Forever Chemicals: Environmental, Economic, and Social Equity Concerns with PFAS in the Environment provides the reader with an understanding of the complex and interwoven issues associated with per- and polyfluorinated substances (PFAS) in our environment. The chapters provide in-depth perspective into various issues, including health, regulation, detection, clean-up strategies and technologies, and more. Taken together or as the reader’s interests lead them, the variety of topics covered in the book present a balanced perspective on this complex topic.

It will address the current state of PFAS and where indicators are pointing for future developments. The book is also a deeper investigation of the regulatory challenges, analytical hurdles, and toxicological progress to date for the suite of PFAS chemicals.


  • Explains the trends that will affect future policy and regulatory decisions
  • Looks holistically at 4000+ PFAS chemicals
  • Includes PFAS risk assessments at contaminated sites and biomonitoring insights
  • Provides in-depth discussions on remediation technologies
  • Illustrates quality and diversified content
  • Provides a balanced perspective on this complex topic

section Section I|142 pages

Social Concerns

chapter 1|19 pages


Today and Tomorrow
ByLeeAnn Racz, David M. Kempisty

chapter 2|28 pages

Fluorine Free Foams

Transitioning Guide
ByIan Ross, Peter Storch, Ted Schaefer, Niall Ramsden

chapter 3|36 pages

PFASs in Consumer Products

Exposures and Regulatory Approaches
BySimona Andreea Ba˘lan, Qingyu Meng

chapter 4|11 pages

Regulatory Implications of PFAS

ByJ. Alan Roberson

chapter 5|20 pages

The Analytical Conundrum

ByTaryn McKnight

chapter 6|24 pages

Landfills as Sources of PFAS Contamination of Soil and Groundwater

ByNanthi Bolan, Son A. Hoang, Yubo Yan, Sammani Ramanayaka, P. Koliyabandara, Gayathri Chamanee, Hasintha Wijesekara, Raj Mukhopadhyay, Binoy Sarkar, Meththika Vithanage, M. B. Kirkham

section Section II|44 pages

Toxicology and Epidemiology

chapter 7|15 pages

Exposure to PFAS

Biomonitoring Insights
ByKayoko Kato, Julianne Cook Botelho, Antonia M. Calafat

chapter 8|26 pages

State of the Science for Risk Assessment of PFAS at Contaminated Sites

ByJeanmarie Zodrow, Jennifer Arblaster, Jason Conder

section Section III|152 pages


chapter 9|21 pages

Advances in Remediation of PFAS-impacted Waters

ByJohn Anderson, Pingping Meng, Tim Sidnell, Ian Ross

chapter 10|24 pages

Effectiveness of Point- of-Use/Point-of-Entry Systems to Remove PFAS from Drinking Water

ByCraig Patterson, Jonathan B. Burkhardt, Donald Schupp, E. Radha Krishnan, Stephen Dyment, Steven Merritt, Lawrence Zintek, Danielle Kleinmaier

chapter 11|19 pages

Removing PFAS from Water

From Start to Finish
ByCaitlin Berretta, Thomas Mallmann, Kyle Trewitz, David M. Kempisty

chapter 12|16 pages

Rapid Removal of PFAS from Investigation-derived Waste in a Pilot-scale Plasma Reactor

ByRaj Kamal Singh, Nicholas Multari, Chase Nau-Hix, Richard H. Anderson, Stephen D. Richardson, Thomas M. Holsen, Selma Mededovic Thagard

chapter 14|23 pages

Novel Cyclodextrin Polymer Adsorbents for PFAS Removal

ByYuhan Ling, Gokhan Barin, Shan Li, Matthew J. Notter

chapter 15|24 pages

Modeling Water Treatment Performance and Costs for Removal of PFAS from Drinking Water

ByJonathan B. Burkhardt, Richard H. Anderson, Rajiv Khera, Levi M. Haupert, Patrick Ransom, David G. Wahman, Page Jordan, Jonathan G. Pressman, Marc A. Mills, Thomas F. Speth