This book covers state-of-the-art medical image analysis approaches currently pursued in autism research. Chapters cover recent advances in diagnosis using structural neuroimaging. All aspects of imaging are included, such as electrophysiology (EEG, ERP, QEEG, and MEG), postmortem techniques, and advantages and difficulties of depositing/acquiring images in larger databases. The book incorporates 2D, 3D, and 4D imaging and advances scientific research within the broad field of autism imaging.

chapter 1|14 pages

Present and future autism data science

ByNicholas Lange

chapter 2|22 pages

Twin research in autism spectrum disorder

ByCharlotte Willfors, Kristiina Tammimies, and Sven Bölte

chapter 3|22 pages

Neurodevelopment of autism: The first three years of life

ByMeghan R. Swanson, Joseph Piven

chapter 4|16 pages

Anatomy of autism

ByVerónica Martínez Cerdeño

chapter 5|20 pages

Neurobiology of imitation in autism

ByMarco Iacoboni

chapter 6|26 pages

Neuroimaging biomarkers for autism spectrum disorder

ByChristine Ecker, Andre Marquand

chapter 8|22 pages

Atypical hemispheric asymmetries in autism spectrum disorders

ByAnnukka Lindell

chapter 9|14 pages

Corpus callosum and autism

ByLawrence K. Fung, Antonio Hardan

chapter 10|18 pages

Macrocephaly and megalencephaly in autism spectrum disorder

ByLauren E. Libero, Christine W. Nordahl, Deana D. Li, and David G. Amaral

chapter 11|30 pages

Imaging the striatum in autism spectrum disorder

ByAdriana Di Martino, Eun Young Choi, Rebecca M. Jones, F. Xavier Castellanos, Ayman Mukerji

chapter 13|42 pages

Imaging brain connectivity in autism spectrum disorder

ByRobert Coben, Iman Mohammad-Rezazadeh, Joel Frohlich, Joseph Jurgiel, and Giorgia Michelini

chapter 14|32 pages

Brain network organization in ASD: Evidence from functional and diffusion weighted MRI

ByRalph-Axel Müller, Ruth A. Carper

chapter 15|26 pages

Behavioral signal processing and autism: Learning from multimodal behavioral signals

ByDaniel Bone, Theodora Chaspari, and Shrikanth Narayanan

chapter 16|10 pages

Behavior Imaging®:Innovative technology to enable remote autism diagnosis

ByN. Nazneen, Agata Rozga, Gregory D. Abowd, Christopher J. Smith, Ron Oberleitner, Rosa I. Arriaga, and Jasjit S. Suri

chapter 17|16 pages

Behavior Imaging®:Resolving assessment challenges for autism spectrum disorder in pharmaceutical trials

ByRon Oberleitner, Uwe Reischl, Kamilla G. Gazieva, N. Nazneen, Jasjit S. Suri, and Christopher J. Smith

chapter 18|26 pages

Virtual reality with psychophysio logical monitoring as an approach to evaluate emotional reactivity, social skills, and joint attention in autism spectrum disorder

ByEstate M. Sokhadze, Manuel F. Casanova, Desmond L. Kelly, Guela E. Sokhadze, Yi Li, Adel S. Elmaghraby, and Ayman S. El-Baz

chapter 19|22 pages

The impact of robots on children with autism spectrum disorder

ByZhi Zheng, Esubalew Bekele, Amy Swanson, Amy Weitlauf, Zachary Warren, and Nilanjan Sarkar

chapter 22|40 pages

Gamma abnormalities in autism spectrum disorders

ByGina Rippon

chapter 23|40 pages

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) effects on evoked and induced gamma frequency EEG oscillations in autism spectrum disorder

ByEstate M. Sokhadze, Ayman S. El-Baz, Allan Tasman, Guela E. Sokhadze, Heba Elsayed M. Farag, and Manuel F. Casanova