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# Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields

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Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields book

# Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields

DOI link for Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields

Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields book

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## ABSTRACT

**
**

**Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields **includes the contributions to the 10th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (BCRRA 2017, 28-30 June 2017, Athens, Greece). The papers cover aspects related to materials, laboratory testing, design, construction, maintenance and management systems of transport infrastructure, and focus on roads, railways and airfields. Additional aspects that concern new materials and characterization, alternative rehabilitation techniques, technological advances as well as pavement and railway track substructure sustainability are included. The contributions discuss new concepts and innovative solutions, and are concentrated but not limited on the following topics:

· Unbound aggregate materials and soil properties

· Bound materials characteritics, mechanical properties and testing

· Effect of traffic loading

· In-situ measurements techniques and monitoring

· Structural evaluation

· Pavement serviceability condition

· Rehabilitation and maintenance issues

· Geophysical assessment

· Stabilization and reinforcement

· Performance modeling

· Environmental challenges

· Life cycle assessment and sustainability

**Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields **is essential reading for academics and professionals involved or interested in transport infrastructure systems, in particular roads, railways and airfields.

## TABLE OF CONTENTS

part 1|76 pages

Subgrade soils

chapter 1|7 pages

#### Evaluation of a resilient modulus model for unsaturated soil conditions

chapter 2|9 pages

#### Investigating correlations between stiffness indexes for Brazilian soils

chapter 3|5 pages

#### Analysis of compaction and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test results of a mixture of iron ore tailings with Brazilian tropical soil in different proportions for road construction purposes

chapter 4|5 pages

#### Suitability assessment of soils for pavement subgrade using gyratory compaction and bearing capacity testing

chapter 5|6 pages

#### Experimental and statistical investigation of the mechanical properties of limestone rocks in Lebanon

chapter 6|9 pages

#### Application of pattern classification techniques for anisotropic characterization of pavement foundations

chapter 7|8 pages

#### Plastic strains of a compacted clayey soil under repeated axial loading

chapter 8|7 pages

#### Estimation of shakedown loads of flexible pavements

part 2|100 pages

Unbound granular materials

chapter 11|6 pages

#### Structural characteristics of unbound aggregate materials in conventional flexible pavements

chapter 12|8 pages

#### Investigation of resilient modulus values for base aggregates

chapter 13|8 pages

#### Unsaturated resilient strain behaviours of a granular material

chapter 14|8 pages

#### Laboratory investigation on unbound materials used in a highway with premature damage

chapter 15|8 pages

#### An investigation into relevance between fractal dimension and dynamic behavior of pure granular materials

chapter 16|8 pages

#### Experimental characterization of unbound granular materials subjected to high harmonic loads

chapter 17|9 pages

#### Numerical simulation and laboratory testing of unbound base course materials considering the effect of temperature

chapter 18|8 pages

#### Some recent research on the hydraulic conductivity of road materials

chapter 19|7 pages

#### Laboratory investigations of thermal properties of crushed rock materials

chapter 20|7 pages

#### Stiffness and permanent deformation characteristics of open-graded unbound granular materials

chapter 21|8 pages

#### Characterisation of permanent deformation behaviour of unbound granular materials using repeated load triaxial testing

chapter 22|10 pages

#### Implementation of shakedown and packing theories for unbound granular materials

part 3|139 pages

Asphalt mixes

chapter 23|5 pages

#### Experimental study on the effects of angular rate on the torsional shear property of asphalt mixture

chapter 24|8 pages

#### Comparison of flexural strength and crack propagation test characteristics of SMA mixtures including the ageing impact

chapter 25|7 pages

#### Computational study of the influence of form and angularity of coarse aggregates in the linear viscoelastic properties of asphalt mixtures

chapter 26|8 pages

#### Linear viscoelastic behaviour of bituminous mixtures with multi-Recycled Asphalt Pavement

chapter 27|7 pages

#### Apps for modal analysis to characterize the complex modulus of asphalt concrete

chapter 28|5 pages

#### An implementation of the Illinois flexibility index testing protocol for balanced asphalt mix designs

chapter 29|8 pages

#### Laboratory evaluation of stiffness and fatigue susceptibility of asphalt paving materials incorporating environmental factors

chapter 30|6 pages

#### Laboratory test and numerical simulation of microwave heating properties of asphalt mixture

chapter 31|6 pages

#### Influence of lateral confining pressure on flow number tests

chapter 32|7 pages

#### Degradation of asphalt mixtures due to impact method of compaction

chapter 33|8 pages

#### Evaluation of mixing temperature impact on warm mix asphalt performance

chapter 34|7 pages

#### Effect of compaction temperatures on the warm mix asphalt volumetrics and stability

chapter 35|5 pages

#### Comparison of DSR and BBR tests for determining the Performance Grade (PG) of asphalt binder at low temperature

chapter 36|8 pages

#### Aging of bituminous binders in asphalt pavements and laboratory tests

chapter 37|7 pages

#### Effects of mineral fillers and bitumen on ageing of asphalt mastics properties

chapter 38|8 pages

#### Development of empirical models for the estimation of the rheological properties of asphalt binders

chapter 39|8 pages

#### An alternative method for determining thermal stress in asphalt binder based on Laplace transform

chapter 40|6 pages

#### Laboratory investigation of physical performance and FT-IR analysis of warm mix asphalt binders

chapter 41|5 pages

#### Study of asphalt binder diffusion using atomic force microscopy

part 4|106 pages

Performance of asphalt mixes with additives

chapter 42|7 pages

#### Performance properties of asphalt mixture containing Linz-Donawitz (LD) steel slag

chapter 43|7 pages

#### Feasibility study on a thermoset polymer-coated emulsified warm-mix asphalt mixture

chapter 44|8 pages

#### Effect of new types of synthetic waxes designed for low-temperature asphalt mixtures

chapter 45|6 pages

#### An investigation of the mechanical properties of rubber modified asphalt mixtures using a modified dry process

chapter 46|7 pages

#### Rutting performance of bituminous mixtures composed with red mud

chapter 48|6 pages

#### Comparative investigation on the reinforcing effects of polymer-based fiber into bituminous mixtures

chapter 49|7 pages

#### Fibre behaviour and influence on the properties of asphalt mortar

chapter 50|8 pages

#### Effect of waste metallic particles on asphalt induction heating

chapter 51|9 pages

#### Improving the raveling resistance of porous asphalt with kraft lignin modified bitumen

chapter 52|5 pages

#### Usage of ion-irradiated recycled polypropylene as modifier in bituminous binder

chapter 53|8 pages

#### Chemical and physical properties of an asphalt binder modified by the sap of Euphorbia Tirucalli plant: Application in bituminous prime coat

chapter 54|5 pages

#### Physical properties of sepiolite clay nanofibers modified bitumen

chapter 55|6 pages

#### High temperatures performance investigation of geopolymer modified bitumen binders

part 5|81 pages

Effect of traffic loading

chapter 56|7 pages

#### Effects of super heavy trucks on the condition of road infrastructure

chapter 57|9 pages

#### Dynamic pavement response coefficient to estimate the impact of variation in dynamic vehicle load

chapter 58|8 pages

#### Dynamic behavior of flexible inelastic pavements under moving loads

chapter 59|7 pages

#### Responses and performance of flexible pavements in cold climate due to heavy vehicle loading

chapter 60|7 pages

#### Impact of overloaded vehicles on load equivalency factors and service period of flexible pavements

chapter 61|8 pages

#### Implications of changing the maximum legal truck load for the pavement service life

chapter 62|8 pages

#### Modeling of dynamic loads in pavement structural response models

chapter 63|8 pages

#### Impact of longer and heavier vehicles on the performance of asphalt pavements: A laboratory study

chapter 64|5 pages

#### Investigation of influence of heavy traffic loads on asphalt pavement response by SAFEM

chapter 65|7 pages

#### The increase of pavement cost due to the traffic overloads

part 6|66 pages

Structural design methods

chapter 66|8 pages

#### A comparison of mechanistic-empirical pavement design methods for Norwegian conditions

chapter 67|8 pages

#### Tool for enhancing the 1993 AASHTO pavement design method to incorporate the dynamic modulus of asphalt mixture

chapter 68|7 pages

#### Determination of AASHTO 1993 layer coefficients considering time- and temperature-dependency of the asphalt mixture

chapter 69|6 pages

#### A mechanistic empirical design concept for low volume flexible pavement using unbound granular materials with application of concentration factor in a layered system

chapter 70|6 pages

#### Perpetual flexible pavement design life

chapter 71|5 pages

#### Mechanistic-empirical pavement design for unpaved roads: Development of a damage function for structural rutting

chapter 73|5 pages

#### Effect of treated subgrade layer on mechanistic-empirical pavement design

chapter 74|8 pages

#### Comparison of practice for aggregate use in road construction—results from an international survey

part 7|117 pages

In-situ measurements techniques and monitoring

chapter 75|6 pages

#### Influences of measurement conditions on structural indicators obtained from FWD data

chapter 76|6 pages

#### A comparison of TSD and FWD deflections at Norwegian roads with an interpretation of bearing capacity from TSD measurements

chapter 77|4 pages

#### Assessment of pavement structures at traffic speed

chapter 78|6 pages

#### Integration of traffic speed deflectometer and ground penetrating radar for network-level roadway structure evaluation

chapter 79|8 pages

#### Methods for calculating deflections from traffic speed deflectometer data and impacts on pavement design

chapter 80|6 pages

#### Quality control tool for asphalt emulsion-based chip seal curing times

chapter 81|5 pages

#### F/HWD international round robin tests on the STAC’s test facility

chapter 82|8 pages

#### Reproducibility of decisions for rehabilitation of existing roads based on deflection measurements with curviameter or FWD

chapter 83|7 pages

#### Investigation of sampling strategy on estimating strains in flexible pavements through Response Surface Method (RSM)

chapter 84|6 pages

#### Effectiveness of Spectral Analysis of Surface Waves (SASW) method for pavement evaluation

chapter 85|7 pages

#### Continuous health monitoring of asphalt concrete pavements using surface-mounted battery-free wireless sensors

chapter 86|8 pages

#### Instrumentation to evaluate the field performance of composite overlays using accelerated pavement testing

chapter 87|8 pages

#### Assessment of the bearing capacity of pavements using fiber optic sensors

chapter 88|7 pages

#### Subgrade cracking monitoring using distributed optical fiber sensing technique

chapter 89|6 pages

#### Ensuring reliable robust FWD measurements on the English road network

chapter 90|8 pages

#### Inferring pavement layer properties from a moving measurement platform

chapter 91|5 pages

#### Effect of embedment scheme on damage detection performance of self-powered pavement monitoring sensor

part 8|75 pages

Backcalculation analyses of deflection measurements

chapter 93|9 pages

#### A layered pavement structural and remaining capacity model by analysis of FWD and TSD data

chapter 94|7 pages

#### Determination of an optimum backcalculation cross-section for flexible pavements

chapter 95|8 pages

#### Backcalculation of asphalt concrete moduli using field-measured strain

chapter 96|8 pages

#### Optimization of deflection bowl measurements

chapter 97|8 pages

#### Evolution of asphalt modulus from falling weight deflectometer tests and challenges associated with its interpretation and applications: A case study using LTPP data

chapter 98|7 pages

#### Application of falling weight deflectometer for the estimation of in-situ shear strength parameters of subgrade layer

chapter 99|6 pages

#### A model to adjust the falling weight deflections due to temperature variations

chapter 100|7 pages

#### Development of a frequency temperature correction model for FWD back-calculated moduli based on frequency-temperature superposition principle

part 9|88 pages

Structural evaluation

chapter 101|6 pages

#### Evaluation of soil bearing capacity by plate load test

chapter 102|5 pages

#### Variability of Light Weight Deflectometer during laboratory and field applications for subgrade soils under variable moisture conditions

chapter 103|4 pages

#### Comparing CBR values obtained from field with laboratory test results

chapter 104|7 pages

#### Contribution to lateritic soils calibration using the dynamic penetrometer PANDA

chapter 105|7 pages

#### Using QC LWD data for improving pavement design and management in Chile and Peru

chapter 106|7 pages

#### E* prediction algorithm for pavement quality control assessment

chapter 107|5 pages

#### Implementation of modulus-based quality control testing for pavement construction in Thailand

chapter 108|6 pages

#### A practical non-destructive testing based approach to improve the quality of the asphalt compaction process

chapter 109|6 pages

#### Predicting roller-compacted concrete properties from mixture proportions

chapter 110|7 pages

#### Bearing capacity assessment of a flexible pavement subjected to seasonal effects

chapter 111|5 pages

#### Evaluation of pavement load bearing capacity comprised of insulation layers during thaw season

chapter 112|8 pages

#### Evaluation of cement-bitumen treated material bearing capacity by in-situ tests

chapter 113|6 pages

#### Quality assurance of traffic-speed structural condition surveys

part 10|122 pages

Pavement serviceability condition

chapter 114|6 pages

#### Non-destructive crack identification for concrete pavements: A case study

chapter 115|8 pages

#### Review of pavement cracking data collection practices

chapter 116|7 pages

#### Structural Health Monitoring of pavement assets through acoustic signature

chapter 117|8 pages

#### Automated patch detection and quantification for pavement evaluation

chapter 118|8 pages

#### Challenges when modelling ravelling in porous friction courses

chapter 119|8 pages

#### Data driven frameworks for classifying pavement surface anomalies based on pattern recognition techniques and smartphone technology

chapter 120|5 pages

#### Advanced analysis of pavement longitudinal profiles for rehabilitation diagnostic

chapter 121|8 pages

#### In-lab versus on-site measurement of surface performance of flexible pavements

chapter 122|6 pages

#### Comparative laboratory evaluation of macro texture depth of chip seal samples using sand patch and outflow meter test methods

chapter 123|8 pages

#### Evaluation of highway pavement skid resistance performance made of Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC)

chapter 124|6 pages

#### A laboratory evaluation on skid resistance performance of surface coatings manufactured by both natural aggregates and by-products

chapter 125|6 pages

#### Estimating new road rolling resistance using neural networks

chapter 126|6 pages

#### Pavement performance and durability through rational design

chapter 127|6 pages

#### Sampling functional condition indices at traffic-speed

chapter 128|7 pages

#### Assessment of tire-pavement noise by using On-Board Sound Intensity (OBSI) method in the State of Qatar

chapter 129|6 pages

#### Investigation of tire-pavement noise level using On-Board Sound Intensity (OBSI) system

chapter 130|8 pages

#### Overview of California studies on noise reduction for asphalt and concrete surfaces

part 11|76 pages

Rehabilitation and maintenance issues

chapter 131|6 pages

#### Assessment of the efficiency of pavement surface rehabilitation techniques

chapter 132|5 pages

#### Assessment of shotblasting moving speed for pavement preservation—a pilot-case study

chapter 133|8 pages

#### Precast concrete pavements for rapid rehabilitation of high traffic volume highways—US state of practice

chapter 134|7 pages

#### Road bridge decks sealing, joints and pavement practice, the Greek motorway experience

chapter 135|8 pages

#### An efficiency based approach to multi-year network-level maintenance programming

chapter 136|7 pages

#### Road asset valuation system using long term pavement data analysis

chapter 137|8 pages

#### Why PWL is a better quality measure for developing PRS

chapter 138|5 pages

#### Effect of neglected maintenance for the Austrian State road network

chapter 139|9 pages

#### A low cost method of real time pavement condition data sharing to expedite maintenance intervention

chapter 140|6 pages

#### Macroeconomic and external costs caused by inefficient pavement management: Empirical evidence from the A9 motorway in Germany

part 12|163 pages

Stabilization and reinforcement

chapter 141|8 pages

#### The stabilization of a soft soil subgrade layer using a new sustainable binder produced from free-cement blending of waste materials fly ashes

chapter 142|8 pages

#### Geosynthetic impact on subgrade bearing capacity and their possible improvement

chapter 143|7 pages

#### Swelling pressure and consolidation of soft clay stabilized with bagasse ash and lime

chapter 144|6 pages

#### US highway 65 emergency pavement subgrade improvement

chapter 145|8 pages

#### Influences of curing conditions on strength and microstructure of lime-amended fly ash

chapter 146|6 pages

#### Compressive and tensile behaviour of polymer-treated pavement foundation materials

chapter 147|7 pages

#### Pavement subgrade soil bearing capacity as influenced by stabilization process

chapter 148|9 pages

#### Pavement design considerations for subgrades stabilized with recycled materials

chapter 149|6 pages

#### Design of mortars for controlled modulus columns: From laboratory to field experiments

chapter 150|6 pages

#### Implication of the mechanically stabilised granular layer for access road over saline soils at uranium in situ leaching mine in South Kazakhstan

chapter 151|8 pages

#### Sustainable field applications of quarry byproducts mixed with large size unconventional aggregates

chapter 153|4 pages

#### Mechanical characteristics and insolubilization effect of incineration bottom ash from MSW using aging method

chapter 154|6 pages

#### Analytical and numerical design approaches for stabilized road pavement base layers

chapter 155|7 pages

#### Geosynthetic sub-base stabilization of roads and artificial turf installations

chapter 156|8 pages

#### Geogrid in paved and unpaved road systems: A review of mechanisms and design mehods

chapter 157|8 pages

#### Laboratory evaluation of triangular aperture geogrid reinforced flexible pavements

chapter 158|6 pages

#### In situ damage evaluation of geogrid used in asphalt concrete pavement

chapter 159|7 pages

#### High-performance synthetic microfibers for the structural reinforcement of hot mix asphalts

chapter 160|6 pages

#### Bituminous pavements reinforcement with interlayer systems: Proposing a routine laboratory cyclic flexural testing procedure

chapter 161|8 pages

#### Assessment of fiber reinforced HMA and WMA mixes using viscoelastic continuum damage model

chapter 162|9 pages

#### Lifetime prediction of asphalt interlayer systems, and the correlation between a simplified design method and real cases

part 13|99 pages

Recycled materials and techniques

chapter 163|8 pages

#### Performance evaluation of a 100% recycled asphalt pavement mixture using a polymer binder: A pilot study

chapter 164|9 pages

#### Maximising asphalt recycling in road surface courses: The importance of a preliminary binder design

chapter 165|7 pages

#### Structural evaluation of cold recycling mixture with foamed asphalt

chapter 166|9 pages

#### Effects of vibratory and static compaction in laboratory to strength properties of cold recycled materials

chapter 167|8 pages

#### Towards high quality re-use of porous asphalt

chapter 168|5 pages

#### Mechanical performance of recycled aggregates in cyclic triaxial testing

chapter 169|8 pages

#### Performance of warm recycled mixtures in field trial sections

chapter 170|8 pages

#### Instrumented test section for analyzing the curing process of cold-recycled mixtures

chapter 171|9 pages

#### Sustainability evaluation of pavements using recycled materials

chapter 172|8 pages

#### Moisture effects on the properties of RAP-foamed bitumen mixtures

chapter 173|6 pages

#### Influence of bio-based additives on RAP clustering and asphalt binder rheology

chapter 174|7 pages

#### Evaluation of bituminous binders miscibility for warm-mix recycling techniques

part 14|185 pages

Performance modeling

chapter 175|9 pages

#### 3D-FE Modeling and dynamic response analysis of asphalt pavements subjected to FWD impact loads

chapter 176|8 pages

#### Road pavement responses estimated through finite element modeling analysis

chapter 177|7 pages

#### Infinite element technology of adaptive FEMOL applied in mechanical analysis of layered elastic systems for asphalt pavement

chapter 178|8 pages

#### Structural pavement responses using nonlinear finite element analysis of unbound materials

chapter 179|8 pages

#### 3D modeling and measuring of tire-pavement contact pressure

chapter 180|8 pages

#### Prediction of heavy vehicle impact on rut development using PEDRO model

chapter 181|8 pages

#### Evaluation of rutting potential in cold bituminous emulsion mixture using finite element analysis

chapter 182|8 pages

#### Pavement rutting prediction models for the coastal roads of southern Norway

chapter 183|7 pages

#### Analytical modeling of rutting for asphalt concrete pavement

chapter 184|8 pages

#### Permanent deformation measurements under flexible pavements using image correlation

chapter 185|8 pages

#### Prediction of HMA fatigue performances using different Visco-Elastic Continuum Damage (VECD) models

chapter 186|8 pages

#### Modelling of reflective cracking in composite pavements

chapter 187|8 pages

#### Research on cracking of asphalt pavement based on cohesive zone model and extended finite element method

chapter 188|6 pages

#### Fatigue performance evaluation of high modulus asphalt binder using the LAS test and S-VECD model

chapter 189|6 pages

#### Analysis of expansive reactions in cement concrete pavement structures by microscopical methods

chapter 190|7 pages

#### Influence of layer thickness on the flow of asphalt under simulated compaction

chapter 191|6 pages

#### Thin overlay analysis using finite element method

chapter 192|8 pages

#### A three-dimensional finite element analysis of temperature distribution in hot mix asphalt pothole repair

chapter 193|8 pages

#### Determination of asphalt layer thickness above which axle load-induced strains initiate top-down Cracking

chapter 194|8 pages

#### Cold and hot asphalt pavements modelling

chapter 195|8 pages

#### Assessment of moisture sensitivity of warm mix asphalt using advanced 3-D imaging technique

chapter 196|8 pages

#### Analysis of the relationship between asphalt mix design and functional performance

chapter 197|6 pages

#### Estimation of optimal pavement performance models for highways

chapter 198|5 pages

#### Performance evaluation of perpetual pavement after ten years

part 15|42 pages

Mechanics of layers interfaces

chapter 199|8 pages

#### Analysis of the behavior of pavement layers interfaces from in situ measurements

chapter 200|6 pages

#### Static and cyclic evaluation of interlayer bonding

chapter 201|8 pages

#### Characterization of the bond between asphalt layers and glass grid layer with help of a wedge splitting test

chapter 202|6 pages

#### Interface shear fatigue performance of asphalt pavement structures in function of normal stress and temperature

chapter 203|5 pages

#### Research on the crack resistance of HVASSAL based on the nonlinear contact between layers

chapter 204|6 pages

#### Effect of glass fibre grids on the bonding strength between two asphalt layers

part 16|65 pages

Geophysical assessment

chapter 205|7 pages

#### A comparative investigation of the pavement layer dielectrics by FDTD modelling and reflection amplitude GPR data

chapter 206|5 pages

#### Signal processing for optimisation of low-powered GPR data with application in transportation engineering (roads and railways)

chapter 207|8 pages

#### Pavement thickness evaluation with air-coupled GPR systems

chapter 208|6 pages

#### Imaging boulders using the Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) method

chapter 209|9 pages

#### Second-generation analysis approach for condition assessment of transportation infrastructure using Step-Frequency (SF) Ground-Penetrating-Radar (GPR) array system

chapter 210|5 pages

#### Soft soils boundaries detection by GPR (the Case of Port Antioquia Survey, Colombia)

chapter 211|8 pages

#### Study on the use of low field nuclear magnetic resonance for detecting asphalt aging

chapter 212|6 pages

#### Assessment of pavement structures using non-invasive imaging and geotechnical testing

chapter 213|5 pages

#### How to create a full-wave GPR model of a 3D domain of railway track bed?

part 17|190 pages

Airfield pavements structures

chapter 214|8 pages

#### Development of new FAA design procedures for extended airport pavement life

chapter 217|9 pages

#### Harmonizing PCN reporting on extended airport maneuver areas

chapter 218|6 pages

#### Towards airfield pavement design using cold recycled bound materials

chapter 219|9 pages

#### Design of rigid and flexible airfield pavements on cement-treated base

chapter 220|8 pages

#### Innovative construction techniques and functional verification on airfield pavements—a Dutch case study

chapter 221|5 pages

#### Effect of winter contaminants removal techniques on airfield pavement surfaces

chapter 222|9 pages

#### Comparing near surface aircraft pavement responses calculated by finite element and layered elastic methods

chapter 223|5 pages

#### Assessment of critical loading conditions on rigid airfield pavements by means of numerical simulation

chapter 224|8 pages

#### Domain analysis for airfield pavement: Moving forward from point responses

chapter 225|6 pages

#### Airfield pavement management program of Hellenic air force

chapter 226|6 pages

#### Nondestructive detection of voids under airfield pavement

chapter 227|8 pages

#### Effect of subbase quality on performance of rapid-setting replacement slabs for airfield pavements

chapter 228|6 pages

#### Implementing the traffic speed deflectometer for airfield runway assessment

chapter 231|7 pages

#### Preliminary analysis of pavement life indicators of large- and medium-hub airport runways

chapter 232|6 pages

#### Impact of joint filling materials on cracking in concrete gutters at large airfields

chapter 233|7 pages

#### Asphalt Pavement Analyzer—laboratory tool for characterization of rutting performance of airport pavement Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)

chapter 234|7 pages

#### Neural networks prediction of critical responses related to top-down and bottom-up cracking in airfield concrete pavement

chapter 235|9 pages

#### Influence of airfield pavement roughness and ponding on gear life and safety of commercial aircraft

chapter 236|7 pages

#### Life cycle cost analysis of runway reconstruction alternatives for commercial service airports

chapter 237|8 pages

#### Perpetual pavement responses under single and dual wheel aircraft gear loading

part 18|276 pages

Railway track structures

chapter 238|9 pages

#### Experimental study on cyclic deformation and particle breakage of railway ballast

chapter 239|5 pages

#### Ballast degradation analysis by Los Angeles Abrasion test and image analysis method

chapter 240|9 pages

#### Influence of parallel grading on hydro-mechanical characteristics of unsaturated fouled ballast

chapter 241|9 pages

#### Analysis and improvement of the dynamic track behaviour in transition zone

chapter 242|7 pages

#### Influence of water content and triaxial size effects on determination of bearing capacity of fouled ballast

chapter 243|6 pages

#### Roadbed improvement of an existing railway line located in cold region by reusing crushed deteriorated ballast

chapter 244|8 pages

#### Laboratory characterisation of rigid polyurethane foam reinforced ballast

chapter 245|6 pages

#### Engineering performance of steel slag as railway ballast

chapter 246|11 pages

#### Effect of temperature and traffic on mix-design of bituminous asphalt for railway sub-ballast layer

chapter 247|8 pages

#### Some results on the properties and behavior of railway ballast

chapter 248|5 pages

#### Theoretical assessment of railway ballast degradation under cyclic loading

chapter 249|7 pages

#### Performance testing of geogrid-stabilised ballast and sub-ballast subjected to high speed rail forces

chapter 250|6 pages

#### Cumulative deformation characteristic and shakedown limit of railway ballast under cyclic loading

chapter 252|9 pages

#### Track defects and the dynamic loads due to suspended (sprung) masses of railway vehicles

chapter 253|4 pages

#### Ensuring of railway ballast and subballast bearing capacity in terms of heavy axle load train operation

chapter 254|6 pages

#### Performance of track transition remedies implemented in high tonnage heavy axle load environment

chapter 255|6 pages

#### Design optimization of the modern tram track infrastructure in soft soil area

chapter 256|8 pages

#### Towards analytical asphalt trackbed design

chapter 257|9 pages

#### Study on the evaluation of track support stiffness of the ballasted track using the FWD

chapter 258|6 pages

#### Use of ballast support condition back-calculator for quantification of ballast pressure distribution under concrete sleepers

chapter 259|8 pages

#### Effect of stiffness and bearing capacity of railway components on track behaviour

chapter 260|7 pages

#### Laboratory evaluation of under-ballast mat effectiveness to mitigate differential movement problem in railway transition zones

chapter 261|7 pages

#### Bearing capacity evaluation of a subgrade in a heavy haul railway in Brazil

chapter 262|7 pages

#### Laser triangulation measurement system: Application on railway track

chapter 263|9 pages

#### Introduction of new systems for evaluation of ballast bearing capacity

chapter 264|6 pages

#### Evaluation of the ballast aggregates shape properties using digital image processing techniques

chapter 265|6 pages

#### Finite element model on stress distribution of ballasted railway subgrade and its validation

chapter 266|8 pages

#### Modeling the viscoplastic creep behavior of asphalt concrete for use in ballastless railway tracks in tunnels

chapter 267|8 pages

#### Effect of creep and destructuration under Sebou high speed railway line embankment

chapter 268|6 pages

#### Effect of uneven subgrade settlement in high-speed railway on double-block ballastless track regularity

chapter 269|4 pages

#### Railway track vibration and degradation under train operation

chapter 271|8 pages

#### Effects of model scale on lateral resistance characteristic of sleepers in railway ballasted tracks

chapter 273|6 pages

#### Study on the mechanism and inspection method of railway pumping

chapter 274|6 pages

#### Next problems with the railway prestressed sleepers cracking in concrete as an effect of delayed ettringite formation

part 19|116 pages

Environmental challenges

chapter 275|9 pages

#### Evaluation of Norwegian gradation based regulation for frost susceptibility of crushed rock aggregates in roads and railways

chapter 276|7 pages

#### Seasonal temperature distribution in rigid pavements

chapter 277|8 pages

#### Longitude profiling as a tool for evaluation of frost actions active pavement section

chapter 278|7 pages

#### A method to assess climate change induced damage on flexible pavements with machine learning

chapter 279|6 pages

#### Testing and modeling the behavior of water saturated asphalt concrete under freezing conditions in relation to pavement damaging

chapter 280|9 pages

#### Predicting subgrade soil strength using FWD and meteorological time series data

chapter 281|7 pages

#### Bearing capacity analysis of pavement structures for short term flooding events

chapter 282|5 pages

#### The importance of maintaining pavement roughness to reduce carbon footprint

chapter 283|8 pages

#### Thermal energy harvesting from asphalt pavement roadways

chapter 284|6 pages

#### Water-heat response of embankments on permafrost to increasing precipitation

chapter 285|4 pages

#### A water preservation base for pervious pavement of traffic road

chapter 286|9 pages

#### Applications of an innovative load bearing permeable concrete pavement

chapter 287|9 pages

#### Accumulation managing pavement—design, construction and performance for confined areas

chapter 288|7 pages

#### The effect of highway geometry on fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles operating in eco-driving mode

chapter 289|4 pages

#### Detoxication of the heavy metal ions in water resources by means of mineral geoantidotes

part 20|35 pages

Life cycle assessment and sustainability

chapter 290|8 pages

#### Sustainable pavement rehabilitation strategy using consequential life cycle assessment

chapter 291|7 pages

#### Sustainable implementation of future smart road solutions

chapter 292|6 pages

#### Life cycle assessment of an optimized network arch highway bridge utilizing timber

chapter 293|6 pages

#### Economic benefit calculation of quality improvements in road construction

chapter 294|5 pages

#### Pay adjustment of asphalt pavement based on the Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) and a brief case study in China

part 21|35 pages

Full-scale testing

chapter 295|6 pages

#### Deflections and dynamic responses of asphalt pavement with graded-broken-stone base

chapter 296|7 pages

#### Fast Falling Weight Deflectometer (FastFWD) for Accelerated Pavement Testing (APT)

chapter 297|7 pages

#### Pavement strengthening with respect to frost penetration

chapter 298|4 pages

#### Use of accelerated pavement testing for degree of risk due to road cavity

chapter 299|7 pages

#### Full-scale accelerated pavement testing of geogrid stabilized roads

part 22|36 pages

Case histories