ABSTRACT

Recently developed organic photovoltaics (OPVs) show distinct advantages over their inorganic counterparts due to their lighter weight, flexible shape, versatile materials synthesis and device fabrication schemes, and low cost in large-scale industrial production. Although many books currently exist on general concepts of PV and inorganic PV materials and devices, few are available that offer a comprehensive overview of recently fast developing organic and polymeric PV materials and devices.

Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices fills this gap. The book provides an international perspective on the latest research in this rapidly expanding field with contributions from top experts around the world.  It presents a unified approach comprising three sections: General Overviews; Mechanisms and Modeling; and Materials and Devices. Discussions include sunlight capture, exciton diffusion and dissociation, interface properties, charge recombination and migration, and a variety of currently developing OPV materials/devices. The book also includes two forewords: one by Nobel Laureate Dr. Alan J. Heeger, and the other by Drs. Aloysius Hepp and Sheila Bailey of NASA Glenn Research Center.

Organic Photovoltaics equips students, researchers, and engineers with knowledge of the mechanisms, materials, devices, and applications of OPVs necessary to develop cheaper, lighter, and cleaner renewable energy throughout the coming decades.

section 1|2 pages

General Overviews

chapter |16 pages

The Story of Solar Cells

ByJohn Perlin

chapter |18 pages

Inorganic Photovoltaic Materials and Devices: Past, Present, and Future

ByAloysius F. Hepp, Sheila G. Bailey, Ryne P. Raffaelle

chapter |12 pages

Natural Organic Photosynthetic Solar Energy Transduction

ByRobert E. Blankenship

chapter |56 pages

Solid-State Organic Photovoltaics: A Review of Molecular and Polymeric Devices

ByPaul A. Lane, Zakya H. Kafafi

section 2|2 pages

Mechanisms and Modeling

chapter |32 pages

Simulations of Optical Processes in Organic Photovoltaic Devices

ByNils-Krister Persson, Olle Inganäs

chapter |22 pages

Coulomb Forces in Excitonic Solar Cells

ByBrian A. Gregg

chapter |22 pages

Electronic Structure of Organic Photovoltaic Materials: Modeling of Exciton-Dissociation and Charge-Recombination Processes

ByJérôme Cornil, Vincent Lemaur, Michelle C. Steel, Hélène Dupin, Annick Burquel, David Beljonne, Jean-Luc Brédas

chapter |32 pages

Optimization of Organic Solar Cells in Both Space and Energy–Time Domains

BySam-Shajing Sun, Carl E. Bonner

section |2 pages

Materials and Devices

chapter |22 pages

Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells

ByHarald Hoppe, Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci

chapter |28 pages

Liquid-Crystal Approaches to Organic Photovoltaics

ByBernard Kippelen, Seunghyup Yoo, Joshua A. Haddock, Benoit Domercq, Stephen Barlow, Britt Minch, Wei Xia, Seth R. Marder, Neal R. Armstrong

chapter |14 pages

Photovoltaic Cells Based on Nanoporous Titania Films Filled with Conjugated Polymers

ByKevin M. Coakley, Michael D. McGehee

chapter |18 pages

Solar Cells Based on Cyanine and Polymethine Dyes

ByHe Tian, Fanshun Meng

chapter |20 pages

Semiconductor Quantum Dot Based Nanocomposite Solar Cells

ByMarvin H. Wu, Akira Ueda, Richard Mu

chapter |16 pages

Solar Cells Based on Composites of Donor Conjugated Polymers and Carbon Nanotubes

ByEmmanuel Kymakis, Gehan A. J. Amaratunga

chapter |20 pages

Photovoltaic Devices Based on Polythiophene/C60

ByL. S. Roman

chapter |16 pages

Alternating Fluorene Copolymer–Fullerene Blend Solar Cells

ByOlle Inganäs, Fengling Zhang, Xiangjun Wang, Abay Gadisa, Nils-Krister Persson, Mattias Svensson, Erik Perzon, Wendimagegn Mammo, Mats R. Andersson

chapter |18 pages

Solar Cells Based on Diblock Copolymers: A PPV Donor Block and a Fullerene Derivatized Acceptor Block

ByRachel A. Segalman, Cyril Brochon, Georges Hadziioannou*

chapter |26 pages

The Influence of the Electrode Choice on the Performance of Organic Solar Cells

ByAleksandra B. Djurišić, Chung Yin Kwong

chapter |16 pages

Conducting and Transparent Polymer Electrodes

ByFengling Zhang, Olle Inganäs

chapter |34 pages

Progress in Optically Transparent Conducting Polymers

ByVenkataramanan Seshadri, Gregory A. Sotzing

chapter |20 pages

Polymer-Fullerene Concentration Gradient Photovoltaic Devices by Thermally Controlled Interdiffusion

ByMartin Drees, Richey M. Davis, Randy Heflin

chapter |20 pages

Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for Organic Photovoltaic Devices

ByMichael H.-C. Jin, Liming Dai