When groups feature in political philosophy, it is usually in one of three contexts: the redressing of past or current injustices suffered by ethnic or cultural minorities; the nature and scope of group rights; and questions around how institutions are supposed to treat a certain specific identity/cultural/ethnic group. What is missing from these debates is a comprehensive analysis of groups as both agents and objects of social policies. While this has been subject to much scrutiny by sociologists and social psychologists, it has received less attention from a normative and philosophical point of view. This volume asks: what problems are posed to political philosophy by a collection of individuals who act or are treated in a collective way? Focusing not only on ways in which institutions should treat groups, but also on the normative implications of considering groups as possible social agents, when acting either in vertical relations with the state or in horizontal relations with other groups (or individuals), this book explores these issues from both theoretical and practical perspectives. Contributors address both the nature of political and social philosophy itself, and the ways in which specific issues – affirmative action, race, religion and places of worship, the rights of states – have become political and social priorities.

chapter |13 pages


ByMagali Bessone, Gideon Calder, Federico Zuolo

part |108 pages

Situating Groups, Evaluating Group Rights

chapter |17 pages

Representing Groups

ByGideon Calder

chapter |18 pages

Toleration, Groups, and Multiculturalism

BySune Lægaard

chapter |21 pages

Collective Rights, Public Goods, and Participatory Goods

ByPeter Jones

chapter |16 pages

States' Rights as Group Rights

An Analytical Perspective
ByAdina Preda

chapter |20 pages

Resolving the Dilemma of Group Membership 1

BySuzy Killmister

chapter |14 pages

Groups and Affirmative Action

ByDaniel Sabbagh

part |96 pages

Groups in Practice

chapter |20 pages

Toleration and Purpose-Built Mosques

Contestations in Contemporary Europe
ByAnna Elisabetta Galeotti

chapter |17 pages

Toleration, Respect, and the Cultural Defense

ByEmanuela Ceva

chapter |20 pages

Political, Not Ethno-Cultural

A Normative Assessment of Roma Identity in Europe
ByMagali Bessone, Sophie Guérard de Latour

chapter |17 pages

The Emergence and Regulation of Minority Religious Groups in Europe

ByGiorgos Kentas, Achilles C. Emilianides

chapter |20 pages

Beyond Groups?

Types of Sharing and Normative Treatment
ByFederico Zuolo