The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes.

Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition:

  • Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters
  • Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables

A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

part I

Sensors and Sensor Technology

chapter 1

Soft Sensors: Software-Based Sensors

ByPetr Kadlec

chapter 2

Implantable Systems

ByVincenzo Luciano, Emilio Sardini, Alessandro Dionisi, Mauro Serpelloni, Andrea Cadei

chapter 3

Bio-Inspired and Life-Inspired Sensors

ByCesar Ortega-Sanchez, Halit Eren

chapter 4

Image Sensors

ByMehdi Habibi

chapter 5

Principles and Technology of SQUIDs

ByRobert L. Fagaly

chapter 6

Next Generation of Smart Sensors

ByMichael E. Stanley, Stéphane Gervais-Ducouret

chapter 7

Needle-Type Environmental Sensors

ByWoo Hyoung Lee, Jin-Hwan Lee, Woo-Hyuck Choi, Ian Papautsky, Paul L. Bishop

chapter 8

Single-Chip Chemical and Biological Sensors

ByAlireza Hassanzadeh, Robert G. Lindquist

chapter 9

CMOS Integrated Gas Sensors

ByPrasanta K. Guha, Sumita Santra, Julian W. Gardner

chapter 10

Energy Harvesting for Sensors: DC Harvesters

ByOscar Lopez-Lapeña, Maria Teresa Penella, Manel Gasulla

chapter 11

Energy Harvesting for Sensors: AC Harvesters

ByMaria Teresa Penella, Oscar Lopez-Lapeña, Manel Gasulla

chapter 12

Hydrogen Gas Sensors: Flow

ByH. El Matbouly, F. Domingue, V. Palmisano, L. Boon-Brett

chapter 13

Thermal Sensors: Flow

ByNam-Trung Nguyen

chapter 14

SQUID Magnetometers

ByRobert L. Fagaly

chapter 15

Sensor Networks and Communication

ByRobert M. Crovella

part II

Electrical Variables

chapter 16

Electric Current Sensors *

ByPavel Ripka

chapter 18

Meter Voltage Measurement

ByAlessandro Ferrero

chapter 19

Oscilloscope Voltage Measurement

ByJerry Murphy

chapter 20

Inductive and Capacitive Voltage Measurement

ByCipriano Bartoletti, Luca Podestà, Giancarlo Sacerdoti

chapter 21

Current Measurement

ByDouglas P. McNutt

chapter 22

Power Measurement

ByPasquale Arpaia, Francesco Avallone, Aldo Baccigalupi, Carmine Landi

chapter 23

Power Factor Measurement

ByMichael Z. Lowenstein

chapter 24

Phase Measurement

ByPeter O’Shea

chapter 25

Energy Measurement

ByArnaldo Brandolini, Alessandro Gandelli

chapter 26

Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity

ByMichael B. Heaney

chapter 27

Charge Measurement

BySaps Buchman, John T. Mester, T.J. Sumner

chapter 28

Capacitance and Capacitance Measurements

ByHalit Eren

chapter 29

Permeability and Hysteresis Measurement

ByJeff P. Anderson, Richard J. Blotzer

chapter 30

Inductance Measurement

ByMichal Szyper

chapter 31

Immittance Measurement

ByAchim Dreher

chapter 32

Distortion Measurement

ByMichael F. Toner, Gordon W. Roberts

chapter 33

Noise Measurement

ByW. Marshall Leach

part III

Electromagnetic Variables

chapter 34

Microwave Measurement

ByAlfons Dehé, K. Beilenhoff, K. Fricke, H. Klingbeil, V. Krozer, H.L. Hartnagel

chapter 35

Q Factor Measurement

ByAlbert D. Helfrick

chapter 36

EMI and EMC Test Methods

ByJeffrey P. Mills

chapter 37

Permittivity Measurement

ByDevendra K. Misra

chapter 38

Electric-Field Strength

ByDavid A. Hill, Motohisa Kanda

chapter 39

Magnetic Field Measurement

ByRobert L. Fagaly, Steven A. Macintyre

chapter 40

RF/Microwave Spectrum Analysis

ByRoberto Ambrosini, Stelio Montebugnoli, Claudio Bortolotti, Mauro Roma

part IV

Time and Frequency

chapter 41

Time Measurement

ByMichael A. Lombardi

chapter 42

Frequency Measurement

ByMichael A. Lombardi

part V


chapter 43

Photoconductive Sensors

ByFritz Schuermeyer, Thad Pickenpaugh

chapter 44

Photojunction Sensors

ByMichael R. quillante, Kanai S. Shah, James F. Christian

chapter 45

Vision and Image Sensors

ByStanley S. Ipson, Chima Okereke

chapter 46

Charge-Coupled Devices

ByJohn A. Nousek, M.W. Bautz, B.E. Burke, J.A. Gregory, R.E. Griffiths, R.L. Kraft, H.L. Kwok, D.H. Lumb

chapter 47

Densitometry Measurement

ByJoseph H. Altman

chapter 48


ByRobert T. Marcus

chapter 49

Polarization Measurement

BySoe-Mie F. Nee

chapter 50

Refractive Index Measurement

ByGerry H. Meeten

chapter 51

Turbidity Measurement

ByDaniel Harrison, Michael Fisch

chapter 52

Laser Output Measurement

ByHaiyin Sun

chapter 53

Optical Loss: Principles and Applications

ByM.M. Rad, Halit Eren, Martin Maier

part VI

Chemical Variables

chapter 55

Electrochemical Composition Measurement

ByMichael J. Schöning, Arshak Poghossian, Olaf Glück, Marion Thust

chapter 56

Thermal Composition Measurement

ByMushtaq Ali, Behrooz Pahlavanpour, Maria Eklund

chapter 57

Kinetic Composition Measurement

ByE.E. Uzgiris, J.Y. Gui

chapter 58

Chromatography Composition Measurement

ByBehrooz Pahlavanpour, Mushtaq Ali, C.K. Laird

chapter 59

pH Measurement

ByNorman F. Sheppard, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie

part VII

Medical, Biomedical, and Health

chapter 60

Wireless Sensor Networks in Health

ByEnrique Dorronzoro, Isabel Gómez, Ana Verónica Medina, Luis Fernández-Luque, Jose Antonio Gómez

chapter 61

Sensors for Electrical Impedance Tomography

ByTushar Kanti Bera, J. Nagaraju

chapter 62

Patient-Care Sensing and Monitoring Systems

ByAkihiro Kajiwara, Ryohei Nakamura

chapter 63

Sensor-Based Activity Recognition Techniques

ByDonghai Guan, Weiwei Yuan, Sungyoung Lee

chapter 64

Biopotentials and Electrophysiology Measurement

ByNitish V. Thakor

chapter 65

Blood Pressure Measurement

ByShyam Rithalia, Mark Sun, Roger Jones

chapter 66

Blood Flow Measurements

ByPer Ask, P. Åke Öberg

chapter 67

Medical Imaging

ByJames T. Dobbins III, Sean M. Hames, Bruce H. Hasegawa, Timothy R. DeGrado, James A. Zagzebski, Richard Frayne

chapter 68

Blood Chemistry Measurement

ByTerry L. Rusch, Ravi Sankar

chapter 69

Human Occupancy Detectors

ByJacob Fraden

part VIII


chapter 70

GPR Principles and Applications

ByJan Francke

chapter 72

72-1In Situ Sensors for Monitoring the Marine Environment

ByGraham A. Mills, Gary R. Fones, Silke Kröger

chapter 73

Mobile Environmental Sensing Using Smartphones

BySiamak Aram, A. Toriono, F. Rugiano, E. Pasero

chapter 74

Space Dosimetry

ByJarvis A. Caffrey, David M. Hamby

chapter 77

Air Pollution Monitoring

ByMichael Bennett

chapter 78

Water Quality Measurement

ByKathleen M. Leonard

chapter 79

Satellite Imaging and Sensing

ByRobert F. Cromp

chapter 80

Humidity and Moisture Measurement

ByGert J.W. Visscher

chapter 81

Ventilation Measurement

ByL. Basano, P. Ottonello

chapter 82

Meteorological Measurement

ByJohn D. Garrison, Stephen B.W. Roeder

chapter 83

Robotics and Sensors: Environmental Applications

ByGourab Sen Gupta

part IX

Signal Processing

chapter 84


ByDavid M. Beams

chapter 85


ByRahman Jamal, Robert Steer

chapter 86

Spectrum Analysis and Correlation

ByRonney B. Panerai

chapter 87

Applied Intelligence Processing

ByPeter H. Sydenham, Rodney Pratt

chapter 88

Analog-to-Digital Converters

ByE.B. Loewenstein

chapter 89


ByA.M. MacLeod, P.F. Martin, W.A. Gillespie

chapter 90

Grounding and Shielding

ByDaryl Gerke, William Kimmel

chapter 91

Amplifiers and Signal Conditioners

ByRamón Pallás-Areny

chapter 92

Data Acquisition Systems

ByEdward McConnell

part X

Displays and Recorders

chapter 93

Plasma-Driven Flat Panel Displays

ByRobert T. McGrath, Ramanapathy Veerasingam, William C. Moffatt, Robert B. Campbell

chapter 94

Electroluminescent Displays

ByWilliam A. Barrow

chapter 95

Light-Emitting Diode Displays

ByMohammad A. Karim

chapter 96

Magnetic and Optical Recording

ByYufeng Li

chapter 97

Liquid Crystal Displays

ByKalluri R. Sarma

chapter 98

Cathode Ray Tube Displays

ByChristopher J. Sherman