Outlining successful breeding techniques to augment the yields of the world's major crops, this reference analyzes the physiological and genetic basis for past and potential future increases in crop yields.;Covering crops with wide differences in morphology, photosynthetic rates, and nitrogen metabolisms, Genetic Improvement of Field Crops: investigates the changes produced by breeders in the physiological attributes affecting wheat grain yield and nitrogen content during the last century; discusses those crop characteristics of oats that have already been altered or might be manipulated through breeding to further increase yield potential; describes several genetic factors responsible for both yield potential and stress resistance in barley; offers insights into the relationship between increases in the yield potential and stress tolerance of corn; examines the evolution of sunflower crop yields and yield stability and estimates the contribution of improved cultivars; evaluates the effects of breeding on tuber characteristics related to the crop growth and yield of the potato; elucidates the possibilities for simultaneous improvement of yield and fiber strength in cotton; and identifies the features to be considered in the development of high yielding varieties of rice for different agricultural systems.;Providing nearly 1600 key literature citations allowing further in-depth study of particular topics, Genetic Improvement of Field Crops is for plant physiologists and breeders, crop and agricultural scientists, agronomists, biochemists, geneticists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

chapter 1|68 pages

Increases in Grain Yieid in Bread Wheat from Breeding and Associated Physiological Changes

ByGustavo A. Slafer, Emilio H. Satorre, Fernando H. Andrade

chapter 2|26 pages

Productivity of Oats: Genetic Gains and Associated Physiological Changes

ByPirjo Peltonen-Sainio

chapter 3|87 pages

Progress in Barley Breeding

ByLuigi Cattivelli, Giovanni Delogu, Valeria Terzi, Stanca A. Michele

chapter 4|54 pages

Physiological Basis of the Genetic Improvement of Corn

ByMatthijs Tollenaar, Desmond E. McCullough, Lianne M. Dwyer

chapter 5|50 pages

Genetic Improvement in Soybean: Physiological Attributes

ByJames R. Frederick, John D. Hesketh

chapter 6|34 pages

Physiological Characteristics Related to Yield Improvement in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

ByVíctor O. Sadras, Francisco J. Villalobos

chapter 7|40 pages

Genetic Contributions to Yield in Cotton

ByThomas W. Culp

chapter 8|51 pages

Genetic improvement and Associated Physiological Changes in the Potato

ByDaniel O. Caldiz

chapter 9|43 pages

Genetic Improvement in Physiological Traits of Rice Yield

ByAshraf Mohammad, Akbar Muhammad, Salim Muhammad