Fungi that inhabit polar-region can grow and decompose organic compounds under subzero temperatures play important roles in the nutrient cycle of polar-region ecosystems. Thus, changes in the mycoflora affect the ecological recycling in these regions, and understanding the cold-adaptation strategies of fungi under extreme environments is critical for a better understanding of polar-region ecosystems. Due to their ability to survive under extreme environments, fungi in polar-region are seen to show potential for utilization in biotechnologies. This book presents our current understanding of the mycoflora in polar-region and their cold adaptation strategies, and applied studies using their abilities.

chapter 2|13 pages

Diversity and Ecology of Fungi in Polar Region

Comparisons Between Arctic and Antarctic Plant Remains
ByTakashi Osono, Shunsuke Matsuoka, Satoru Hobara, Dai Hirose, Masaki Uchida

chapter 3|14 pages

Snow Molds and Their Antagonistic Microbes in Polar Regions

ByTamotsu Hoshino, Hisahiro Morita, Yuka Yajima, Masaharu Tsuji, Motoaki Tojo, Oleg B. Tkacehnko

chapter 4|23 pages

Pathogenic Fungi on Vascular Plants in the Arctic

Diversity, Adaptation, Effect on Host and Ecosystem, and Response to Climate Change
ByShota Masumoto

chapter 5|16 pages

DNA Metabarcoding for Fungal Diversity Investigation in Polar Regions

ByShunsuke Matsuoka, Yoriko Sugiyama, Hideyuki Doi

chapter 6|9 pages

Oomycetes in Polar Regions

ByMotoaki Tojo

chapter 7|18 pages

Biotechnological Potentials of Arctic Fungi

ByPurnima Singh, R. Kanchana

chapter 8|10 pages

Dairy Wastewater Treatment Under Low-Temperature Condition by an Antarctic Basidiomycetous Yeast

ByMasaharu Tsuji, Sakae Kudoh, Tamotsu Hoshino