This book examines comparatively how the writing of history by individuals and groups, historians, politicians and journalists has been used to "legitimate" the nation-state agianst socialist, communist and catholic internationalism in the modern era. Covering the whole of Western Europe, the book includes discussion of:
* history as legitimation in post-revolutionary France
* unity and confederation in the Italian Risorgimento
* German historians as critics of Prussian conservatism
* right-wing history writing in France between the wars
* British historiography from Macauley to Trevelyan
* the search for national identity in the reunified Germany.

part |2 pages

Part I Comparative perspectives

chapter 1|12 pages

Apologias for the nation-state in Western Europe since 1800

ByStefan Berger with Mark Donovan and Kevin Passmore

chapter 2|15 pages

Nationalism and historiography, 1789–1996

The German example in historical perspective
ByGeorg G. Iggers

chapter 3|17 pages

Literature, liberty and life of the nation

British historiography from Macaulay to Trevelyan
ByBenedikt Stuchtey

part |2 pages

Part II

chapter 4|8 pages

History as a principle of legitimation in France (1820–48)

ByCeri Crossley

chapter 5|12 pages

National unification and narrative unity

The case of Ranke’s German History
ByPatrick Bahners

chapter 6|14 pages

Unity and confederation in the Italian Risorgimento

The case of Carlo Cattaneo
ByMartin Thom

part |2 pages

Part III

chapter 7|12 pages

Taine and the nation-state

ByStuart Jones

chapter 8|14 pages

‘Prussians in a good sense’

German historians as critics of Prussian conservatism, 1890–1920
ByAlastair Thompson

chapter 9|12 pages

The search for a ‘national’ history

Italian historiographical trends following unification
ByMauro Moretti

part |2 pages

Part IV

chapter 11|13 pages

From antifascist to Volkshistoriker: demos and ethnos in the political

thought of Fritz Rörig, 1921–45
ByDemos and ethnos in the political Peter Lambert

chapter 12|11 pages

Reclaiming Italy? Antifascist historians and history in

Antifascist historians and history in Justice and Liberty
ByPhilip Morgan

part |2 pages

Part V

chapter 13|13 pages

Right-wing historiographical models in France, 1918–45

ByBertram M. Gordon

chapter 14|13 pages

German historiography under National Socialism

Dreams of a powerful nation-state and German Volkstum come true
ByHans Schleier

chapter 15|14 pages

Gioacchino Volpe and fascist historiography in Italy

ByMartin Clark

part |2 pages

Part VI

chapter 16|12 pages

Rebuilding France

Gaullist historiography, the rise—fall myth and French identity (1945–58)
ByHugo Frey

chapter 17|13 pages

Dividing the past, defining the present

Historians and national identity in the two Germanies
ByMary Fulbrook

chapter 18|7 pages

A neglected question

Historians and the Italian national state (1945–95)
ByRoberto Vivarelli

part |2 pages

Part VII

chapter 19|13 pages

Historians and the nation in contemporary France

ByJulian Jackson

chapter 21|14 pages

Historians and the ‘First Republic’

ByCarl Levy

part |2 pages

Part VIII Conclusion

chapter 22|24 pages

Historians and the nation-state

Some conclusions
ByKevin Passmore with Stefan Berger and Mark Donovan