This volume was developed from the proceedings of a symposium held in Miami Beach, at the 189th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.It is the result of the combined efforts of many experts whose efforts have advanced our knowledge of the production, analysis, distribution, effects and control of chlorinated dioxins, dibenzofurans and related compounds.This is the third in a series of publications originating from current technology presented at national meetings of the American Chemical Society. Using this forum as a catalyst, researchers from all over the world came together to present and discuss their data and plan future work in this rapidly developing and sometimes highly emotional technical area.

section I|76 pages

Human Exposure

chapter 1|14 pages

Distribution of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Chlorinated Dibenzofurans in Human Tissues from the General Population

ByJohn J. Ryan, Arnold Schecter, Wing-F. Sun, Raymonde Lizotte

chapter 2|18 pages

Identification of 2,3,7,8-substituted Polychlorinated Dioxins and Dibenzofurans in Environmental and Human Samples

ByMartin Nygren, Christoffer Kappe, Gunilla Lindstrom, Marianne Hansson, Per-Anders Bergqvist, Stellan Marklund, Lennart Domellof, Lennart Hardell, Mats Olsson

chapter 3|16 pages

Chlorinated Dioxins and Dibenzofurans in Human Tissues from Vietnam, 1983-84

ByArnold J. Schecter, John. J. Ryan, Michael Gross, N. C. A. Weerasinghe, John D. Constable

chapter 4|15 pages

Chlorinated Dioxin and Dibenzofuran Levels in Human Adipose Tissues from Exposed and Control Populations

ByArnold Schecter, John J. Ryan, George Gitlitz

chapter 5|10 pages

Investigation of Health Effects Due to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin—Missouri, 1983

ByPaul A. Stehr, Gary Stein, Karen Webb, Wayne Schramm, Henry Falk, Eric Sampson

section II|60 pages

Incineration Emissions

chapter 6|14 pages

Determination of PCDDs and PCDFs in Incineration Samples and Pyrolytic Products

ByS. Marklund, L. O. Kjeller, M. Hansson, M. Tysklind, C. Rappe, C. Ryan, H. Collazo, R. Dougherty

chapter 7|16 pages

Sampling, Analytical Method and Results for Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Chlorinated Dibenzofurans from Incinerator Stack Effluent and Contaminated Building Indoor Air Samples

ByR. M. Smith, P. W. O’Keefe, D. R. Hilker, K. M. Aldous, L. Wilson, R. Donnelly, R. Kerr, A. Columbus

chapter 8|11 pages

Thermal Combustion of Octachlorodibenzofuran to Form Lower PCDFs

BySteven E. Swanson, Mitchell D. Erickson, Leslie Moody, Daniel T. Heggem

chapter 9|16 pages

Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins, Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans and Polychlorinated Biphenyls at a Contaminated Multibuilding Facility

ByH. C. Thompson, D. C. Kendall, W. A. Korfmacher, J. R. Kominsky, L. G. Rushing, K. L. Rowland, L. M. Smith, D. L. Stalling

section III|103 pages

Soil Contamination

chapter 10|17 pages

A Sampling Strategy for Remedial Action at Hazardous Waste Sites: Cleanup of Soil Contaminated by Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin

ByJurgen H. Exner, William D. Keffer, Richard O. Gilbert, Robert R. Kinnison

chapter 11|13 pages

Desorption of 2,3,7,8-TCDD from Soils into Water/Methanol and Methanol Liquid Phases

ByRichard W. Walters, Annette Guiseppi-Elie, M. M. Rao, Jay C. Means

chapter 12|13 pages

Environmental Mobility of 2,3,7,8-TCDD and Companion Chemicals in a Roadway Soil Matrix

ByRaymond A. Freeman, Jerry M. Schroy, Fred D. Hileman, Roy W. Noble

chapter 13|16 pages

Solubility of 2,3,7,8-TCDD in Contaminated Soils

ByD. R. Jackson, M. H. Roulier, H. M. Grotta, S. W. Rust, J. S. Warner

chapter 14|10 pages

The Presence of Hexachloroxanthene at Missouri Dioxin Sites

ByTenkasi S. Viswanathan, Robert D. Kleopfer

chapter 15|13 pages

Disposition of Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin in Soil

ByJ. Palausky, J. J. Harwood, T. E. Clevenger, S. Kapila, A. F. Yanders

chapter 16|11 pages

Studies on the Absorption of TCDD by Plant Species

ByS. Facchetti, A. Balasso, C. Fichtner, G. Frare, A. Leoni, C. Mauri, M. Vasconi

chapter 17|3 pages

Dioxin: Field Research Opportunities at Times Beach, Missouri

ByArmon F. Yanders, Shubhender Kapila, Robert J. Schreiber

section IV|62 pages


chapter 18|26 pages

Studies on the Molecular Basis of TCDD-Caused Changes in Proteins Associated with the Liver Plasma Membrane

ByFumio Matsumura, D. W. Brewster, D. W. Bombick, B. V. Madhukar

chapter 19|16 pages

Development and Application of an In Vitro Bioassay for Dioxinlike Compounds

ByJohn F. Gierthy, Deborah Crane

section V|174 pages


chapter 21|23 pages

Development of High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Methods for Separation and Automated Collection of Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin Isomers

ByDaniel Wagel, Thomas O. Tiernan, Michael L. Taylor, B. Ramalingam, John H. Garrett, Joseph G. Solch

chapter 23|11 pages

Measurement of PCDD-PCDF from Incinerator and PCP Samples

ByR. C. Lao, R. S. Thomas, C. Chiu, R. Halman, K. Li

chapter 24|11 pages

Dioxin Residues in Fish and Other Foods

ByDavid Firestone, Richard A. Niemann, Louis F. Schneider, John R. Gridley, Darryl E. Brown

chapter 25|14 pages

Comparison of a New Rapid Extraction GC/MS/MS and the Contract Laboratory Program GC/MS Methodologies for the Analysis of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin

ByJames S. Smith, David Ben Hur, Michael J. Urban, Robert D. Kleopfer, Cliff J. Kirchmer, W. Allen Smith, Tenkasi S. Viswanathan

chapter 26|18 pages

Some Analytical Considerations Relating to the Development of a High-Resolution Mass Spectrometric Dioxin Analytical Protocol

ByJ. R. Donnelly, G. W. Sovocool, Y. Tondeur, S. Billets, R. K. Mitchum

chapter 27|36 pages

Evaluation of RCRA Method 8280 for Analysis of Dioxins and Dibenzofurans

ByJ. R. Donnelly, T. L. Vonnahme, C. M. Hedin, W. J. Niederhut

chapter 28|16 pages

Approaches to the Determination of Limit of Detection in 2,3,7,8-TCDD Analyses

ByCliff J. Kirchmer, Tenkasi S. Viswanathan, Robert D. Kleopfer

chapter 29|14 pages

Characterization of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans by Powder X-Ray Diffraction

ByJoseph S. Cantrell, Patrick J. Slonecker, Thomas A. Beiter

chapter 30|10 pages

Mathematical and Statistical Methods in Modeling the Seveso Dioxin Episode

BySergio P. Ratti, Giuseppe Belli, Agostino Lanza, Silvia Cerlesi

section VI|77 pages

Synthesis and Destruction

chapter 31|5 pages

Preparation of Dioxin Standards for Chemical Analysis

ByLeslie T. Gelbaum, Donald G. Patterson, Donald F. Groce

chapter 32|14 pages

Synthesis and Characterization of Polybromo- and Polybromochloro-Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans

ByB. Ramalingam, T. Mazer, D. J. Wagel, C. M. Malloy, M. L. Taylor, T. O. Tiernan, J. H. Garrett, Arleen B. Rifkind

chapter 33|10 pages

Polychlorinated Biphenylene Production for Qualitative Reference Material

ByE.R. Barnhart, D.G. Patterson, J.A.H. MacBride, L.R. Alexander, C.A. Alley, W.E. Turner

chapter 34|8 pages

Destruction of Dioxin-Containing Wastes in a Mobile Incineration System

ByRobert D. Kleopfer, Ralph H. Hazel, Frank J. Freestone, Paul E. des Hosiers

chapter 36|9 pages

Binding of OCDD, 2,3,7,8-TCDD and HCB to Clay-Based Sorbents

ByKeeran R. Srinivasan, H. Scott Fogler

chapter 37|13 pages

The Seveso Lesson: Advances in Reclamation and Disposal Techniques

ByG. Umberto Fortunati