ABSTRACT

A Comprehensive Review of Developing Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

A push from environmentally savvy consumers along with recent changes in governmental regulations have paved the way for a marketplace of products with high levels of environmental performance. Fueled by the growing demand for biobased lubricants, Environmentally Friendly and Biobased Lubricants highlights the development of environmentally friendly additives that are compatible with environmental regulations and describes the approaches being used in this emerging area.

Derived from research topics shared over the years at various technical sessions of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) Annual Meetings, the book includes a critical assessment of gaps and weaknesses in the field of environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants. Each chapter is written by authors selected from the environmentally friendly fluids and biobased lubricants sessions of STLE and also incorporates input from prominent researchers invited to take part in the book. Expert contributors discuss the control, production, usage, and disposal of lubricants; factor in related policies, laws, and regulations around the world; and include case studies demonstrating the uses and values of commercially viable biobased lubricants.

The book is divided into five sections that cover advanced environmentally friendly base oils and feedstocks, biobased hydraulic lubricants and biodegradability, chemically/enzymatically modified environmentally friendly base oils, vegetable oil–based environmentally friendly fluids, and additives for environmentally friendly fluids.

section |34 pages

Advanced Environmentally Friendly Base Oils and Feedstocks

chapter |32 pages

Farnesene-Derived Base Oils

ByJeff Brown, Hyeok Hahn, Paula Vettel, Jason Wells

chapter |15 pages

Estolides

Bioderived Synthetic Base Oils
ByJakob W. Bredsguard, Travis D. Thompson, Steven C. Cermak, Terry A. Isbell

chapter |7 pages

Effect of Structure on Viscosity and Pour Points of Epoxidized Soybean Oil Lubricants

ByHerman Benecke, Daniel Garbark

chapter |20 pages

Isostearic Acids

Synthesis, Properties, and Process Development, *
ByHelen Ngo, Robert O. Dunn, Winnie C. Yee

chapter |20 pages

Producing Monomers and Polymers from Plant Oils *

ByKenneth M. Doll, Bryan R. Moser, Zengshe Liu, Rex E. Murray

section |67 pages

Biobased Hydraulic Lubricants and Biodegradability

chapter |18 pages

Environmental Approach to Hydraulic Fluids

ByGerhard Gaule, Ben Müller-Zermini

chapter |19 pages

Environmentally Acceptable Hydraulic Lubricants

ByBernard C. Roell, Anne Otto, Tyler Kuchta

chapter |15 pages

Biodegradability and Ecotoxicity Evaluation of Lubricants

ByJagadeesh K. Mannekote, Satish V. Kailas

section |37 pages

Chemically/Enzymatically Modified Environmentally Friendly Base Oils

chapter |17 pages

Biolubricant Production Catalyzed by Enzymes

ByJosé André Cavalcanti da Silva

chapter |17 pages

Lipases as Biocatalyst for Production of Biolubricants

ByJasneet Grewal, Sunil K. Khare

chapter |27 pages

Synthetic Methodologies of Ester-Based Eco-Friendly, Biodegradable Lubricant Base Stocks for Industrial Applications

ByShailesh N. Shah, Sayanti Ghosh, Lalit Kumar, Vivek Rathore, Shivanand M. Pai, Bharat L. Newalkar

section |99 pages

Vegetable Oil-Based Environmentally Friendly Fluids

chapter |37 pages

Engineering and Technology of Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

ByCarlton J. Reeves, Pradeep L. Menezes, Michael R. Lovell, Tien-Chien Jen

chapter |17 pages

Thermo-Oxidative Stability of Base Oils for Green Lubricants

ByPattathilchira Varghese Joseph, Deepak Saxena

chapter |23 pages

Vegetable Oils as Additive in the Formulation of Eco-Friendly Lubricant

ByGobinda Karmakar, Pranab Ghosh

chapter |17 pages

Vegetable Oil-Based Lubricant Additives

ByPadmaja V. Korlipara

section |85 pages

Additives for Environmentally Friendly Fluids

chapter |25 pages

Friction of Fatty Acids in Nanoscale Contacts

ByMarina Ruths, Sarah M. Lundgren, Karin Persson

chapter |7 pages

Additives for Biodegradable Lubricants

ByDaniel M. Vargo, Brian M. Lipowski

chapter |22 pages

Micro- and Nano-TiO2, a Lubricant Additive for Environmentally Friendly Lubricants

BySudeep Ingole, Archana Charanpahari, Suresh Umare

chapter |15 pages

Biodiesel

A Fuel, a Lubricant, and a Solvent
ByGerhard Knothe

chapter |11 pages

Corrosion Protection of Steel by Thin Coatings of Starch–Oil Dry Lubricants, *

ByVictoria L. Finkenstadt, James A. Kenar, George F. Fanta