ABSTRACT

Vernacular architecture in general and earthen architecture in particular, with their rich variety of forms worldwide, are custodians of the material culture and identity of the peoples who built them. In addition, they are widely recognized as ancestral examples of sustainability in all their variants and interpretations, and the architecture of the present ought to learn from these when designing the sustainable architecture of the future. The conservation of these architectures – seemingly simple yet full of wisdom – is to be undertaken now given their intrinsic value and their status as genuine examples of sustainability to be learnt from and interpreted in contemporary architecture.

Vernacular and earthen architecture: Conservation and Sustainability will be a valuable source of information for academics and professionals in the fields of Environmental Science, Civil Engineering, Construction and Building Engineering and Architecture.

part 1

Plenary lectures

chapter 1|6 pages

Markers of earthen construction modern revival

ByH. Guillaud

chapter 2|6 pages

The geography of earth building

ByM. Lewis

part 2|244 pages

Vernacular earthen architecture

chapter 3|5 pages

A sustainable repair process for heritage buildings in historic Jeddah

ByA.A. Adas, M.Y. Alaidaroos

chapter 7|5 pages

Ksar Taghit: Earthen architecture between authenticity and changes

ByT. Bachir Cherif, M. Aiche

chapter 8|6 pages

Supplemented rammed earth in the northwestern regions of Valencia

ByL. Balaguer Garzón, L. García-Soriano, L. Villacampa Crespo

chapter 10|6 pages

Vernacular construction techniques and earth employ in Arg-e-Bam (Iran)

ByC. Cacciavillani, S. Rinaldi, M. Severini

chapter 11|6 pages

Vernacular heritage in Mendoza (Cuyo region, Argentina)

ByS.A. Cirvini

chapter 12|7 pages

Comparative evolution of vernacular mudbrick houses in the Nile Delta and Qurna (Luxor)

ByM. Correas Amador, C. Simpson

chapter 13|4 pages

Tapiabrick: A digital platform on brick-supplemented rammed earth walls

ByV. Cristini, J.R. Ruiz Checa

chapter 14|5 pages

The ancient caves from El Alguacilejo. Vernacular habitat and landscape of Gran Canaria, Spain

ByI. Díaz-Ramos, J. Manzano-Cabrera

chapter 15|6 pages

Interpretation of sustainable desert architecture in Ghadames city, Libya

ByA. Eltrapolsi, H. Altan

chapter 16|6 pages

Thermal performance and comfort of vernacular earthen buildings in Egypt and Portugal

ByJ. Fernandes, M. Dabaieh, R. Mateus, S.M. Silva, L. Bragança, H. Gervásio

chapter 17|6 pages

Earthen construction in Ourense, Galicia (Spain)

ByA. Fernández Palicio

chapter 18|6 pages

Earthen vernacular architecture in Cuneo’s territories (Piedmont, Italy)

ByF. Fratini, S. Rescic, M. Mattone, L. Rovero

chapter 20|4 pages

Earthen elements in the Iberian Peninsula: Cataloging and preliminary study

ByL. García-Soriano, L. Villacampa Crespo, F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio

chapter 21|6 pages

Vernacular architecture in El Khorbat, Morocco. Evolution of the Igrems

ByT. Gil Piqueras, P. Rodríguez-Navarro, A. Pérez Vila

chapter 22|6 pages

Examination of structural decay processes in adobe vernacular architecture in Spain

ByF.J. Gómez-Patrocinio, L. García-Soriano, L. Balaguer Garzón

chapter 24|6 pages

Stone, clay and turf in architectural construction

ByB. Juvanec

chapter 25|6 pages

Transforming Kasena houses and indigenous building technology in Burkina Faso

ByH. Kobayashi, T. Shimizu, M. Ito, S. Nakao

chapter 27|6 pages

Earthen roofs in the region of Murcia, Spain: La Azohía

ByF.J. López Martínez, V. La Spina

chapter 28|6 pages

Material and typological characterization of the tighremt n’Aït Makhat (Morocco)

ByJ.M. López-Osorio, S. Batani Sembak, L. Martínez Bernal

chapter 30|6 pages

Earthen heritage in the USA: Approximation to constructive techniques

ByC. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares

chapter 31|6 pages

SOSTierra Project. Initial results

ByC. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares, L. García-Soriano, V. Cristini

chapter 36|6 pages

Domestic wineries in the Urz-Vidriales countryside (Spain)

ByM. Ruiz-Bedia, A. Herrera Peral

chapter 37|5 pages

Scottish earth building materials

ByM. Saez-Martinez, A. Leslie

chapter 38|6 pages

Thinking about historic resources: A proposed guidance document

ByI.R. Stiegler, R. McManus, M. Achenza, M. al-Aidaroos, M. Beas, J. Bell, L. Cooke, M. Costi de Castrillo, A. Crosby, B. Esquivel, J. Hurd, B. Işik, P. Jerome, M. Lambert, T. Leiermann, C. Mileto, G. Shemdin, J. Vargas, F. Vegas

chapter 39|6 pages

Historic cob structures in Moravia

ByZ. Syrová, J. Syrový

chapter 41|6 pages

Traditional earthen architecture in Aragon, Spain

ByL. Villacampa Crespo, J.M. Sanz Zaragoza, L. García-Soriano

part 3|90 pages

Rehabilitation of vernacular earthen architecture

chapter 45|6 pages

Thermal assessment of the behavior of retrofitted rammed earth in central Catalonia

ByG. Barbeta, M.M. Pareta, M.A. Chamorro, M. Sabata

chapter 46|6 pages

Using machine-dismantled cotton seed hulls in the making of light earth blocks

ByA. González, S. Cabrera

chapter 47|7 pages

The systemic approach in the intervention on earthen architecture

ByJ.L. González Moreno-Navarro, M. Genís Vinyals, B. Onecha Pérez, A. Casals Balagué

chapter 48|7 pages

Kasbah Taourirt: Conserving earthen heritage in Morocco

ByB. Marcus, C. Cancino, M. Boussalh

chapter 49|6 pages

Consumption study and energy optimization of a typical Valencian house

ByA. Martínez, R. Royo, S. Tormo

chapter 50|6 pages

Maps, actors & local policies around earth buildings in Auvergne Rhône-Alpes

ByG. Paccoud, M. Chamodot, L. Génis, F. Gutiérrez, E. Mille, B. Rakotomamonjy, J. Avons-Bariot, D. Studer

chapter 51|7 pages

Rammed earth buildings to meet Italian thermal regulation: Monitoring and sample tests

ByR. Pennacchio, G. Piccablotto

chapter 52|7 pages

A pilot project, a tool for conserving the historic city of Cuenca, Ecuador

ByB. Rakotomamonjy, E. Sevillano Gutiérrez, E. Carnevale

chapter 53|6 pages

Vernacular change in Brazil southeast region

ByM.A.P. Rezende, S.L.A. Braga, J.L.R. Vale, M.V.S. Peixoto

chapter 55|7 pages

Campiña Segoviana’s earthen heritage and conservation clues from Isère

ByE. Sevillano Gutiérrez, E. Camarasaltas Pérez

chapter 56|6 pages

Transformation in the Kasena’s large earthen compound houses in Burkina Faso

ByT. Shimizu, S. Nakao, H. Kobayashi, M. Ito

part 4|60 pages

Contemporary earthen architecture

chapter 58|4 pages

A temporary pavilion as a way to experiment with mud. The case of Roly Poly

ByL. Balboa Quesada, A.J. Jiménez Quesada

chapter 62|4 pages

Natural clay plasters: Checking regulations to characterization tests

ByA. González-Serrano, R. Rodríguez-García, L. Molina, M. Ponce

chapter 63|6 pages

Terra nova—earthen architecture and modernity

ByF.M. Lorusso, S. Mecca

chapter 64|4 pages

The school of Baasneere, the process of international cooperation

ByJ.V. Maravilla Moreno, X. Ferragud Adam

chapter 66|4 pages

CEB production in social insertion workshops. An experience in Algemesí (Spain)

ByJ. Nácher Martínez, J.V. Maravilla Moreno, X. Ferragud Adam, F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio

chapter 67|6 pages

A case-study project of reinterpretation of local traditional techniques

ByJ.R. Ruiz Checa, V. Cristini

part 5|102 pages

Restoration of monumental earthen architecture

chapter 68|6 pages

Restoration method on the southern wall of the Medieval access road to the Generalife

ByI. Bestué Cardiel, F.J. López Martínez, J.C. Molina Gaitán

chapter 69|6 pages

The keep of the Alcázar of Carmona (Sevilla, Spain). Materials for the restoration of rammed earth walls

ByF.J. Blasco-López, J. Canivell, A. Graciani, J.J. Martín-del-Río, F.J. Alejandre

chapter 70|6 pages

Rammed earth and formworks in Medieval fortifications in Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

ByF.J. Castilla, D. Gallego, J. Molero, C. Peña, D. Sanz

chapter 71|6 pages

The Islamic wall of Mula (Spain): 3D reconstruction, restoration and musealization

ByP.E. Collado Espejo, J. García León, V. La Spina, J. Fernández Del Toro

chapter 72|6 pages

The use of lime, an example of good practices in the conservation of cultural heritage built on earth

ByR. Fernández Baca Casares, M. García de Casasola Gómez, E. Ontiveros Ortega, B. Castellano Bravo, P. Santana Martín

chapter 73|6 pages

Earth in historical fortifications. Pedro de Lucuze’s method

ByL. Gimeno Romero, L. Cortés Meseguer, S. Tormo Esteve

chapter 74|6 pages

PREFORTI project: The preventive conservation of historic rammed-earth

ByM.L. Gutiérrez-Carrillo, I. Bestué Cardiel, J.C. Molina Gaitán, J.A. Martínez López

chapter 76|6 pages

Earthen architecture, appreciation and landscape: The oasis of Ferkla (Morocco)

ByF. Juan-Vidal, T. Gil Piqueras

chapter 77|6 pages

New technology for analysis of the chapel of Santa María, Coahuila, Mexico

ByR. López de Juambelz, A.S. Rodríguez Cepeda, M.Á. Sorroche Cuerva

chapter 78|6 pages

Implementing a GIS for cataloguing Medieval defensive earth architecture

ByE. Molero, M.L. Gutiérrez-Carrillo, J. Garrido

chapter 82|4 pages

The preservation of the Nubian earthen architecture

ByG. Torra i Campos, I. García Alonso, M. Cressent, O. Hasabelrasoul Ahmed

chapter 83|6 pages

Constructive analysis of the rammed earth walls in the Petrés Castle (Valencia, Spain)

ByF. Vegas López-Manzanares, C. Mileto, F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio, A. Pérez Vila

chapter 84|6 pages

Seismic Retrofitting Project: On-site retrofitting techniques workshops

ByK.H. Wong, C. Cancino, J.C. Menendez, L. Villacorta Santamato

part 6|212 pages

Lessons from vernacular heritage for a sustainable contemporary architecture

chapter 86|7 pages

The habitat of the nomadic shepherds in the Jbel Saghro, Morocco

ByJ. Asencio Juncal, G. Cudeiro Baiguera, P. Iranzo Navas, M.A. Porras Díaz, S. Pino Martín

chapter 87|6 pages

Vernacular nomadic architecture in the Mgoun Valley, High Atlas (Morocco)

ByJ. Asencio Juncal, J. Ingelmo Moyano, J. Ramírez Bandera

chapter 88|6 pages

Casa de los Cinteros: Constructive analysis of a traditional house in northern Valencia

ByL. Balaguer Garzón, S. Traver

chapter 89|6 pages

S. Jerónimo de Cotalba. Strategies for the preservation of the monastic complex

ByJ.M. Barrera Puigdollers, N. Matarredona Desantes

chapter 90|5 pages

Life cycle assessment for the earthen heritage center (Pabillonis, Sardinia)

ByA. Bonoli, S. Rizzo, M. Tomasi, A. Vado

chapter 91|6 pages

The Tiburtino II district in Rome (Italy). Proposals for preserving the modern architecture

ByC. Careccia, T. De Gennaro, M.G. Rizzi

chapter 93|6 pages

Sustainable proposal for the conservation of Castillejo of Monteagudo (Murcia, Spain)

ByP.E. Collado Espejo, M.J. Serrano Latorre

chapter 94|6 pages

Perceptions of earth in the age of global architecture

ByJ. Dahmen

chapter 95|6 pages

Is it useless rubble or recyclable building material?

ByB. del Cueto

chapter 97|6 pages

A survey of Danish earthen heritage for sustainable building

ByB.T. Eybye, I. Vestergaard

chapter 98|6 pages

Lessons of sustainability from the survey of the Valencian barraca

ByY. Hernández Navarro, P. de Dato

chapter 100|6 pages

When the neo-vernacular architecture inspires the contemporary conception

ByS. Kersenna, S. Chaouche

chapter 101|7 pages

Characteristics of earthen architecture in Ağlasun

ByV.B. Kurtulus, E.Ç. Asrav, N. Şahin Güçhan, G. Bilgin Altınöz

chapter 103|6 pages

Set of nine cave houses in La Algueña, Alicante (Spain). Renewal proposal

ByA. Martínez Antón, G. López Patiño, V. Blanca Giménez, F. Aranda Navarro

chapter 105|7 pages

In situ monitoring and characterisation of earthen envelopes: A review

ByM.A. Mellado Mascaraque, F.J. Castilla Pascual, I. Oteiza, F. Martín-Consuegra

chapter 106|6 pages

Study of the situation of traditional constructive techniques and materials in Spain

ByC. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares, V. Cristini, M.S. García Sáez

chapter 107|6 pages

Vernacular housing and transformations at the Cordillera de Sama (Bolivia)

ByF. Moreno, C. Pérez de Guzmán, S. Santiago

chapter 109|6 pages

Adobe vernacular heritage in Mexicali, Mexico

ByD. Olvera, L. Mendoza, L. Guerrero

chapter 112|5 pages

Tracking down constructive techniques: Farmhouses preliminary studies

ByF. Romero Iglesias, M. Martínez Lledó, V. Cristini

chapter 113|6 pages

Water-related built heritage in Campania, Italy. Knowledge for conservation of a sustainable vernacular architecture

ByV. Russo, S. Pollone, G. Ceniccola, L. Romano

chapter 115|6 pages

Passive design principles in vernacular architecture of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

ByA.B. Serrano Lanzarote, M. Navarro Escudero, L. Ramírez Pareja, C. Mateo Cecilia

chapter 117|6 pages

Contemporary earthen architecture in the northern temperate climate

ByI. Vestergaard, B.T. Eybye

chapter 118|6 pages

Sustainability of rammed earth building tradition in Tepeyahualco, Mexico

ByM.A. Vizcarra, L.F. Guerrero

part VII|98 pages

Structural analysis of vernacular architecture

chapter 119|6 pages

Structural assessment of earthen walls using damage tests and models

ByA. Alonso Durá, A. Martínez Boquera, F.J. Gómez-Patrocinio

chapter 122|7 pages

Thermal orthophotos and vernacular architecture: Surveying half-timber walls in Béjar, Spain

ByM. Diodato, S. Tormo Esteve, L. Balaguer Garzón

chapter 123|4 pages

The influence of ambient conditions into rammed earth compressive strength

ByB. González-Sánchez, J.R. Rosell Amigó, A. Navarro Ezquerra

chapter 124|7 pages

Acoustic test on adobe and rammed earth walls

ByP. Guillén Marzal

chapter 125|7 pages

Experimental study of adobe walls with geogrid reinforced mud plaster

ByS. Invernizzi, M. Mattone, P. Vachey, M. Gentile

chapter 126|6 pages

A preliminary study of CIPS as a consolidant for earthen cultural materials

ByI. Loo, C. Kyi, S. Collis, A. Jamieson, G. Price

chapter 127|6 pages

Low-cost adobe structures with bamboo additives and bamboo frames. Strength tests

ByM. Paradiso, F. Bizzeti, E. Perria, A. Farigu, O. Lotti

chapter 128|6 pages

Experimental analysis of compressive mechanical behavior of adobe masonry

ByJ.D. Rodríguez Mariscal, M. Solís Muñiz

chapter 129|7 pages

Stabilisation of earthen surfaces using carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

ByJ. Romero, G. Barbeta

chapter 130|6 pages

Advanced study of the mechanical properties of compressed earth block

ByG. Ruiz, X.X. Zhang, L. Garijo, I. Cañas, W.A. Fouad

chapter 131|6 pages

Seismic analysis of Portuguese adobe buildings

ByL. Sarchi, R. Monteiro, H. Varum

chapter 132|6 pages

Improved 2nd order holder. Method for heat transfer calculation for walls

ByL. Soto Francés, B. Serrano Lanzarote, L. Ortega Madrigal, J.M. Pinazo Ojer