Compiled by internationally recognized experts in trauma critical care,this sourcediscusses the entire gamut of critical care management of the trauma patient and covers several common complications and conditions treated in surgical intensive care units that are not specifically related to trauma. Utilizing evidence-based guidelines where they ex

chapter |22 pages

SECTION A: Basic Science Preview

chapter 2|22 pages

Pulmonary Physiology Review

ByShamsuddin Akhtar

chapter 3|14 pages

Cardiovascular Physiology Review

ByGerard R. Manecke, Jr. and David M. Roth

chapter 4|18 pages

Clinical Pharmacology Review

ByDoug Humber, Farivar Jahansouz

chapter 6|22 pages

Neuromuscular Blockade for Trauma and Critical Care

ByNitin Shah

chapter 7|20 pages

Neurological Monitoring

ByAhmed Fikry Attaallah, W. Andrew Kofke

chapter 8|10 pages

Respiratory Monitoring

ByJonathan B. Cohen, Enrico M. Camporesi, and Hans. W. Schweiger

chapter 9|16 pages

Cardiovascular Monitoring

ByWilliam C. Chiu

chapter 10|14 pages

Splanchnic and Renal Monitoring

ByEamon O’Reilly and Eugenio Lujan

chapter 11|16 pages

Temperature Monitoring

ByAbdallah Kabbara, Charles E. Smith

chapter 13|18 pages

Spinal Cord Injury: Critical Care Management

ByChristopher Junker, Lucia Palladino

chapter 14|20 pages

Management of Intracerebral Vascular Catastrophes

ByRahul Jandial, Henry E. Aryan, Samuel A. Hughes, and Hoi Sang U

chapter 15|22 pages

Pediatric Neurological Trauma and Other Emergencies

ByRukaiya K. Hamid, Philippa Newfield, Michael L. Levy, Rahul Jandial, Peter J. Davis

chapter 16|14 pages

Brain Death and Organ Donation

ByJohn K. Stene, Rahul Jandial

chapter 17|18 pages

Hemodynamic Management

ByDonnelle L. Crouse, Martin Straznicky, William C. Wilson

chapter 18|24 pages


ByJames Gordon Cain, Jonathan B. Cohen, Erik B. Kistler, Enrico M. Camporesi

chapter 19|20 pages

Myocardial Ischemia

BySteven L. Orebaugh

chapter 20|24 pages

Dysrhythmia: Diagnosis and Management

ByJanice Bitetti, Sung Lee

chapter 21|26 pages

Transesophageal Echocardiography for Trauma and Critical Care

ByPeter Mair, Daniel P. Vezina, Ramon Sanchez

chapter 22|22 pages

Cardiopulmonary Mechanical Assist Devices

ByMarc E. Stone, Sacha Salzberg, Douglas N. Mellinger, William C. Wilson

chapter 24|10 pages

The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

ByPaul A. Campbell, Benoit Misset, Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish, Michael A. Matthay

chapter 25|20 pages

Critical Care Considerations Following Chest Trauma

ByJudith C. F. Hwang, Eric R. Amador, Leland H. Hanowell

chapter 26|20 pages

Respiratory Care

ByWilliam T. Peruzzi, Kenneth D. Candido

chapter 27|20 pages

Mechanical Ventilation

ByWilliam C. Wilson, Anushirvan Minokadeh, Richard Ford, Tobias Moeller-Bertram

chapter 28|22 pages

Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation

ByUlrike B. Eisenmann, Anushirvan Minokadeh, William C. Wilson

chapter 31|14 pages

Nutritional and Metabolic Evaluation and Monitoring

ByEugene Golts, Jua Choi, William C. Wilson, Samme Fuchs, Niren Angle

chapter 32|22 pages

Enteral Nutrition

ByCristina Guerra, Joseph F. Rappold, Jua Choi

chapter 33|14 pages

Parenteral Nutrition

ByGrant V. Bochicchio, Shelley Nehman, Jua Choi

chapter 34|14 pages

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

ByDevashish J. Anjaria, David B. Hoyt

chapter 35|18 pages

Liver Dysfunction in the Previously Well Patient

ByJoel R. Peerless

chapter 36|16 pages

Acute Fulminant Hepatic Failure

ByBrian McGrath, Shobana Chandrasekar, Rhonda K. Martin, Tarek Hassanein

chapter 37|22 pages

The Cirrhotic Patient

ByMarie L. Borum, Christopher R. Entwisle, Todd N. Witte

chapter 38|14 pages

Artificial Liver and Blood Cleansing Techniques

ByTarek Hassanein, Jan Stange, Sangeeta N. Bhatia

chapter 39|16 pages

Acute Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Injuries

ByMatthew H. Katz, A. R. Moossa, Michael Bouvet

chapter 40|16 pages

Oliguria: Renal Failure vs. Renal Success

ByEmilio B. Lobato, Robert R. Kirby

chapter 41|16 pages

Pathogenesis and Evaluation of Renal Failure

ByLakhmir Chawla, William C. Wilson

chapter 42|8 pages

Renal Protective Agents in Trauma and Critical Care

ByLudwig H. Lin, A. Sue Carlisle

chapter 43|16 pages

Dialysis Therapies

ByOmaran Abdeen, Shamik Shah, Ravindra Mehta

chapter 44|18 pages

Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders

ByAmy A. McDonald, Charles J. Yowler

chapter 45|18 pages

Acid–Base Disorders

ByLewis J. Kaplan, John A. Kellum

chapter 47|12 pages


ByTheo N. Kirkland, Jeanne Lee

chapter 48|22 pages

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

ByThomas Genuit, Lena M. Napolitano

chapter 49|12 pages

Indwelling Vascular Catheter–Related Infection and Sepsis

ByMichael G. Seneff, Ahmet Can Senel

chapter 50|24 pages

Abdominal Infections in Trauma and Critical Care

ByBruce Potenza, Jason Marengo, Sara Minasyan

chapter 51|8 pages


ByQuyen T. Nguyen, Terence M. Davidson

chapter 52|20 pages

Immunity and Immunodeficiency in Trauma and Critical Care

ByElizabeth H. Sinz, William C. Wilson, Vishal Bansal

chapter 53|34 pages

Antimicrobial Therapy

ByCharles L. James, Leland S. Rickman, Mark A. Swancutt

chapter 54|22 pages

Anemia: Diagnosis and Treatment

ByDebra L. Malone, Lena M. Napolitano

chapter 55|24 pages

Thrombocytopenia and Thrombocytosis

ByDonald M. Arnold, Theodore E. Warkentin

chapter 56|20 pages

Venous Thromboembolism

ByNiten Singh, Jon C. White

chapter 57|12 pages

Leukocytosis and Leukopenia

ByTheodore E. Warkentin

chapter 58|16 pages

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

ByJoanne Ondrush, Christopher Junker

chapter 59|20 pages

Rational Use of Blood Products for Trauma and Critical Care

ByColin F. Mackenzie, Daniel Scheidegger

chapter 60|10 pages

Glucose and Insulin Management in Critical Care

ByDieter Mesotten, Ilse Vanhorebeek, and Greet Van den Berghe

chapter 61|18 pages

Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders in Critical Care

ByJon C. White, Eric S. Nylen

chapter 62|10 pages

Adrenal Suppression and Crisis

ByTareg Bey, Eleni Pentheroudakis

chapter 63|30 pages

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS): Cellular and Humoral Mediators

ByDebra L. Malone, Lena M. Napolitano

chapter 64|12 pages

Providing Family-Centered Care

ByCatherine McCoy-Hill, William C. Wilson

chapter 65|26 pages

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Trauma and Critical Care

ByRobert Stone, Catherine McCoy-Hill, Troy L. Holbrook, William C. Wilson, David B. Hoyt

chapter 66|18 pages

Rehabilitation for Trauma and Critical Care

ByJ. C. Heygood, Kerrie Olexa

chapter 68|8 pages

End of Life: Spiritual and Cultural Considerations

ByAnne J. Sutcliffe, William C. Wilson, Catherine McCoy-Hill

chapter 69|10 pages

Palliative Care During the WIthholding or Withdrawal of Life Support

ByWilliam C. Wilson, Catherine McCoy-Hill, Anne J. Sutcliffe

chapter 70|8 pages

Critical Care Rounds, Notes, and Use of Consultants

ByJose´ A. Acosta, William C. Wilson, and Raul Coimbra

chapter 71|12 pages

Economics of Trauma and Critical Care

ByPedro Alejandro Mendez-Tellez, Todd Dorman

chapter 72|14 pages

Remote Management of Trauma and Critical Care

ByJose´ Manuel Rodrı´guez-Paz, Todd Dorman, and Joseph F. Rappold

chapter 73|8 pages

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Trauma and Critical Care

ByEnrico M. Camporesi and Irving “Jake” Jacoby

chapter 74|12 pages

Severity of Illness Scoring for Trauma and Critical Care

ByRaul Coimbra, Tercio de Campos, and Catherine McCoy-Hill