Microorganisms can be both beneficial and harmful to the oil and gas industry and therefore there is an increasing need for the oil industry to characterize, quantify and monitor microbial communities in real time. Oilfield Microbiology offers a fundamental insight into how molecular microbiological methods have enabled researchers in the field to analyze and quantify in situ microbial communities and their activities in response to changing environmental conditions. Such information is fundamental to the oil industry to employ more directed, cost-effective strategies to prevent the major problems associated with deleterious microbial activities (e.g., souring and biocorrosion), as well as to encourage beneficial microbe activity (e.g. oil bioremediation).

The aim of the book is to understand how the technological advances in molecular microbiological methods over the last two decades are now being utilized by the oil industry to address the key issues faced by the sector. This book contains a comprehensive collection of chapters written by invited experts in the field from academia and industry and provides a solid foundation of the importance of microbes to the oil and gas industry. It is aimed at microbial ecologists, molecular biologists, operators, engineers, chemists, and academics involved in the sector.

chapter 1|12 pages

Highlights of 10 Years of Research in Petroleum Microbiology

ByGerrit Voordouw

part 13I|2 pages

Modeling of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC)

chapter 2|20 pages

Modeling of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion—Limitations and Perspectives

ByTorben Lund Skovhus, Christopher Taylor, Richard B. Eckert

chapter 3|20 pages

Modeling Microbiologically Influenced Marine Corrosion of Steels

ByRobert E. Melchers

part 55II|2 pages

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) and Reservoir Souring

chapter 4|16 pages

Microbial Communities Involved in High Salinity Souring in Shale Oilfields

ByBiwen Annie An, Gerrit Voordouw

chapter 5|12 pages

RNA and Biocorrosion—Collection, Transport, and Extraction Standardization of Samples from the Oil Sector

ByDiogo Coutinho, Luiz A.L.T. Pinto, Viviane Oliveira, Hazel Barboza, Thais Abrantes, Márcia Lutterbach

part 107III|2 pages

Biocides and Biofilms in the Oil and Gas Industry

chapter 7|20 pages

Perchlorate and Its Application in the Oil and Gas Industry

ByYi Liu, Anna Engelbrektson, Magdalena Stoeva, Tyler Barnum, Victor Reyes-Umana, John D. Coates

chapter 8|14 pages

Lab-on-a-Chip Model for Investigating the Effect of Biocides on Co-Culture Biofilms

BySusmitha Purnima Kotu, Song-I Han, Arum Han, Sam Mannan, Arul Jayaraman

chapter 9|12 pages

Considerations for Evaluating Biocidal Efficacy on Biofilm Formation of Oilfield Relevant Microorganisms

ByRikke Markfoged, Steffen Larsen Aggerholm, Lea Holsten, Lisa Struve, Philipp Trénel, Morten Poulsen, Katrin Steinhauer

part 155IV|2 pages

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation

chapter 11|22 pages

Culturable Microbiome and Biodegradation Activity of Diesel B5 and Biodiesel (B100) in a Contaminated Soil Bioremediation Study

ByGuilherme Matos, Ana Oliveira, Diogo Coutinho, Thais Oliva, Clenilson Junior, Ben Stenuit, Spiros N. Agathos, Márcia Lutterbach, Eliana Sérvulo

chapter 12|18 pages

Bioremediation of Crude Oil by Indigenous Bacteria in Bohai Bay

ByWeiwei Chen, Jun Min, Xiaoke Hu

chapter 13|18 pages

Modeling the Impact of Dilution on the Microbial Degradation of Dispersed Oil in Marine Environments

ByVicente I. Fernandez, Roman Stocker, Gabriel Juarez

part 233V|2 pages

“Omics” and Novel Technologies for the Oil and Gas Industry

chapter 14|20 pages

Environmental Surveillance of Marine Systems Using Genosensors: Application to Offshore Activities

ByAndrea Bagi, Kamila Knapik, Mari Mæland Nilsen, Adriana Krolicka, Catherine Boccadoro, Thierry Baussant

part 255VI|2 pages

Microbial Exploration and Enhanced Oil Recovery

chapter 15|14 pages

Application of Nitrate-Reducing Bacteria in Oil Reservoirs for Enhanced Oil Recovery

ByNavreet Suri, Gerrit Voordouw

chapter 16|28 pages

Microbial Exploration Techniques: An Offshore Case Study

ByJuan de Dios Miranda, José Miguel Seoane, Ángela Esteban, Enrique Espí