Diet is a major factor in health and disease. Controlled, long-term studies in humans are impractical, and investigators have utilized long-term epidemiological investigations to study the contributions of diet to the human condition. Such studies, while valuable, have often been limited by contradictory findings; a limitation secondary to systematic errors in traditional self-reported dietary assessment tools that limit the percentage of variances in diseases explained by diet. New approaches are available to help overcome these limitations, and Advances in the Assessment of Dietary Intake is focused on these advances in an effort to provide more accurate dietary data to understand human health.

Chapters cover the benefits and limitations of traditional self-report tools; strategies for improving the validity of dietary recall and food recording methods; objective methods to assess food and nutrient intake; assessment of timing and meal patterns using glucose sensors; and physical activity patterns using validated accelerometers.

Advances in the Assessment of Dietary Intake describes new avenues to investigate the role of diet in human health and serves as the most up-to-date reference and teaching tool for these methods that will improve the accuracy of dietary assessment and lay the ground work for future studies.

chapter 1|17 pages

Benefits and Limitations of Traditional Self-Report Instruments

ByHamid R. Farshchi, Ian Macdonald, Ameneh Madjd, Moira A. Taylor

chapter 3|22 pages

Computer-Assisted Dietary Assessment Methods

BySuzanne McNutt, Thea Palmer Zimmerman, Brooke Colaiezzi

chapter 4|18 pages

Strategies for Improving the Validity of the 24-hour Dietary Recall and Food Record Methods

ByLisa J. Harnack, Mark A. Pereira

chapter 5|27 pages

The Assessment of Food Intake with Digital Photography

ByKeely R. Hawkins, John W. Apolzan, Candice A. Myers, Corby K. Martin

chapter 6|16 pages

Meal Patterns, Physical Activity, Sleep, and Circadian Rhythm

ByMargriet S. Westerterp-Plantenga, Marta Garaulet

chapter 7|20 pages

Assessment of Ingestion by Chewing and Swallowing Sensors

ByEdward Sazonov, Muhammad Farooq, Edward Melanson

chapter 8|13 pages

Bites as a Unit of Measurement

ByAdam Hoover, Ryan Mattfeld, Eric Muth

chapter 9|21 pages

Direct and Indirect Measures of Dietary Intake Use of Sensors and Modern Technologies

ByHolly L. McClung, Joseph J. Kehayias, Gary P. Zientara, Reed W. Hoyt

chapter 10|13 pages

Use of Doubly-Labeled Water Measured Energy Expenditure as a Biomarker of Self-Reported Energy Intake

ByDale A. Schoeller, David B. Allison

chapter 11|12 pages

Biomarker for Energy Intake

Resting Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity
ByKlaas R. Westerterp

chapter 12|9 pages

Dynamic Modeling of Energy Expenditure to Estimate Dietary Energy Intake

ByDiana Thomas, Vincent W. Antonetti

chapter 13|14 pages

Use of Intake Biomarkers in Nutritional Epidemiology

ByRoss L. Prentice

chapter 14|24 pages

Stable Isotopic Biomarkers of Diet

BySarah H. Nash, Diane M. O’Brien

chapter 15|24 pages

The Food Metabolome and Dietary Biomarkers

ByAugustin Scalbert, Joseph A. Rothwell, Pekka Keski-Rahkonen, Vanessa Neveu

chapter 16|18 pages

Metabolomic Techniques to Discover Food Biomarkers

ByPekka Keski-Rahkonen, Joseph A. Rothwell, Augustin Scalbert

chapter 17|14 pages

The Validation of Dietary Biomarkers

ByPietro Ferrari

chapter 18|22 pages

Targeted and Untargeted Metabolomics for Specific Food Intake Assessment

Whole Grains as an Example
ByCarl Brunius, Huaxing Wu, Rikard Landberg

chapter 19|16 pages

Strengths and Limitations of Food Composition Databases

ByPhyllis Stumbo, Gary Beecher