ABSTRACT

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

chapter 1|17 pages

Before 1939

chapter 2|6 pages

War and resistance

By1939–45

chapter 3|17 pages

Social Democracy and West European recovery

By1945–58

chapter 4|12 pages

The Stalinist model in Eastern Europe

By1945–61

chapter |12 pages

Democratic Socialists, Communists and the New Left

By1956–68

chapter 6|19 pages

The climax of European Social Democracy?

By1969–82

chapter 7|7 pages

The Soviet Empire

Stagnation under Brezhnev, 1964–82

chapter 8|21 pages

Democratic Socialism in retreat

By1982–92

chapter 9|16 pages

Gorbachev and the collapse of the Soviet Empire

By1982–92

chapter |9 pages

Notes

chapter |7 pages

Chronology