Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability.

This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering.

This book is pertinent for researchers and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, industrial chemistry, environmental engineering, materials engineering, and manufacturing.

chapter 1|28 pages

Subcritical Water Technology in Bioproducts Extraction and Nanocellulose Production

ByFlorin Barla, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 2|22 pages

Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

ByEleazer P. Resurreccion, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 3|15 pages

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Terrestrial and Aquatic Biomass

ByFlorin Barla, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 4|17 pages

Hydrothermal Carbonization for Producing Carbon Materials

ByAnuj Thakkar, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 5|21 pages

Supercritical Water Gasification of Biomass: Technology and Challenges

ByAnuj Thakkar, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 6|19 pages

Supercritical Water Oxidation of Hazardous Waste

ByChen Li, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 7|22 pages

Hydrothermal Mineralization

ByElena Barbera, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 8|23 pages

Supercritical Water Processing of Coal to Liquid Fuels

ByMaoqi Feng

chapter 9|22 pages

Hydrothermal Processing of Heavy Oil and Bitumen

ByEleazer P. Resurreccion, Sandeep Kumar

chapter 10|17 pages

Potential Use of Subcritical Water Technology in Polymer Fibers Recycling

ByFlorin Barla, Sandeep Kumar