Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. Different disciplines have studied lexical structure from their own vantage points, and because scholars have only intermittently communicated across disciplines, there has been little recognition that there is a common subject matter. The conference on which this volume is based brought together interested thinkers across the disciplines of linguistics, philosophy, psychology, and computer science to exchange ideas, discuss a range of questions and approaches to the topic, consider alternative research strategies and methodologies, and formulate interdisciplinary hypotheses concerning lexical organization. The essay subjects discussed include:

* alternative and complementary conceptions of the structure of the lexicon,

* the nature of semantic relations and of polysemy,

* the relation between meanings, concepts, and lexical organization,

* critiques of truth-semantics and referential theories of meaning,

* computational accounts of lexical information and structure, and

* the advantages of thinking of the lexicon as ordered.

chapter |18 pages


ByEva Feder Kittay, Adrienne Lehrer

part I|169 pages

Principles of Organization

chapter 1|54 pages

Frames, Concepts, and Conceptual Fields

ByLawrence W. Barsalou

chapter 2|28 pages

Toward a Frame-Based Lexicon: The Semantics of RISK and its Neighbors

ByCharles J. Fillmore, Beryl T. Atkins

chapter 3|20 pages

Semantic Fields, Prototypes, and the Lexicon

ByRichard E. Grandy

chapter 4|20 pages

Names and Naming: Why We Need Fields and Frames

ByAdrienne Lehrer

chapter 5|28 pages

Semantic Contagion

ByJames Ross

part II|117 pages

Concepts and Relations

chapter 7|18 pages

What is a Concept?

ByRay Jackendoff

chapter 8|20 pages

Semantic Primitives and Semantic Fields

ByAnna Wierzbicka

chapter 9|24 pages

Semantic Fields and the Individuation of Content

ByEva Feder Kittay

chapter 10|36 pages

The Concept of a Semantic Relation

ByRoger Chaffin

part III|67 pages

Specific Analyses

chapter 12|24 pages

At Least

ByPaul Kay

chapter 14|20 pages

“Something that Rhymes with Rich”

ByKeith Allan

part IV|67 pages

Computational Processes in the Lexicon

chapter 15|20 pages

Lexical Retrieval Processes: Semantic Field Effects

ByMerrill F. Garrett

chapter 16|24 pages

Synonymy from a Computational Point of View

ByYael Ravin

chapter 17|22 pages

Developing Computational Lexical Resources

ByDonald E. Walker