ABSTRACT

As the study of environmental policy and justice becomes increasingly significant in today’s global climate, standard statistical approaches to gathering data have become less helpful at generating new insights and possibilities. None of the conventional frameworks easily allow for the empirical modeling of the interactions of all the actors involved, or for the emergence of outcomes unintended by the actors. The existing frameworks account for the "what," but not for the "why."

Heather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, and Adam Eckerd bring an innovative perspective to environmental justice research. Their approach adjusts the narrower questions often asked in the study of environmental justice, expanding to broader investigations of how and why environmental inequities occur. Using agent-based modeling (ABM), they study the interactions and interdependencies among different agents such as firms, residents, and government institutions. Through simulation, the authors test underlying assumptions in environmental justice and discover ways to modify existing theories to better explain why environmental injustice occurs. Furthermore, they use ABM to generate empirically testable hypotheses, which they employ to check if their simulated findings are supported in the real world using real data.

The pioneering research on environmental justice in this text will have effects on the field of environmental policy as a whole. For social science and policy researchers, this book explores how to employ new and experimental methods of inquiry on challenging social problems, and for the field of environmental justice, the authors demonstrate how ABM helps illuminate the complex social and policy interactions that lead to both environmental justice and injustice.

chapter 1|19 pages

Introduction

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 2|19 pages

Environmental justice, urban sustainability, and agent-based modeling

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 3|25 pages

An agent-based model for environmental justice

The EJ ABM
ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 4|20 pages

Economic rationality, political rationality, or racial targeting

Focusing on firm behavior1
ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 5|16 pages

Residential choice constraints1

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 6|16 pages

Race, class, and environmental disparities

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 7|17 pages

Residential mobility

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 8|17 pages

Local zoning1

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 9|18 pages

Polluted-site remediation1

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd

chapter 10|22 pages

All politics is spatial

Integrating an agent-based model with spatially explicit landscape data
ByHal T. Nelson, Nicholas L. Cain, Zining Yang

chapter 11|12 pages

Conclusions

ByHeather E. Campbell, Yushim Kim, Adam Eckerd