Protected areas (PAs) contain biodiversity and ecosystems of high conservation value. In addition, these areas provide a range of benefits, both direct and indirect, to our societies and economies, i.e. so called ecosystem services. These services include, for example, an ecosystem's ability to regulate floods and climate, purify water, secure the pollination of crops, and create opportunities for recreation, culture and tourism. 

This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the socio-economic benefits of PAs and PA networks and provides step-by-step practical guidance on identifying, assessing and valuing the various ecosystem services and related benefits provided by PAs. It also aims to improve the communication of PA benefits to different stakeholders and the general public. It is shown that identifying and valuing the socio-economic benefits of PAs can be beneficial for several reasons. Demonstrating socio-economic importance of a protected site can significantly increase political and stakeholder support for the site and resolve conflicts between different interest groups. This can lead to positive changes in policies and decision-making. Insights on PA benefits are also needed to identify a combination of actions and land use practices that best support the sustainable and equitable utilisation of these benefits, while retaining a site’s conservation goals. Finally, demonstrating different benefits can help to discover alternative and sustainable sources for financing the management of PAs.

chapter 1|8 pages

Introduction, objectives and approach

ByMarianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink

part |2 pages

PART 1 Contextual guidance

chapter 2|22 pages

Protected areas: their values and benefits

ByNigel Dudley, Sue Stolton, Marianne Kettunen

part |2 pages

PART 2 Practical guidance

chapter 4|21 pages

Scoping assessment of benefits provided by protected areas

ByMarianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink

chapter 5|7 pages

Deciding which benefits to analyse in more detail

ByMarianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink

chapter 6|17 pages

Provisioning services and related goods

ByMarianne Kettunen and Dalia D’Amato

chapter 7|22 pages

Regulating services and related goods

ByTomas Badura, Marianne Kettunen

chapter 8|27 pages

Cultural services and related goods

BySonja Gantioler and Dalia D’Amato

chapter 9|14 pages

Appreciating the value of supporting services

ByDalia D’Amato and Marianne Kettunen

chapter 10|19 pages

Wider socio-economic benefits

BySonja Gantioler and Patrick ten Brink

chapter 11|16 pages

Costs related to protected areas

BySamuela Bassi and Dalia D’Amato

chapter 12|18 pages

Assessing net benefits: site level

ByPatrick ten Brink and Marianne Kettunen

chapter 13|15 pages

Assessing net benefits: multiple sites

ByPatrick ten Brink and Marianne Kettunen

chapter 14|8 pages

Interpreting the results of socio-economic assessments

ByPatrick ten Brink and Marianne Kettunen

chapter 15|24 pages

Using and communicating the results

chapter 16|4 pages

Conclusions and way forward

ByMarianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink