ABSTRACT

Buildings influence people. They account for one third of energy consumption across the globe and represent an annual capital expenditure of 7%-10% of GNP in industrialized countries. Their lifetime operation costs can exceed capital investment. Building Engineering aims to make buildings more efficient, safe and economical. One branch of this discipline, Building Physics/Science, has gained prominence, with a heightened awareness of such phenomena as sick buildings, the energy crisis and sustainability, and considering the performance of buildings in terms of climatic loads and indoor conditions. The book reflects the advanced level and high quality of research which Building Engineering, and Building Physics/Science in particular, have reached at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will be a valuable resource to: engineers, architects, building scientists, consultants on the building envelope, researchers and graduate students.

part 1|256 pages

Building materials

part 1.1|32 pages

Moisture buffering

chapter |7 pages

Experimental investigation of the hygric buffering capacity of wood based interior paneling

ByAndreas Holm, Hartwig M. Künzel

chapter |8 pages

Transient moisture transfer between spruce plywood and humid air

ByO.F. Osanyintola, P. Talukdar, C.J. Simonson

chapter |6 pages

Hygric buffering capacities of uncoated and coated gypsum board

ByS. Roels, H. Janssen, J. Carmeliet, Jan Diepens, M. de Wit

part 1.2|104 pages

Hygrothermal properties

chapter |8 pages

Hygric and thermal properties of an alkali activated aluminosilicate material

ByR. Černý, L. Zuda, J. Drchalová, J. Toman, P. Rovnaníková, P. Bayer

chapter |8 pages

On validation of hygric characteristics for heat, air, moisture models

ByM. Bomberg, M. Pazera, J.S. Zhang

chapter |6 pages

A multi-physics model for cyclic loading

ByP. Moonen, J. Carmeliet

chapter |8 pages

Dynamical interactions between heat and mass flows in Lime-Hemp Concrete

ByA. Evrard, A. De Herde, J. Minet

chapter |6 pages

Hygrothermal simulation of masonry under atmospheric excitation

ByH. Janssen, J. Carmeliet

chapter |7 pages

Determination of porosity related property changes in bricks after penetration with paraffin

ByR. Majdalani, C. Hecht, J. Dreyer

chapter |5 pages

Hydrophilic mineral wool materials: The effect of fiber orientation

ByP. Michálek, M. Jiřičková, Z. Pavlík, R. Černý

chapter |9 pages

Moisture performance characteristics of OSB and spruce plywood exterior sheathing products

ByTuomo Ojanen, Jarkko Ahonen, Carey J. Simonson

chapter |8 pages

Liquid water transport in wood: Towards a mesoscopic approach

ByW. Zillig, H. Janssen, J. Carmeliet, D. Derome

chapter |8 pages

Measurement of water retention and moisture conductivity at transient conditions

ByR. Plagge, G. Scheffler, J. Grunewald

part 1.3|33 pages

Salt transport

chapter |8 pages

The influence of salt on hygrothermal behaviour of building materials

ByM. Koniorczyk, D. Gawin

chapter |8 pages

Combining expansion/shrinkage monitoring and X-ray measurement for water and salt transport in calcium silicate beam

ByA.-S. Poupeleer, J. Carmeliet, S. Roels, D. Van Gemert

chapter |6 pages

Inverse modeling of salt diffusion and advection in building materials

ByZ. Pavlík, M. Jiřičková, L. Fiala, R. Černý

chapter |9 pages

Incorporation of salt related effects into a hygrothermal transport model

ByM. Funk, A. Nicolai, J. Grunewald

part 1.4|29 pages

Experimental procedures

chapter |5 pages

An X-ray apparatus for advanced construction related moisture research

ByG.H. Galbraith, P.H. Baker, D. Bailly, R.C. McLean

chapter |5 pages

Effect of airflow velocity on moisture exchange at surfaces of building materials

ByL.H. Mortensen, C. Rode, R. Peuhkuri

chapter |7 pages

Performance of edge sealing systems used in moisture transport experiments

ByK. Svennberg, I. Segerholm

part 1.5|24 pages

Degradation and durability

chapter |6 pages

Biodegradation of VC-VAc copolymer under the effect of microorganisms

ByA. El Aghoury, R.K. Vasudeva, D. Banu, M. Elektorowicz, D. Feldman

chapter |8 pages

Influences of acid rain on the neutralization process

ByY. Kishimoto, S. Hokoi, K. Harada, F. Watanabe, S. Takada

part 1.6|32 pages

Vacuum insulation panels

chapter |8 pages

Vacuum insulated building envelopes

ByW.M. Willems, K. Schild

chapter |8 pages

On the performance of vacuum insulated panels and sandwiches

ByW.M. Willems, K. Schild

chapter |6 pages

Edge loss minimization in vacuum insulation panels

ByT.I. Thorsell

part |250 pages

Building envelopes

part 2.1|28 pages

Envelope systems

chapter |9 pages

Moisture atlas for building envelopes

ByP. Häupl, Heiko Fechner, Ulrich Ruisinger

chapter |8 pages

Probabilistic modeling of the heat loss performance of a building envelope

ByK. Pietrzyk, C.-E. Hagentoft

chapter |8 pages

BEPAT – Building envelope performance assessment tool: Validation

ByM. Horvat, P. Fazio

part 2.2|33 pages

Double facades and windows

chapter |5 pages

Acoustical performances of Ventilated Double Glass Façades

ByM. Blasco, C. Crispin, B. Ingelaere

chapter |8 pages

Performance assessment of innovative transparent active envelopes through measurements in test cells

ByC. Micono, M. Perino, V. Serra, F. Zanghirella, M. Filippi

part 2.3|122 pages

Walls

chapter |5 pages

New model for the hygrothermal calculation of condensate on the external building surface

ByM. Krus, D. Rösier, K. Sedlbauer

chapter |9 pages

Building envelope performance monitoring and modeling of West Coast rainscreen enclosures

ByG. Finch, J. Straube, B. Hubbs

chapter |8 pages

The Rijksmuseum Amsterdam – hygrothermal analysis and dimensioning of thermal insulation

ByJ. Grunewald, U. Ruisinger, P. Häupl

chapter |8 pages

Hygrothermics of wooden beam ends in envelope parts of buildings

ByH. Stopp, P. Strangfeld

chapter |9 pages

Establishing a uniform and measurable moisture source to evaluate the drying capacity of building envelope systems

ByP. Fazio, Q. Mao, A. Alturkistani, S. Vera, J. Rao

chapter |8 pages

Climate adapted wooden cladding design – field investigation and numerical validation

ByK. Nore, W. Zillig, J.V. Thue

chapter |8 pages

Ventilation drying in walls with vapor impermeable claddings

ByXing Shi, Eric Burnett

chapter |8 pages

Measured ventilation rates in water managed wall cavities

ByM.R. Bassett, S. McNeil

chapter |7 pages

Test method to study the water shedding effectiveness of drip-edge of metal flashing

ByS. Saneinejad, H. Doshi, M. Horvat

chapter |8 pages

Learning from experience – an analysis of process induced building defects in Norway

ByK.R. Lisø, T. Kvande, J.V. Thue

chapter |8 pages

Optimization of passive application of phase-change materials in building walls

ByW.H. van der Spoel, J.J.M. Cauberg

part 2.4|53 pages

Roofs

chapter |8 pages

Understanding air barriers in mechanically attached low slope roofing assemblies for wind uplift

ByA. Baskaran, S. Molleti, R.J. Booth

chapter |7 pages

Hygrothermal performance of unfinished attics (ventilated roofs) – an experimental study

ByAndreas Holm, Kristin Lengsfeld

chapter |8 pages

Convection phenomena in loose-fill attics – tests and simulations

ByC. Ciucasu, J. Gilles, D. Ober, T. Petrie, E. Arquis

chapter |6 pages

Evaluating the energy performance of ballasted roof systems

ByA. Desjarlais, T. Petrie, W. Miller, R. Gillenwater, D. Roodvoets

chapter |9 pages

Solar factor for ventilated roofs

ByC. Ciucasu, J. Gilles, D. Ober, T. Petrie

part 2.5|12 pages

Sub-grade

chapter |6 pages

New design model for frost protection of a slab on grade

ByPeter Roots, Carl-Eric Hagentoft

part |238 pages

Whole buildings

part 3.1|10 pages

Building engineering

part 3.2|44 pages

Whole building HAM

chapter |8 pages

Whole building approach and hygrothermal risk analysis

ByH. Hens, J. Carmeliet, S. Roels, H. Janssen

chapter |8 pages

Simulation tests in whole building heat and moisture transfer

ByCarsten Rode, Ruut Peuhkuri, Monika Woloszyn

chapter |8 pages

CFD modelling of HAM transport in buildings: Boundary conditions

ByH.-J. Steeman, C. T’Joen, A. Willockx, M. De Paepe, A. Janssens

chapter |4 pages

The influence of construction material moisture on the indoor humidity and surface conditions

ByT. Bednar, J. Dreyer, M. Teibinger

chapter |8 pages

Moisture management in the building process – experience from four projects

ByE. Sikander, K.N. Mjörnell

part 3.3|134 pages

Energy

chapter |7 pages

“Exergy” – conscious design in the built environment

ByD. Schmidt

chapter |8 pages

Second law analysis of HVAC systems for office buildings

ByZhen Tao Wei, Radu Zmeureanu

chapter |8 pages

A low-energy building under arctic conditions – a case study

ByCasper Roland Norling, Carsten Rode, Svend Svendsen, Jesper Kragh, Gregers Reimann

chapter |7 pages

Empirical validation of solar gain modeling in building energy simulation codes using test cells in IEA Task 34/Annex 43

ByH. Manz, P. Loutzenhiser, T. Frank, R. Steiner, G. Reber, P. Oelhafen

chapter |8 pages

Effects of passive solar heat on energy use and indoor temperatures in residential buildings

ByH. Bagge, A. Nilsson, A. Elmroth

chapter |8 pages

Mathematical model of the thermal performance of a dome-covered house

ByY. Lin, R. Zmeureanu

chapter |9 pages

Energy performance of timber houses in Northern Italy

ByF. Cappelletti, F. Peron, P. Romagnoni, A. Ceccotti, M. Fregonese

chapter |5 pages

Radiative cooling in buildings for climatic concept of Morocco

ByT. Mouhib, M. Benlattar, A. Mouhsen, M. Harmouchi, E.M. Oualim, P. Defrance, J.P. Vigneron

chapter |8 pages

Economy, energy and ecology based comparison of heating systems in dwellings

ByJ. Van der Veken, H. Hens, L. Peeters, L. Helsen, W. D’haeseleer

chapter |6 pages

Earth-air heat exchangers: Performance prediction assessment

ByM. De Paepe, M. Steeman, A. Janssens

chapter |6 pages

Thermal mass in office buildings

ByM.T. Gorgolewski, Z. Liao, R. Clarida

part 3.4|50 pages

Ventilation and air leakage

chapter |8 pages

Modeling of indoor-outdoor air-exchange in a multi-unit residential building

ByP. Karava, A. Athienitis, T. Stathopoulos, J.T. Reardon

chapter |8 pages

Exploration of a transient method for measurements of airtightness

ByBjörn Mattsson, Johan Claesson

chapter |7 pages

Reduced-scale air modeling technique for naturally ventilated buildings

ByC.E. Walker, L.R. Glicksman

chapter |9 pages

Performance evaluation of hybrid ventilation system for residential buildings

ByH. Yoshino, S.H. Yun, J.H. Lee, J. Wada

chapter |6 pages

CFD study of natural ventilation between multiple spaces with stratification

ByJason Brown, Ruchi Choudhary

chapter |8 pages

Airflow between houses and their roofs

ByE.A. Essah, C.H. Sanders, G.H. Galbraith, R.C. McLean

part |108 pages

Indoor environment

part 4.1|46 pages

Thermal comfort

chapter |7 pages

Normative thermal comfort assessment

ByC.S. Park, G. Augenbroe, S. Makarechi, J. Brown

part 4.2|36 pages

Daylighting and acoustics

chapter |8 pages

Use of low cost photosensitive sensors in scale models for daylighting studies

ByP.S. Scarazzato, M.H. Yamanaka, D.C.L. Pereira, F. Ciampini

chapter |7 pages

Utilization of daylight in offices; monitoring in a sample of ten buildings

ByE.R. van den Ham, T.J. Haartsen

chapter |9 pages

Experimental assessment of environment performance of different typologies of light pipes

ByC. Aghemo, V. Serra, V.R.M. Lo Verso

part 4.3|26 pages

Indoor air quality

chapter |7 pages

Simulating transient particle deposition/re-suspension in indoor environments

ByB. Hu, J.D. Freihaut, W.P. Bahnfleth, B. Thran

chapter |8 pages

A new approach for the IEQ (Indoor Environment Quality) assessment

ByStefano P. Corgnati, Marco Filippi, Marco Perino

part |138 pages

Outdoor environment

part 5.1|33 pages

Climate change and sustainable design

chapter |8 pages

Climate change, hygrothermal modeling and the indoor environment

ByM.C. Phillipson, C.H. Sanders, G.H. Galbraith, R.C. McLean

chapter |7 pages

The climate adapted design of buildings: An easy way for the optimization

ByBruno Keller, Tian Yuan, Eugen Magyari

chapter |6 pages

Climate adapted building design for Hesquiaht First Nation School

ByV. Mikler, C. Love

chapter |9 pages

Sustainable construction – a simplified methodology for optimal design

ByS. Pushkar, R. Becker, A. Katz

part 5.2|35 pages

Wind driven rain

chapter |8 pages

CFD wind-driven rain simulations and their use for HAM modeling

ByB. Blocken, S. Roels, J. Carmeliet

chapter |8 pages

Comparison of measured and modelled driving rain data on a historic building with standard assessment methods

ByA. Kumaraperumal, P.H. Baker, C.H. Sanders, G.H. Galbraith, R.C. McLean

chapter |8 pages

Numerical modeling of impact, runoff and drying of wind-driven rain on a window glass surface

ByJ. Carmeliet, M. Rychtáriková, B. Blocken

chapter |9 pages

CFD and full scale examination of the pressure distribution around a building corner

ByC. Li, J. Franke, M.H. de Wit

part 5.3|68 pages

Weather and buildings

chapter |9 pages

Local wind speed near exterior building surfaces for convective transfer coefficients

ByB. Blocken, H. Janssen, S. Roels, D. Derome, J. Carmeliet

chapter |8 pages

Urban Building Physics: A CFD study of the Venturi-effect in non-parallel passages between buildings

ByB. Blocken, T. Stathopoulos, J. Carmeliet

chapter |8 pages

Upgraded weather forecast control of building heating systems

ByA. Sasic Kalagasidis, R. Taesler, C. Andersson, M. Nord

chapter |6 pages

Statistical analysis of wooden cladding moisture response to climate parameters

ByK. Nore, K.R. Lisø, J.V. Thue