ABSTRACT

Although work furniture has had so much more attention recently there is a long way to go before this is translated into action in the wider world. Increased international concern for the health and safety of people at work is one of the driving forces behind this book.; The Science of Seating brings together researchers in ergonomics and posture with industrial designers, to review and assess the current state of chair design, with implications for cultural, behavioural and occupational aspects of health. The contributions are a significant step in the science of seating and should lead to a better understanding of the mechanics, dynamics and the effects of seating on the sitter.; They point to ways in which seats might become easier-to-use and adjust, offering both comfort and postural support without compromising freedom of movement: and in the not-too-distant furture, "the intelligent chair" will "remember" the sitter's preferences for position, cushiness and so on.; Topics covered include: Adjustability, Anthropometics, Posture, Back Pain, Biomechanics, Seat Pressure Distributions, School children, Special Needs of Users, Design Applications, Industry Perspectives, VDT Standards.; It is aimed at researchers and practising seating designers, ergonomists, design engineers, occupational health workers and physiotherapists and furniture manufacturers.

part Part I|6 pages

Introduction

chapter |4 pages

Introduction

ByRani Lueder, Kageyu Noro

part Part II|69 pages

Adjustability

chapter 1|15 pages

Sashaku : a user-oriented approach for seating

ByK. Noro

chapter 2|11 pages

Adjustability in context

ByRani Lueder

chapter 3|10 pages

Three myths of ergonomic seating

ByMarvin J. Dainoff

chapter 4|11 pages

Use of adjustable VDT stands in an office setting

ByPaul Cornell, Doug Kokot

chapter 5|17 pages

VDT chair and work-surface heights

ByKeiichi Ohno, Gonzaburo Sakazume, Masayuki Iwasaki

part Part III|39 pages

Anthropometrics

chapter 7|15 pages

Anthropometry and advanced ergonomic chairs

ByMarvin J. Dainoff, James Balliett, Phillip Goernert

part Part IV|27 pages

Posture

chapter 8|13 pages

Effects of posture on mental performance : we think faster on our feet than on our seat

ByMax Vercruyssen, Kevin Simonton

chapter 9|11 pages

Our posture dictates perception

ByYutaka Haruki, Masao Suzuki

part Part V|34 pages

Back pain

chapter 10|9 pages

Low back pain and seating

ByTom Bendix

chapter 11|8 pages

Continuous passive lumbar motion in seating

ByS. M. Reinecke, R. G. Hazard

chapter 12|7 pages

Effects of body position and centre of gravity on tolerance of seated postures

ByS. Reinecke, G. Weisman, M. H. Pope

chapter 13|6 pages

Influence of furniture height on posture and back pain

ByA. C. Mandal

part Part VI|39 pages

Biomechanics

chapter 14|11 pages

Sitting (or standing?) at the computer workplace

ByK. H. E. Kroemer

chapter 15|12 pages

Measurement of lumbar and pelvic motion during sitting

BySteven Reinecke, Kevin Coleman, Malcolm Pope

chapter 16|13 pages

Does it matter that people are shaped differently, yet backrests are built the same?

ByR. Lueder, E. N. Corlett, C. Danielson, G.C. Greenstein, J. Hsieh, R. Phillips

part Part VII|35 pages

Seat pressure distributions

chapter 17|9 pages

The biomechanical relationship of seat design to the human anatomy

ByJoseph A. Sember

chapter 18|23 pages

The biomechanical assessment and prediction of seat comfort

ByClifford M. Gross, Ravindra S. Goonetilleke, Krishna K. Menon, Jose Carlos N. Banaag, Chandra M. Nair

part Part VIII|42 pages

School children

chapter 19|11 pages

A fuzzy expert system for allocating chairs to elementary school children

ByKagey Noro, Takeshi Fujita

chapter 20|9 pages

The prevention of back pain in school children

ByA. C. Mandal

chapter 21|10 pages

Fitting the chair to the school child in Korea

ByAm Cho

chapter 22|8 pages

A procedure for allocating chairs to school children

ByTomoko Hibaru, Toshiko Watanabe

part Part IX|35 pages

Users with special needs

part Part X|55 pages

Design applications

chapter 25|11 pages

Seating and access to work

ByE. N. Corlett, H. Gregg

chapter 26|27 pages

An ergonomic study of dynamic seating

ByY. Suzuki, T. Sugano, T. Kato

chapter 27|13 pages

The functional requirements of forward-tilting office chairs

ByMitsuaki Shiraishi, Yoshiyuki Ueno

part Part XI|43 pages

Industry perspectives

chapter 28|14 pages

Evaluating office chairs with value analysis

ByKozi Morooka, Hiroyuki Takeshita

chapter 29|7 pages

Towards systematic descriptions of chair performance

ByChristin Grant, Neil Goldberg

chapter 30|9 pages

Office seating and movement

ByIda Festervoll

chapter 31|9 pages

The study of lumbar motion in seating

ByHector Serber

part Part XII|12 pages

Ergonomics standards and legislative trends

chapter 32|10 pages

Ergonomics standards and legislative trends for VDTs

ByMark C. Volesky, Paul F. Allie

part Part XIII|6 pages

Overview

chapter 33|4 pages

Office 2000

ByLeonard B. Kruk