The main driving force behind the development of new applications for chitin and its derivative chitosan lies with the fact that these polysaccharides represent a renewable source of natural biodegradable polymers. Since chitin is the second most abundant natural polymer, academic as well as industrial scientists are faced with a great challenge to find new and practical applications for this material. This book provides an examination of the state of the art, and discusses new applications as well as potential products. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan deals almost exclusively with applications. Previous books in the field have devoted less than 30% of their material to commercial or medical uses.
In the past thirty years, substantial progress has been made on fundamental and applied research in chitosan technology. One of the driving forces behind this rapid development has been the decrease in the supply of natural resources. At the same time there has been an increased realization that there are abundant alternative bioresources. Two factors-economics and versatility-have also stimulated interest in chitosan's utilization in various fields. Chitin and chitosan derivatives have applications in fields that range from fertilizers to pharmaceuticals. Chitosan is no longer just a waste by-product from the seafood processing industry. This material is now being utilized by industry to solve problems and to improve existing products, as well as to create new ones.

Applications of Chitin and Chitosan is illustrated with over 100 photos, charts, graphs and figures and more than 40 tables.
Applications of Chitin and Chitosan will be of interest to industrial personnel involved in bioprocessing as well as bioengineering students, specialists in the biomedical and biopharmaceutical industry, biochemists, food engineers, environmentalists, and microbiologists and biologists who specialize in chitosan technology. Publication: Fall 1996.

part Part I|54 pages


chapter Chapter 1|27 pages

Applications and Properties of Chitosan

ByQ. Li, E. T. Dunn, E. W. Grandmaison, M. F. A. Goosen

chapter Chapter 2|24 pages

Applications of Chitin and Chitosan in the Ecological and Environmental Fields

ByShigehiro Hirano

part Part II|58 pages

Structure and Properties

chapter Chapter 3|21 pages

Chitin Structure and Activity of Chitin-Specific Enzymes

ByMaria L. Bade

chapter Chapter 4|9 pages

β-Chitin and Reactivity Characteristics

ByKeisuke Kurita

chapter Chapter 5|14 pages

Characterization and Solution Properties of Chitosan and Chitosan Derivatives

ByM. Rinaudo, M. Milas, J. Desbrières

chapter Chapter 6|10 pages

Soluble Precursors for Efficient Chemical Modifications of Chitin and Chitosan

ByKeisuke Kurita

part Part III|89 pages

Food and Agriculture

chapter Chapter 7|13 pages

Chitosans as Dietary Food Additives

ByRiccardo A. A. Muzzarelli, Massimo De Vincenzi

chapter Chapter 8|12 pages

Enhancing Food Production with Chitosan Seed-Coating Technology

ByDonald Freepons

chapter Chapter 9|13 pages

Inhibition of Molting in Chewing Insect Pests

ByMaria L. Bade

chapter Chapter 10|16 pages

Properties of Insect Chitin Synthase: Effects of Inhibitors, γ-S-GTP, and Compounds Influencing Membrane Lipids

ByMichael Londershausen, Andreas Turberg, Monika Ludwig, Bärbel Hirsch, Margarethe Spindler-Barth

chapter Chapter 11|14 pages

New Applications of Chitin and Its Derivatives in Plant Protection

ByHenryk Struszczyk, Henryk Pospieszny

chapter Chapter 12|17 pages

Chitinolytic Enzymes in Selected Species of Veterinary Importance

ByMichael Londershausen, Turberg Andreas

part Part IV|75 pages

Medicine and Biotechnology

chapter Chapter 14|22 pages

Chitosan-Alginate Affinity Microcapsules for Isolation of Bovine Serum Albumin

ByF. A. Goosen Mattheus, Osei-Wusu Achaw, W. Grandmaison

chapter Chapter 15|23 pages

Structure and Isolation of Native Animal Chitins

ByMaria L. Bade

part Part V|27 pages

Textiles and Polymers

chapter Chapter 16|16 pages

Fine Structure and Properties of Filaments Prepared from Chitin Derivatives

ByG. W. Urbanczyk

chapter Chapter 17|9 pages

Graft Copolymers

ByKeisuke Kurita

part Part VI|25 pages

Wastewater Treatment

chapter Chapter 18|23 pages

Applications of Chitosan for the Elimination of Organochlorine Xenobiotics from Wastewater

ByJ. P. Thomé, C.H. Jeuniaux, M. Weltrowski