Regions and cities are the natural loci where knowledge is created, and where it can be easily turned into a commercial product. Regions are territories where, under certain socio-economic conditions, a strong sense of belonging and mutual trust develops the ability to transform information and inventions into innovation and productivity increases, through cooperative or market interaction. Especially in contexts characterised by a plurality of agents — such as cities or industrial districts — knowledge is the result of cooperative learning processes, nourished by spatial proximity, network relations, interaction, creativity and recombination capability.

This book explains the logic behind these interactions and cooperative attitudes in regions and cities. One of the most significant channels comes from the presence of a university and its collaboration with firms and scientific research centres. These mutual relations between academic institutions and enterprises are of key importance.

The significance of universities in driving economic well being and regional development has been well documented for some time now. Much of the research, however, has centred upon countries in Western Europe and the United States. Increasingly, and since the expansion of the European Union in 2004 in particular, themes of academic entrepreneurship, university-business links, knowledge and innovation have become important on a Europe-wide scale. This book draws together key thinkers from across the continent to analyze the importance of higher educational institutions in fostering development.

chapter |9 pages


Cities, regions and universities as knowledge and innovation creators

part I|156 pages


chapter 1|30 pages

Science-based activities in European regions

The knowledge-innovation nexus

chapter 2|21 pages

The civic university

Connecting the global and the local

chapter 3|18 pages

The innovation process of European regions

From absorption to knowledge creation capacities of European regions

chapter 4|17 pages

Universities as knowledge nodes in open innovation systems

More than just knowledge providers

chapter 5|22 pages

Regional cooperation or external links?

Spatial proximity in science-business relations in Poland 1

chapter 6|26 pages

What do you offer?'

Interlinkages of universities and high-technology companies in science and technology parks in Berlin and Seville

part II|133 pages

Universities, entrepreneurship and innovation-driven development?

chapter 8|24 pages

The research university, entrepreneurship and regional development

Research propositions and current evidence

chapter 10|19 pages

Bringing university knowledge to market

Experiences in the Netherlands

chapter 11|17 pages

Academic entrepreneurs in post-socialist Central European countries

Evidence from the Hungarian biotechnology sector

chapter 13|21 pages

Entrepreneurial universities, entrepreneurial students

Higher education and creation of innovation in the Spanish area

part III|67 pages

Academic footstep in the city

chapter 15|8 pages

The adaptive university

Responding to new expectations and coping with established tasks

chapter 16|18 pages

Attracting power of the academic city

Measurement in the context of economic growth

chapter 17|20 pages

The innovative potential of Kyiv

Overestimated and underused

chapter 18|19 pages

University and regional development in the Northern European periphery

The case of the University of Tromsø 1