and Dynamic Strength

chapter |2 pages

Static Muscle Strength

chapter |5 pages

Strength Testing

chapter |14 pages

Transient Effects in Vision

chapter |11 pages

Torque Data

chapter |6 pages

Trunk Muscle Force Models

chapter |3 pages

Visual Perception, Age, and Driving

part |2 pages

Part III

chapter |4 pages

Activity

chapter |6 pages

Activity Theory

chapter |4 pages

Arousal States and Human Performance

chapter |1 pages

Body Postures

chapter |4 pages

Brain and Muscle Signal-Based Control

chapter |4 pages

Burnout

chapter |4 pages

Combination Manual Handling Tasks

chapter |4 pages

Comfort–Discomfort Phase Change

chapter |4 pages

Constraints in Design Decision-Making

chapter |5 pages

Critical Reappraisal of Activity Theory

chapter |3 pages

Cybersickness in Virtual Reality

chapter |6 pages

Design Cognition

chapter |3 pages

Designing for Body Strength

chapter |5 pages

Driver Perception–Response Time

chapter |4 pages

Dynamic Situations

chapter |7 pages

Emotions and Design

chapter |4 pages

Error Taxonomies*

chapter |4 pages

Fatigue and Driving

chapter |4 pages

Human Error

chapter |3 pages

Human Real-Time Processing

chapter |5 pages

Human Reliability Analysis

chapter |4 pages

The Knee at Work

chapter |8 pages

Learning and Forgetting

chapter |4 pages

Lifting Techniques

chapter |4 pages

Manual Materials Handling in Multiple Person Teams

Marilyn A. Sharp*, Diane Pietila* and Valerie J. Berg Rice

chapter |2 pages

Mental Fatigue and Related Phenomena

chapter |5 pages

Mental Models

chapter |5 pages

Mental Workload

chapter |4 pages

Mental Workload Measurement

chapter |5 pages

Work Motivation — State of the Art

chapter |2 pages

Occupational Stress Mechanisms

chapter |13 pages

Physical Demands of Work

chapter |5 pages

Signal Detection Theory

chapter |5 pages

Situation Awareness

chapter |6 pages

Situation Awareness and Decision-Making

chapter |4 pages

Situation Awareness in Teams

chapter |5 pages

Skill Learning: Augmented Feedback

chapter |4 pages

Skill Learning: Conditions of Training

chapter |7 pages

Sleeping Systems

chapter |6 pages

Sleeping Systems: Design Requirements

chapter |4 pages

Standing Work

chapter |4 pages

Static Load

chapter |4 pages

Static Work Capacity

chapter |5 pages

Stimulus–Response Compatibility

chapter |2 pages

Subjective Mental Workload Assessment

chapter |4 pages

The Substance of Cognitive Modeling

chapter |4 pages

Systemic Situation(al) Awareness

chapter |5 pages

Tolerance to Shiftwork

chapter |4 pages

Vigilance

chapter |4 pages

Visual Measurement: Modern Methods

chapter |2 pages

Work Ability

chapter |4 pages

Work Design: Age-Related Policies

part |2 pages

Part IV

chapter |7 pages

Accessible Web Page Design

chapter |3 pages

Alarm Initiated Activities

chapter |3 pages

Auditory Alerts in Avionics

chapter |3 pages

Auditory Warnings

chapter |4 pages

Augmented Reality

chapter |6 pages

Automatic Speech Recognition

chapter |5 pages

Chinese Keyboard Input

chapter |3 pages

Cognitive Walkthrough for the Web

chapter |5 pages

Evaluation of Graphical Symbols

chapter |3 pages

Dynamic Function Allocation

chapter |5 pages

Ecological Interface Design — Theory

chapter |6 pages

Ergonomics of CAD Systems

chapter |4 pages

Evaluation of Warning Effectiveness

chapter |4 pages

HCI Hypermedia: Usability Issues

chapter |9 pages

Human Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (H-FMEA)

Operating Error Recognition and Avoidance
ByEkkehart Frieling, Ellen Schäfer, Thomas Fölsch

chapter |3 pages

Human–Computer Interaction (HCI)

chapter |5 pages

Hypertext and Hypermedia

chapter |2 pages

Information Security

chapter |3 pages

Interactive Speech Technology

chapter |5 pages

Internet and the World Wide Web

chapter |7 pages

Knowledge Management in HCI Design

chapter |5 pages

Medical Virtual Reality Simulators

chapter |5 pages

Mobile HCI with Physical Selection

chapter |6 pages

Models of Graphical Perception

chapter |5 pages

Multimedia Production

chapter |5 pages

Multimodal Interaction

chapter |6 pages

Product Sensorial Quality

chapter |4 pages

Search Tools for the Web

chapter |3 pages

Sonification

chapter |3 pages

Speech-Based Alarm Displays

chapter |8 pages

Synthetic Vision Systems

chapter |3 pages

Top Ten Mistakes in Web Design

chapter |4 pages

Use of Icons in User Interfaces

chapter |6 pages

Use of Modern Chinese Language

chapter |3 pages

User-Centered Graphic Design

chapter |9 pages

Video Telephony

chapter |4 pages

Virtual Environments

chapter |5 pages

Virtual Reality

chapter |4 pages

Voice-Enhanced Interface

chapter |6 pages

VR Technology for Ergonomics Design

chapter |7 pages

Warnings

part |2 pages

Part V

chapter |5 pages

Chinese Characters and Computer Input

chapter |5 pages

Computer Mouse Use

chapter |5 pages

Design and Use of Displays

chapter |5 pages

Handwheels

chapter |4 pages

Keyboards

chapter |13 pages

Legibility of Colored Print

chapter |6 pages

Manual Control Devices

chapter |5 pages

Multivariate Visual Displays

chapter |10 pages

A New Taxonomy for Display Selection

chapter |9 pages

Photometry: An Ergonomic Perspective

chapter |3 pages

Pointing Devices

chapter |3 pages

Predictive Displays

chapter |3 pages

Visual Display Height

chapter |8 pages

Visual Display Technology

chapter |4 pages

Visual Displays in HCI

chapter |4 pages

Warning Design

part |2 pages

Part VI

chapter |5 pages

Active Safety in Car Design

chapter |8 pages

Analysis of Office Systems

chapter |8 pages

Anthropometry for Design

chapter |4 pages

Consumer Product Design

chapter |4 pages

Creativity in Product Design

chapter |6 pages

Design of Automobile Interiors

chapter |6 pages

Ergonomic Product Design

chapter |12 pages

Ergonomic Workstation Design

chapter |10 pages

Ergonomics of Cockpits in Cars

chapter |7 pages

Evaluation of Work Chairs

chapter |5 pages

Handtools

chapter |5 pages

Human–Robot Interaction

chapter |3 pages

Instruments and Design

chapter |4 pages

Laptop Computer Use

chapter |3 pages

Performance Prosthetic Hands

chapter |3 pages

Product Development Approach

chapter |4 pages

Product Usability Evaluation

chapter |4 pages

Safety in Public Offices in Italy

chapter |5 pages

Socially Centered Design

chapter |4 pages

Tactical Cockpit Technology

chapter |6 pages

Usability of Medical Devices

chapter |5 pages

Usability of Mobile Phone

chapter |5 pages

Virtual Workplace Design

chapter |4 pages

Wearable Computers

chapter |5 pages

Wheelchairs

chapter |4 pages

Workstations Organization

part |2 pages

Part VII

chapter |3 pages

Definitions of Synthetic Environments

chapter |6 pages

Environmental Ergonomics

chapter |5 pages

Free Flight

chapter |2 pages

Human Exposure to Vibration

chapter |8 pages

Illumination: Basic Definitions

chapter |7 pages

Lighting Equipment and Lighting Systems

chapter |4 pages

Mental Workload under Thermal Stress

chapter |5 pages

Noise at Work

chapter |16 pages

Noise: Definitions

chapter |4 pages

Thermal Comfort

chapter |4 pages

Tolerance to Sustained G

chapter |4 pages

Toxicology

part |2 pages

Part VIII

chapter |4 pages

Accident Analysis and “Human Error”

chapter |4 pages

Adaptive Automation

chapter |4 pages

Affordances

chapter |2 pages

Automation in Vehicles

chapter |4 pages

Compatibility

chapter |4 pages

Creating Pleasurable Products

chapter |2 pages

Engineering Principles of Ergonomics

chapter |7 pages

Ergodynamics

chapter |6 pages

The Ergonomic Qualities of Products

chapter |4 pages

Evaluation of Software Usability

chapter |8 pages

Human Factors in Land Transportation

chapter |7 pages

Human Factors in Space Flight

chapter |4 pages

Human Factors and Ergonomics Testing

chapter |5 pages

Human Factors System Design

chapter |5 pages

Intelligent Transportation Systems

chapter |4 pages

Process Control

chapter |4 pages

Rail Transport

chapter |5 pages

Usability Evaluation

chapter |3 pages

Utility Analysis

part |2 pages

Part IX

chapter |4 pages

Air Traffic Management

chapter |8 pages

Air Traffic Management System Design

chapter |5 pages

Balance Theory of Job Design

chapter |4 pages

Change Management

chapter |5 pages

Community Ergonomics: Applications

chapter |6 pages

Cross-Cultural Factors in Macroergonomics

*and E.
ByJärvenpää

chapter |5 pages

Design of Shift Systems for Shiftwork

chapter |4 pages

Distributed Mission Training

chapter |5 pages

The Ergonomic Buddy System

chapter |5 pages

Ergonomic Process in Small Industry

chapter |4 pages

Ergonomics and Production Philosophies

chapter |3 pages

Ergonomics/Human Factors Audits

chapter |4 pages

Error Management Training

chapter |5 pages

Healthy Work Organization

chapter |4 pages

Incentive Systems

chapter |6 pages

Inspection

chapter |5 pages

Job Rotation

chapter |5 pages

Organizational Behavior and Ergonomics

chapter |4 pages

Organizational Culture and Development

chapter |7 pages

Participatory Innovation

chapter |6 pages

Participatory Ergonomics

chapter |6 pages

Quality and Ergonomics in Concert

chapter |6 pages

Rapid Macroergonomic Redesign

chapter |8 pages

Risk Management

chapter |8 pages

Safety Culture

chapter |10 pages

Safety Management Systems

chapter |4 pages

Self-Managed Work Teams

chapter |4 pages

Service Quality and Ergonomics

chapter |6 pages

Shift Work

chapter |4 pages

Shift Work and Sleep

chapter |5 pages

Shift Work Health Consequences

chapter |3 pages

Shift Work Stress

chapter |3 pages

Situational Awareness Issues at Work

chapter |4 pages

Sociotechnical Systems Analysis

chapter |4 pages

Sociotechnical Theory

chapter |5 pages

Systems Approach to Training

chapter |4 pages

Team-Building

chapter |5 pages

Team Effectiveness and Competencies

chapter |4 pages

Team Performance

chapter |4 pages

Team Training

chapter |9 pages

Team Training for Aircraft Maintenance

chapter |4 pages

Teamwork

chapter |7 pages

Technology Transfer

chapter |5 pages

Time Aspects in Assembly Line Design

chapter |6 pages

Training Evaluation

chapter |4 pages

Usability and Product Design

chapter |5 pages

User-Centered Design: Needs Analysis

chapter |6 pages

Work Organization Interventions

chapter |4 pages

Working Time

part |2 pages

Part X

chapter |5 pages

Agriculture

chapter |4 pages

Back Belts

chapter |18 pages

Building and the Construction Industry

chapter |4 pages

Construction

chapter |5 pages

Fall Accidents Among the Elderly

chapter |1 pages

Health and Safety Ergonomics

chapter |6 pages

Motor Vehicle Safety

chapter |17 pages

Occupational Biomechanics

chapter |5 pages

Occupational Health and Ergonomics

chapter |5 pages

Occupational Injury

chapter |1 pages

P5–P95 Syndrome

chapter |4 pages

Robot Safety Standard — R15.06

chapter |4 pages

Slaughterhouses

chapter |4 pages

Slip, Trip, and Fall Accidents

chapter |5 pages

Slips and Falls

chapter |4 pages

The Strain Index

part |2 pages

Part XI

chapter |4 pages

Communication Processes in Small Groups

chapter |4 pages

Economic Models for Ergonomists

chapter |9 pages

Education: The Teaching of Ergonomics

chapter |7 pages

Enhancing Industrial Performance

chapter |4 pages

Ergonomics and Quality of Life

chapter |8 pages

Forensic Human Factors/Ergonomics

chapter |7 pages

Job Demands and Occupational Health

chapter |3 pages

Low-Cost Ergonomics Improvements

chapter |4 pages

Organizational Culture and Safety

chapter |4 pages

Socially Centered Design

chapter |5 pages

SYMLOG in Ergonomics

chapter |4 pages

Telework

chapter |4 pages

Types of Organizational Designs

part |2 pages

Part XII

chapter |8 pages

Activity and Other Sampling Methods

chapter |5 pages

Basic Ergonomics Checklists

chapter |2 pages

Cognitive Systems Engineering

chapter |5 pages

Cognitive Task Analysis

chapter |4 pages

Communication Analysis

chapter |4 pages

Content Analysis: Hypermedia Design

chapter |7 pages

The Critical Decision Method

chapter |5 pages

Data Mining in Ergonomics

chapter |2 pages

Design Methodology

chapter |5 pages

Determining Usability Test Sample Size

chapter |4 pages

DIALOG: Human Reliability Assessment

chapter |4 pages

Digital Human Models for Ergonomics

chapter |8 pages

Electromyography: Fundamentals

chapter |3 pages

Empirical Methods: Experiments

chapter |7 pages

Ergograms

chapter |5 pages

Ergonomic Methods: Selection Criteria

chapter |6 pages

Heart Rate as Strain Index

chapter |4 pages

Heuristic Evaluation

chapter |8 pages

Hierarchical Task Analysis

chapter |6 pages

Human Body Positioning Analysis

chapter |6 pages

Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods

chapter |3 pages

Interviews

chapter |2 pages

Job Load and Hazard Analysis

chapter |3 pages

Manual Task Risk Assessment

chapter |5 pages

Measurement of Human Movement

chapter |5 pages

Methods of Software Evaluation

chapter |8 pages

Metrics and Measurement of Usability

chapter |6 pages

Noise: Metrics and Equipment

chapter |4 pages

Observation

chapter |6 pages

Prevention of Work Injury

chapter |8 pages

Psychophysiological Methods

chapter |4 pages

Questionnaires

chapter |18 pages

Research Design Basics

chapter |5 pages

Sources of Error in Ergonomics Research

chapter |5 pages

Survey Design

chapter |5 pages

A Survey of Ergonomics Methods

chapter |4 pages

Taguchi Method for Ergonomic Design

chapter |3 pages

Task Analysis for Error Identification

chapter |5 pages

Task Analysis in Industry

chapter |3 pages

Verbal Protocol Analysis

part |2 pages

Part XIII

chapter |3 pages

Munehira Akita

chapter |3 pages

Earl A. Alluisi

chapter |3 pages

John Annett

chapter |2 pages

M. M. Ayoub

chapter |2 pages

Frederic Charles Bartlett

chapter |1 pages

Corwin Bennett

chapter |2 pages

Paul Branton

chapter |3 pages

Donald Eric Broadbent (1926–1993)

chapter |2 pages

Don B. Chaffin

chapter |3 pages

Alphonse Chapanis (1917–2002)

chapter |2 pages

Marvin J. Dainoff

chapter |3 pages

Harry L. Davis

chapter |1 pages

Otto Gustav Edholm (1909–1985)

chapter |1 pages

Jean-Marie Faverge

chapter |3 pages

Paul Morris Fitts

chapter |3 pages

Etienne Grandjean

chapter |3 pages

Antonio Grieco (1931–2003)

chapter |3 pages

Kunie Hashimoto

chapter |3 pages

Hal W. Hendrick

chapter |2 pages

Wojciech Bogumil Jastrzebowski

chapter |2 pages

Karl H. E. Kroemer

chapter |2 pages

Ross A. McFarland

chapter |2 pages

Neville Moray

chapter |2 pages

Koiti Motokawa

chapter |2 pages

Vladimir M. Munipov

chapter |2 pages

Mitsuo Nagamachi

chapter |2 pages

Takao Ohkubo

chapter |2 pages

Masamitsu Oshima

chapter |2 pages

Longin Paluszkiewicz (1925–1989)

chapter |4 pages

Bernardino Ramazzini

chapter |3 pages

Walter Rohmert

chapter |2 pages

William B. Rouse

chapter |2 pages

Gavriel Salvendy

chapter |1 pages

Heinz Schmidtke

chapter |1 pages

Thomas B. Sheridan

chapter |4 pages

Karl U. Smith

chapter |3 pages

Stover H. Snook

chapter |3 pages

Sadao Sugiyama

chapter |1 pages

Wesley (Wes) Woodson

chapter |27 pages

Published Ergonomics Literature