ABSTRACT

In recognition of the importance of road safety as a major health issue, the World Health Organization has declared 2011-2021 the Decade of Safety Action. Several countries in Europe, North America, and Asia have been successful in reducing fatalities and injuries due to road traffic crashes. However, many low-income countries continue to experience high rates of traffic fatalities and injuries.

Transport Planning and Traffic Safety: Making Cities, Roads, and Vehicles Safer offers a source book for road safety training courses as well as an introductory textbook for graduate-level courses on road safety taught in engineering institutes. It brings together the international experiences and lessons learned from countries which have been successful in reducing traffic crashes and their applicability in low-income countries. The content is based on lectures delivered during an international course on transportation planning and traffic safety, sponsored annually by the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP) at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

The book is interdisciplinary and aimed at professionals—traffic and road engineers, vehicle designers, law enforcers, and transport planners. The authors examine trends in performance of OECD countries and highlight the public health and systems approach of traffic safety with the vulnerable road user in focus. Topics include land use (transportation planning, mobility, and safety), safety education and legislation, accident analysis, road safety research, human tolerance to injury, vehicle design, safety in construction zones, safety in urban areas, traffic calming, public transportation, safety laws and policies, and pre-hospital care of the injured.

chapter 1|16 pages

Understanding the Road Safety Performance of OECD Countries

ByKavi Bhalla, Dinesh Mohan

chapter 2|12 pages

Road Traffic Injury as a Public Health Problem

ByDinesh Mohan

chapter 3|16 pages

Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries

ByKavi Bhalla

chapter 4|14 pages

Land Use-Transportation Planning, Mobility and Safety

ByGeetam Tiwari

chapter 5|12 pages

Safety Promotion: Education and Legislation

ByDinesh Mohan

chapter 6|18 pages

Recording of Traffic Crashes

ByGeetam Tiwari

chapter 8|18 pages

Statistical Considerations in Road Safety Research

ByShrikant I. Bangdiwala

chapter 9|10 pages

Speed and its Effects on Road Traffic Crashes

ByDinesh Mohan

chapter 10|8 pages

Human Tolerance to Injury: Role of Biomechanics and Ergonomics

ByDinesh Mohan

chapter 11|6 pages

Safer Vehicle Design

BySudipto Mukherjee, Anoop Chawla

chapter 12|12 pages

Risk Evaluation and Road Safety

BySylvain Lassarre

chapter 13|12 pages

Investigating Driving Failures and Their Factors by In-Depth Accident Studies

ByAccident Studies Pierre Van Elslande

chapter 14|12 pages

Human Body Models

ByKarin Brolin

chapter 15|22 pages

Highway Safety in India

ByGeetam Tiwari

chapter 16|14 pages

Highway Construction Zone Safety Audit

ByKumar Neeraj Jha

chapter 17|18 pages

Road Safety in Urban Areas

chapter 18|22 pages

Urban Safety and Mobility

ByGeetam Tiwari

chapter 19|22 pages

Urban Safety and Traffic Calming

ByChrister Hyden

chapter 20|16 pages

Public Transport and Safety

ByGeetam Tiwari, Dinesh Mohan

chapter 22|16 pages

Road Safety Law and Policy

ByGirish Agrawal

chapter 23|14 pages

Pre-Hospital Care of the Injured

ByMathew Varghese