Increased environmental consciousness within the scientific community has spurred the search for environmentally friendly processes as alternatives to conventional organic solvents. In the past two decades, numerous advances-including the use of ionic liquids-have made it possible to develop substitutes for some toxic solvents. Ionic liquids are wi

chapter 1|8 pages


ByToshiyuki Itoh

chapter 2|22 pages

Organic synthesis using an ionic liquid as a reaction medium

ByToshiyuki Itoh

chapter 3|36 pages

Biocatalysis in ionic liquids

ByPedro Lozano, Juana M. Bernal, Eduardo García- Verdugo, Michel Vaultier, and Santiago V. Luis

chapter 4|20 pages

Deep eutectic solvents: Promising solvents and nonsolvent solutions for biocatalysis

ByPablo Domínguez de María

chapter 5|22 pages

Synthesis and applications of ionic liquids as pharmaceutical materials

ByHua Zhao, Sanjay V. Malhotra

chapter 6|30 pages

Ionic liquids as versatile media for chemical reactions

ByJackson D. Scholten, Brenno A. D. Neto, Paulo A. Z. Suarez, Jairton Dupont