The oceans cover approximately 71% of Earth’s surface, 90% of the biosphere and contains 97% of Earth’s water. Since the first launch of SEASAT satellite in 1978, an increasing number of SAR satellites have or will become available, such as the European Space Agency’s ERS-1/-2, ENVISAT, and Sentinel-1 series; the Canadian RADARSAT-1/-2 and the upcoming RADARSAT Constellation Mission series satellites; the Italian COSMO-SkyMed satellites, the German TERRASAR-X and TANDEM-X, and the Chinese GAOFEN-3 SAR, among others. Recently, European Space Agency has launched a new generation of SAR satellites, Sentinel-1A in 2014 and Sentinel-1B in 2016. These SAR satellites provide researchers with free and open SAR images necessary to carry out their research on the global oceans. The scope of Advances in SAR Remote Sensing of Oceans is to demonstrate the types of information that can be obtained from SAR images of the oceans, and the cutting-edge methods needed for analysing SAR images.

Written by leading experts in the field, and divided into four sections, the book presents the basic principles of radar backscattering from the ocean surface; introduces the recent progresses in SAR remote sensing of dynamic coastal environment and management; discusses the state-of-the-art methods to monitor parameters or phenomena related to the dynamic ocean environment; and deals specifically with new techniques and findings of marine atmospheric boundary layer observations.

Advances in SAR Remote Sensing of Oceans is a very comprehensive and up-to-date reference intended for use by graduate students, researchers, practitioners, and R&D engineers working in the vibrant field of oceans, interested to understand how SAR remote sensing can support oceanography research and applications.

section Section I|58 pages


chapter 1|17 pages

Introduction to Synthetic Aperture Radar

ByKun-Shan Chen, Cheng-Yen Chiang, Huadong Guo

chapter 2|19 pages

Radar Scattering of Ocean Surfaces with Anisotropic Ocean Spectrum Using NMM3D Simulations

ByTai Qiao, Yanlei Du, Leung Tsang, Douglas Vandemark, Simon Yueh

chapter 3|18 pages

Sensitivity Analysis of Bistatic Scattering from Sea Surface at L-band

ByYanlei Du, Xiaofeng Yang, Kun-Shan Chen

section Section II|154 pages

Coast Zone and Man-Made Object Detection

chapter 4|16 pages

Oil Fields Observation Using Polarimetric SAR

ByFerdinando Nunziata, Andrea Buono

chapter 5|37 pages

Oil Spills Detection and Classification with Fully and Compact Polarimetric SAR

ByYu Li, Yuanzhi Zhang, Hui Lin

chapter 6|16 pages

Ocean Surface Pollutant Monitoring and Trajectory Simulation

ByYongcun Cheng, Xiaofeng Li, Qing Xu

chapter 7|16 pages

Exposed Intertidal Flats Monitoring by Polarimetric SAR

ByMartin Gade, Wensheng Wang

chapter 8|30 pages

SAR Detection of Ocean Bottom Topography

ByQing Xu, Quanan Zheng, Shuangshang Zhang, Xiaofeng Li

chapter 9|36 pages

Ship Characterization and Analyses in Sentinel-1 Imagery Based on a Large and Open Dataset

ByLanqing Huang, Boying Li, Bin Liu, Weiwei Guo, Zenghui Zhang, Wenxian Yu

section Section III|71 pages

Ocean Environment Monitoring

chapter 10|23 pages

SAR Remote Sensing of Internal Solitary Waves in the Ocean

ByWerner Alpers, Jose C. B. da Silva

chapter 11|18 pages

Joint Retrieval of Directional Ocean Wave Spectra from SAR and RAR

ByLin Ren, Jingsong Yang, Gang Zheng, Juan Wang

chapter 12|14 pages

Mediterranean Eddy Statistics Based on Multiple SAR Imagery

ByMartin Gade, Svetlana Karimova, Annika Buck

chapter 13|13 pages

Mode-2 Internal Solitary Waves in the Ocean

ByDi Dong, Xiaofeng Yang

section Section IV|54 pages

Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer Observations

chapter 14|10 pages

Oceanographic Aspect of Tropical Cyclone Wind and Wave Remote Sensing

ByPaul A. Hwang, Yalin Fan, Xiaofeng Li, Weizeng Shao

chapter 15|27 pages

Application of SAR-Derived Sea Surface Winds in Data Assimilation

ByBoheng Duan, Yi Yu, Xiaofeng Yang, Weimin Zhang

chapter 16|14 pages

The Effect of Rain on Radar Backscattering from the Ocean

ByBiao Zhang, Werner Alpers