ABSTRACT

Over the years, the interactions between land, ocean, biosphere and atmosphere have increased, mainly due to population growth and anthropogenic activities, which have impacted the climate and weather conditions at local, regional and global scales. Thus, natural hazards related to climate changes have significantly impacted human life and health on different spatio-temporal scales and with socioeconomic bearings. To monitor and analyze natural hazards, satellite data have been widely used in recent years by many developed and developing countries. In an effort to better understand and characterize the various underlying processes influencing natural hazards, and to carry out related impact assessments, Natural Hazards: Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Landslides, presents a synthesis of what leading scientists and other professionals know about the impacts and the challenges when coping with climate change.

Combining reviews of theories and methods with analysis of case studies, the book gives readers research information and analyses on satellite geophysical data, radar imaging and integrated approaches. It focuses also on dust storms, coastal subsidence and remote sensing mapping. Some case studies explore the roles of remote sensing related to landslides and volcanoes. Overall, improved understanding of the processes leading to these hazardous events will help scientists predict their occurrence.

Features

  • Provides information on the physics and physical processes of natural hazards, their monitoring and the mapping of damages associated with these hazards
  • Explains how natural hazards are strongly associated with coupling between land–ocean–atmosphere
  • Includes a comprehensive overview of the role of remote sensing in natural hazards worldwide
  • Examines risk assessment in urban areas through numerical modelling and geoinformation technologies
  • Demonstrates how data analysis can be used to aid in prediction and management of natural hazards

chapter 1|28 pages

Gujarat Earthquake

Ground Deformation
ByM.G. Thakkar

chapter 2|20 pages

Gujarat Earthquake

Liquefaction
ByM.G. Thakkar

chapter 3|22 pages

Earthquakes and Medical Complications

ByScarlet Benson, Laura Ebbeling, Michael J. VanRooyen, Susan A. Bartels

chapter 5|20 pages

Satellite Radar Imaging and Its Application to Natural Hazards

ByMatt E. Pritchard, Sang-Ho Yun

chapter 6|24 pages

DEMETER Satellite and Detection of Earthquake Signals

ByMichel Parrot

chapter 7|12 pages

TIR Anomaly as Earthquake Precursor

ByLuca Piroddi

chapter 8|24 pages

Stress Change and Earthquake Triggering by Reservoirs

Role of Fluids
ByKalpna Gahalaut

chapter 9|30 pages

Earthquake Precursory Studies in India

An Integrated Approach
ByBrijesh K. Bansal, Mithila Verma

chapter 10|28 pages

Geomorphic Features Associated with Erosion

ByNiki Evelpidou, Isidoros Kampolis, Anna Karkani

chapter 11|20 pages

Thar Desert

Source for Dust Storm
ByPriyabrata Santra, Suresh Kumar, M.M. Roy

chapter 12|38 pages

Coastal Subsidence

Causes, Mapping and Monitoring
ByAndrea Taramelli, Ciro Manzo, Emiliana Valentini, Loreta Cornacchia

chapter 13|14 pages

Subsidence Mapping Using InSAR

ByMukesh Gupta

chapter 14|28 pages

Earthquakes and Associated Landslides in Pakistan

ByShah F. Khan, Muhammad Asif Khan, Ulrich Kamp, Lewis A. Owen

chapter 15|30 pages

Landslides in Jamaica

Distribution, Cause, Impact and Management
ByServel Miller, Anestoria Shalkowski, Norman Harris, Dionne Richards, Lyndon Brown

chapter 16|34 pages

Landslides

Causes, Mapping and Monitoring – Examples from Malaysia
ByOmar F. Althuwaynee, Biswajeet Pradhan

chapter 17|24 pages

Mapping and Monitoring of Landslides Using LIDAR

ByMichel Jaboyedoff, Antonio Abellán, Dario Carrea, Marc-Henri Derron, Battista Matasci, Clément Michoud

chapter 18|26 pages

Radar Monitoring of Volcanic Activities

ByZhong Lu, Daniel Dzurisin

chapter 19|36 pages

Active Volcanoes

Satellite Remote Sensing
ByNicola Pergola, Eugenio Sansosti, Francesco Marchese