Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Early diagnosis can improve the effectiveness of treatment and increase a patient's chances of survival. Thus, there is an urgent need for new technology to diagnose small, malignant lung nodules early as well as large nodules located away from large diameter airways because

chapter 1|16 pages

A Novel Three-Dimensional Framework for Automatic Lung Segmentation from Low- Dose Computed Tomography Images

ByAyman El-Baz, Georgy Gimel’farb, Robert Falk, and Mohamed Abo El-Ghar

chapter 2|34 pages

- Incremental Engineering of Lung Segmentation Systems

ByAvishkar Misra, Arcot Sowmya, Paul Compton

chapter 3|14 pages

- 3D MGRF-Based Appearance Modeling for Robust Segmentation of Pulmonary Nodules in 3D LDCT Chest Images

ByAyman El-Baz, Georgy Gimel’farb, Robert Falk, and Mohamed Abo El-Ghar

chapter 5|24 pages

- Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography Lung Registration Methods

ByAnand P. Santhanam, Yugang Min, Jannick P. Rolland, Celina Imielinska, and Patrick A. Kupelian

chapter 6|28 pages

- Pulmonary Kinematics via Registration of Serial Lung Images

ByTessa Cook, Gang Song, Nicholas J. Tustison, Drew Torigian, Warren B. Gefter, James Gee

chapter 7|14 pages

- Acquisition and Automated Analysis of Normal and Pathological Lungs in Small Animals Using Microcomputed Tomography

ByXabier Artaechevarria, Mario Ceresa, Arrate Muñoz- Barrutia, and Carlos Ortiz-de- Solorzano

chapter 8|38 pages

- Airway Segmentation and Analysis from Computed Tomography

ByBenjamin Irving, Andrew Todd-Pokropek, Paul Taylor

chapter 9|32 pages

Pulmonary Vessel Segmentation for Multislice CT Data: Methods and Applications

ByJens N. Kaftan, Til Aach

chapter 10|18 pages

- A Novel Level Set-Based Computer-Aided Detection System for Automatic Detection of Lung Nodules in Low-Dose Chest Computed Tomography Scans

ByAyman El-Baz, Aly Farag, Georgy Gimel’farb, Robert Falk, and Mohamed Abo El-Ghar

chapter 11|28 pages

- Model-Based Methods for Detection of Pulmonary Nodules

ByPaulo R. S. Mendonça, Rahul Bhotika, Robert Kaucic

chapter 14|20 pages

- Lung Nodule and Tumor Detection and Segmentation

ByJinghao Zhou, Dimitris N. Metaxas

chapter 15|26 pages

Texture Classi˜cation in Pulmonary CT

ByLauge Sørensen, Mehrdad J. Gangeh, Saher B. Shaker, and Marleen de Bruijne

chapter 16|26 pages

- Computer-Aided Assessment and Stenting of Tracheal Stenosis

ByRômulo Pinho, Kurt G. Tournoy, Jan Sijbers

chapter 17|10 pages

- Appearance Analysis for the Early Assessment of Detected Lung Nodules

ByAyman El-Baz, Georgy Gimel’farb, Robert Falk, Mohamed Abo El-Ghar, and Jasjit Suri