One of the critical issues of our time is the dwindling capacity of the planet to provide life support for a large and growing human population. Based on a symposium on ecosystem health, Managing for Healthy Ecosystems identifies key issues that must be resolved if there is to be progress in this complex area, such as:

  • Evolving methods f
  • part I|352 pages

    Emerging Concepts

    section Section I.1|23 pages

    Setting the Stage

    chapter Chapter 1|6 pages

    Regaining Healthy Ecosystems: The Supreme Challenge of Our Age

    ByDavid J. Rapport

    chapter Chapter 2|4 pages

    The Politics of the Environment

    ByOla Ullsten

    chapter Chapter 3|5 pages

    Environmental Health Research Challenges

    ByKenneth Olden

    section Section I.2|77 pages

    Perspectives on Ecosystem Health

    chapter Chapter 5|2 pages

    Overview: Perspectives on Ecosystem Health

    ByDavid J. Rapport

    chapter Chapter 6|10 pages

    The Ethics of Ecological Integrity and Ecosystem Health: The Interface

    ByLaura Westra

    chapter Chapter 7|13 pages

    Ecological Integrity and Material Growth: Irreconcilable Conflict? *

    ByWilliam E. Rees

    chapter Chapter 8|13 pages

    Population Health Issues in the Management of Air Quality *

    ByRichard T. Burnett, Barry Jessiman, David Stieb, Daniel Krewski

    chapter Chapter 9|8 pages

    Global Environmental Changes and Health: Approaches to Assessing Risks

    ByAnthony J. McMichael, R. Sari Kovats

    chapter Chapter 10|10 pages

    Climate Change and Health: New Research Challenges *

    ByJonathan A. Patz

    chapter Chapter 12|9 pages

    Preparing for the Quantum Leap to Sustainability: A Toolkit for Future-Friendly Cities

    ByMathis Wackernagel, Diana Deumling

    section Section I.3|57 pages

    Building Policies and Linkages

    chapter Chapter 13|2 pages

    Overview: Building Policies and Linkages

    ByBarry W. Wilson

    chapter Chapter 16|17 pages

    Attitudes and Their Influence on Nature Valuation and Management in Relation to Sustainable Development

    ByHans A.M. de Kruijf, Ekko C. van Ierland, C. Martijn van der Heide, Jos N.M. Dekker

    chapter Chapter 17|5 pages

    Humane Values as a Basis for Ecosystem Health

    ByJohn W. Grandy, Allen T. Rutberg

    section Section I.4|66 pages

    Setting Goals and Objectives in Managing for Healthy Ecosystems

    chapter Chapter 20|2 pages

    Overview: Setting Goals and Objectives in Managing for Healthy Ecosystems

    ByRobert T. Lackey

    chapter Chapter 21|8 pages

    Adaptive Restoration: A Strategic Approach for Integrating Research into Restoration Projects

    ByJoy B. Zedler, John C. Callaway

    chapter Chapter 22|12 pages

    Appropriate Use of Ecosystem Health and Normative Science in Ecological Policy

    ByRobert T. Lackey

    chapter Chapter 23|11 pages

    Ecosystem Health: A Flawed Basis for Federal Regulation and Land-Use Management

    ByAllan K. Fitzsimmons

    chapter Chapter 25|22 pages

    Natural Capital Differentiation, Sustainability, and Regional Environmental Policy *

    ByCecilia Collados

    section Section I.5|70 pages

    Finding Indicators

    chapter Chapter 28|12 pages

    Establishing Specifications for Ecological Indicators for the Prediction of Sustainability

    ByWayne G. Landis, John F. McLaughlin

    chapter Chapter 30|10 pages

    Development of a Terrestrial Index of Ecological Integrity (TIEI), a New Tool for Ecosystem Management

    ByJames K. Andreasen, Reed Noss, Nicholas C. Slosser

    chapter Chapter 31|8 pages

    U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development Guidelines for Technical Evaluation of Ecological Indicators

    ByWilliam S. Fisher, Laura E. Jackson, Janis C. Kurtz

    chapter Chapter 32|14 pages

    Toward a Forest Capital Index

    ByBruce A. Wilcox, K. Shawn Smallwood, James R. Kahn

    section Section I.6|54 pages

    Monitoring, Learning, and Adjusting

    chapter Chapter 33|2 pages

    Overview: Monitoring, Learning, and Adjusting

    ByDavid Waltner-Toews

    chapter Chapter 34|13 pages

    Ecosystem Health and Economic Development: Rural Vision to Action

    ByJock R. Anderson

    chapter Chapter 36|10 pages

    Evolving Opportunities for Management of Agricultural Landscapes and Ecosystem Health: Sustainability by Opportunity

    ByJulian Dumanski, Steen Joffe, E.R. Terry, Christian Pieri

    chapter Chapter 37|10 pages

    The Ecological Footprint as Indicator for Sustainable Development — Results of an International Case Study

    ByDetlef P. van Vuuren, E.M.W. Smeets, Hans A.M. de Kruijf

    part II|718 pages

    Issues and Methods

    section Section II.1|74 pages

    Managing for Biodiversity

    chapter Chapter 38|1 pages

    Overview: Managing for Biodiversity

    ByJonna A.K. Mazet

    chapter Chapter 39|16 pages

    The Greater Addo National Park, South Africa: Biodiversity Conservation as the Basis for a Healthy Ecosystem and Human Development Opportunities

    ByGraham I. H. Kerley, André F. Boshoff, Michael H. Knight

    chapter Chapter 41|14 pages

    Mangrove Conservation and Restoration for Enhanced Resilience

    ByNguyen Hoang Tri, Phan Nguyen Hong, W. Neil Adger, P. Mick Kelly

    chapter Chapter 42|9 pages

    A Comparison of Landscape Change Detection Methods

    ByCurtis M. Edmonds, Anne C. Neale, Daniel T. Heggem, James D. Wickham, K. Bruce Jones

    section Section II.2|34 pages

    Assessing and Monitoring Biodiversity

    chapter Chapter 44|3 pages

    Overview: Assessing and Monitoring Biodiversity

    BySantiago Carrizosa

    chapter Chapter 45|6 pages

    Management and Conservation of Tropical Forests with Emphasis on Rare Tree Species in Brazil

    ByFlávio Bertin Gandara, Paulo Y. Kageyama

    chapter Chapter 46|8 pages

    The Effects of Roads on Carnivores: A Case Study of Mountain Lions (Puma concolor) in California

    ByMelissa M. Grigione, Mike B. Johnson

    chapter Chapter 47|10 pages

    A Rapid Method in Ecosystem Mapping and Monitoring as a Tool for Managing Costa Rican Ecosystem Health

    ByMaarten Kappelle, Marco Castro, Heiner Acevedo, Pedro Cordero, Luis González, Edgar Méndez, Huberth Monge

    section Section II.3|65 pages

    Climate Change and Ecosystem Health

    chapter Chapter 49|6 pages

    Overview: Climate Change and Ecosystem Health

    ByRuth A. Reck

    chapter Chapter 50|5 pages

    Climate Change, Birds, and Ecosystems — Why Should We Care?

    ByJeff Price

    chapter Chapter 51|10 pages

    A Checklist for Historical Studies of Species' Responses to Climate Change

    ByRaphael D. Sagarin

    chapter Chapter 53|17 pages

    The Possible Impacts of Climate Change on Pacific Island State Ecosystems

    ByWilliam C.G. Burns

    section Section II.4|28 pages

    Exotic Species: Eradication Revisited

    chapter Chapter 55|2 pages

    Overview: Exotic Species: Eradication Revisited

    ByJames R. Carey

    chapter Chapter 57|8 pages

    Why Not Eradication?

    ByDaniel Simberloff

    chapter Chapter 58|8 pages

    Eradication of Introduced Marine Pests

    ByArmand M. Kuris

    section Section II.5|136 pages

    Landscape Health Assessment

    chapter Chapter 59|7 pages

    Overview: Landscape Health Assessment

    ByGanapati P. Patil

    chapter Chapter 60|10 pages

    Multiscale Advanced Raster Map Analysis System for Measuring Ecosystem Health at Landscape Scale — A Novel Synergistic Consortium Initiative

    ByGanapati P. Patil, Robert P. Brooks, Wayne L. Myers, Charles Taillie

    chapter Chapter 61|11 pages

    Application of Landscape Models to Alternative Futures Analyses

    ByAnne C. Neale, K. Bruce Jones, Maliha S. Nash, Rick D. Van Remortel, James D. Wickham, Kurt H. Riitters, Robert V. O’Neill

    chapter Chapter 62|5 pages

    Echelon Screening of Remotely Sensed Change Indicators

    ByWayne L. Myers, Francis R. Beck

    chapter Chapter 63|8 pages

    Grassland Bird Communities and Environmental Health: The Role of Landscape Features

    ByDouglas H. Johnson, Sharon F. Browder, Maiken Winter

    chapter Chapter 64|14 pages

    An Ecosystem Approach to Human Health

    ByLada V. Kochtcheeva, Ashbindu Singh

    chapter Chapter 65|21 pages

    Predictability of Bird Community-Based Ecological Integrity Using Landscape Measurements

    ByGlen D. Johnson, Wayne L. Myers, Ganapati P. Patil, Timothy J. O’Connell, Robert P. Brooks

    chapter Chapter 66|21 pages

    Landscape Biodiversity and Biological Health Risk Assessment: The Map of Italian Nature

    ByGiovanni Zurlini, Orazio Rossi, Vittorio Amadio

    chapter Chapter 67|32 pages

    Interior Columbia Basin Forests and Rangelands, 1930s to Present *

    ByPaul F. Hessburg, Bradley G. Smith, R. Brion Salter, Roger D. Ottmar, Ernesto Alvarado

    section Section II.6|94 pages

    Communities, Politics, Culture, and Tradition

    chapter Chapter 68|2 pages

    Overview: Communities, Politics, Culture, and Tradition

    ByAlexander H. Harcourt

    chapter Chapter 70|18 pages

    Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators of Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem Health

    ByPaul Bertram, Harvey Shear, Nancy Stadler-Salt, Paul Horvatin

    chapter Chapter 72|9 pages

    Biological Conservation in Mexico: An Overview

    ByExequiel Ezcurra

    chapter Chapter 73|16 pages

    Environmental Impacts of Mobility and Urban Development: A Case Study of the Brussels-Capital Region

    ByPaul Safonov, Vincent Favrel, Walter Hecq

    chapter Chapter 75|8 pages

    Nature Policy Assessments: Strategic Surveying and Assessing Progress across Policy Levels

    ByH.J. Verkaar, Hans A.M. de Kruijf, G.W. Lammers, Rudo Reiling

    section Section II.7|28 pages

    Agriculture and Human Health

    chapter Chapter 77|3 pages

    Overview: Agriculture and Human Health

    ByMarc Schenker

    chapter Chapter 78|5 pages

    Effects of Agriculture on Ecosystem and Human Health

    ByPaul D. Gunderson, Nancy B. Young, Dean T. Stueland

    chapter Chapter 79|2 pages

    Infectious Disease Hazards to Agricultural Workers

    ByDean O. Cliver

    chapter Chapter 80|6 pages

    Size Distribution of PM10 Soil Dust Emissions from Harvesting Crops

    ByRobert T. Matsumura, Lowell Ashbaugh, Teresa James, Omar Carvacho, Robert Flocchini

    chapter Chapter 81|8 pages

    Evaluating Pesticide Effects on Ecosystems and Human Health: The Rotenone Application at Lake Davis

    ByMarylou Verder-Carlos, Michael A. O’Malley

    section Section II.8|102 pages

    Mining Impacts

    chapter Chapter 82|2 pages

    Overview: Mining Impacts

    ByJean Lebel

    chapter Chapter 83|15 pages

    The Ecosystem Approach to Human Health in the Context of Mining in the Developing World

    ByJean Lebel, Lisa Burley

    chapter Chapter 84|8 pages

    Issues of Scale in the Selection and Interpretation of Mineral Indicators

    ByDeborah J. Shields, Slavko V. šolar

    chapter Chapter 85|19 pages

    Conceptual Approaches to Health and Well-Being in Minerals Development: Illustrations with the Case of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

    ByCamilla Maclean, Alyson Warhurst, Philip Milner

    chapter Chapter 87|9 pages

    Integrating Human Health into an Ecosystem Approach to Mining

    ByDonna Mergler

    chapter Chapter 89|12 pages

    Addressing Gaps in Ecosystem Health Assessment: The Case of Mineral Resources

    ByJoy Jacqueline Pereira, Ibrahim Komoo

    section Section II.9|59 pages

    Forest Health Monitoring and Restoration

    chapter Chapter 90|2 pages

    Overview: Forest Health Monitoring and Restoration

    ByBruce A. Wilcox

    chapter Chapter 94|13 pages

    Forest Health Monitoring in the U.S.: A West Coast Perspective

    BySally Campbell, Barbara Conkling, John Coulston, Peter Neitlich, Iral Ragenovich, William Smith

    section Section II.10|50 pages


    chapter Chapter 95|2 pages

    Overview: Integrating Agricultural Production with Ecosystem Health

    ByTerrell P. Salmon

    chapter Chapter 97|6 pages

    Reduced-Disturbance Agroecosystems in California

    ByJeff P. Mitchell, W. Thomas Lanini, Steve R. Temple, Peter N. Brostrom, E.V. Herrero, E.M. Miyao, Timothy S. Prather, Kurt J. Hembree

    chapter Chapter 98|12 pages

    Ecologically Based Pest Management: A Key Pathway to Achieving Agroecosystem Health

    ByMiguel A. Altieri, Clara Ines Nicholls

    chapter Chapter 99|16 pages

    Irrigation, Agricultural Drainage, and Nutrient Loading in the Upper Klamath Basin

    ByStephen R. Kaffka, Ashk Dhawan, Donald W. Kirby

    section Section II.11|44 pages

    Grazing Animals and Rangelands

    chapter Chapter 100|1 pages

    Overview: Grazing Animals and Rangelands

    ByAlbert C. Medvitz

    chapter Chapter 102|3 pages

    A Rancher's Eye View of Grazing Native Grasslands in California

    ByRichard R. Hamilton

    chapter Chapter 103|5 pages

    California Grazing Lands: Science Policy and the Rancher

    ByJack Hanson

    chapter Chapter 104|7 pages

    Reinventing the Range: To Graze or Not to Graze Is Not the Question

    ByLynn Huntsinger

    chapter Chapter 105|9 pages

    California Grazing Lands: Wither They Go *

    ByAlbert G. Medvitz

    chapter Chapter 106|6 pages

    Protecting the Biodiversity of Grasslands Grazed by Livestock in California

    ByRichard J. Reiner

    part III|398 pages

    Case Studies

    section Section III.1|73 pages

    The Colorado River Delta Ecosystem, U.S.-Mexico

    chapter Chapter 108|13 pages

    Physical and Biological Linkages between the Upper and Lower Colorado Delta

    BySaúl Alvarez-Borrego

    chapter Chapter 109|19 pages

    Migratory Bird Conservation and Ecological Health in the Colorado River Delta Region

    ByDaniel W. Anderson, Eduardo Palacios, Eric Mellink, Carlos Valdés-Casillas

    chapter Chapter 110|14 pages

    Wildlife Disease in the Colorado Delta as an Indicator of Ecosystem Health

    ByTonie E. Rocke, Milton Friend

    chapter Chapter 111|10 pages

    Contaminants without Borders: A Regional Assessment of the Colorado River Delta Ecosystem

    ByMiguel A. Mora, Jaqueline García, Maria Carpio-Obeso, Kirke A. King

    chapter Chapter 112|11 pages

    Conservation Value and Water Management Issues of the Wetland and Riparian Habitats in the Colorado River Delta in Mexico

    ByMichael Cohen, Edward P. Glenn, Jason Morrison, Robert J. Glennon

    section Section III.2|88 pages

    Canadian Prairie Ecosystem

    chapter Chapter 114|8 pages

    Historical Land Use and Ecosystem Health of the Canadian Semiarid Prairie Ecosystem

    ByLisa L. Dale-Burnett, Darwin W. Anderson

    chapter Chapter 115|7 pages

    Health and Well-Being in a Changing Environment: Perceptions of a Rural Senior Saskatchewan Population

    ByMary B. MacDonald, Gail Remus

    chapter Chapter 116|14 pages

    Prairie Ecosystem Study (PECOS): From Community to Chemical Elements, the Essential Role of Questionnaires

    ByHelen H. McDuffie, K.M. Semchuk, Margaret M. Crossley, A. Senthilselvan, Alan M. Rosenberg, Louise Hagel, Allan J. Cessna, D.G. Irvine, D.L. Ledingham

    chapter Chapter 118|18 pages

    Evaluating Agroecosystem Sustainability Using an Integrated Model

    ByKen W. Belcher, M. Boehm

    chapter Chapter 119|8 pages

    Prediction of Soil Salinity Risk by Digital Terrain Modeling in the Canadian Prairies *

    ByIgor V. Florinsky, Robert G. Eilers, Glenn W. Lelyk

    section Section III.3|64 pages

    Aquatic Ecosystems: Lake Tahoe and Clear Lake, California

    chapter Chapter 120|2 pages

    Overview: Aquatic Ecosystems: Lake Tahoe and Clear Lake, California

    ByDennis E. Rolston

    chapter Chapter 121|34 pages

    Evaluating and Managing a Multiply Stressed Ecosystem at Clear Lake, California: A Holistic Ecosystem Approach

    ByThomas H. Suchanek, P.J. Richerson, D.C. Nelson, C.A. Eagles-Smith, D.W. Anderson, Joseph J. Cech, R. Zierenberg, G. Schladow, J.F. Mount, S.C. McHatton, D.G. Slotten, L.B. Webber, Brian J. Swisher, A.L. Bern, M. Sexton

    chapter Chapter 122|10 pages

    Trans-Gill and Dietary Uptake of Methyl Mercury by the Sacramento Blackfish, a Planktivorous Freshwater Fish

    ByJoseph J. Cech, Monica Heekyoung Choi, Ann G. Houck

    chapter Chapter 123|16 pages

    An Integrated Watershed Approach to Studying Ecosystem Health at Lake Tahoe, CA–NV

    ByJohn E. Reuter, Thomas A. Cahill, Steven S. Cliff, Charles R. Goldman, Alan C. Heyvaert, Alan D. Jassby, Susan Lindstrom, David M. Rizzo

    section Section III.4|58 pages

    Aquatic Ecosystems: New York, Maryland, and Florida

    chapter Chapter 124|2 pages

    Overview: Aquatic Ecosystems: New York, Maryland, and Florida

    ByDennis E. Rolston

    chapter Chapter 125|24 pages

    A Tale of Two Models: IMPLAN and REMI on the Economics of Everglades Restoration

    ByRichard Weisskoff

    chapter Chapter 126|14 pages

    Analysis of Land Cover and Water Quality in the New York Catskill-Delaware Basins

    ByMegan H. Mehaffey, Timothy G. Wade, Maliha S. Nash, Curtis M. Edmonds

    chapter Chapter 127|16 pages

    Using a Knowledge Base to Assess the Effects of Stream Stressors

    ByLester Yuan

    section Section III.5|74 pages

    The Langat Basin of Malaysia

    chapter Chapter 128|2 pages

    Overview: The Langat Basin of Malaysia

    ByNicholas W. Lerche

    chapter Chapter 129|10 pages

    Ecosystem Health in Malaysia: A Case Study of the Langat Basin

    ByM. Nordin, Joy Jacqueline Pereira, Ahmad Fariz Mohamed, Saiful Arif Abdullah, Ibrahim Komoo, Shahruddin Idrus, Pauzi Abdullah, Abdul Hadi Harman Shah, Abdullah Samat, Rospidah Ghazali, W. Mohd Muhiyuddin, Muhammad Abu Yusuf

    chapter Chapter 130|13 pages

    Manufacturing Industries and Ecosystem Health: The Case of the Langat Basin

    ByAhmad Fariz Mohamed, M. Nordin

    chapter Chapter 131|10 pages

    Diagnosing Ecosystem Health of the Langat Basin in the Context of Geohazards

    ByIbrahim Komoo, Joy Jacqueline Pereira, W. Mohd Muhiyuddin

    chapter Chapter 132|25 pages

    River Water Quality Assessment and Ecosystem Health: Langat River Basin, Selangor, Malaysia

    ByMuhammad Abu Yusuf, M. Nordin, Pauzi Abdullah

    section Section III.6|38 pages

    Pollution: MTBE

    chapter Chapter 135|12 pages

    MTBE in Groundwater of the U.S.: Occurrence, Potential Sources, and Long-Range Transport

    ByMichael J. Moran, John S. Zogorski, Paul J. Squillace

    chapter Chapter 136|12 pages

    The European Perspective of MTBE as an Oxygenate in Fuels

    ByEberhard Morgenroth, Erik Arvin

    chapter Chapter 137|10 pages

    Cost-Benefit Considerations for the Introduction of Gasoline Additives Such as MTBE

    ByArturo A. Keller, Linda Fernandez