Since the publication of the 2005 Human Security Report, scholars and policy-makers have debated the causes, interpretation and implications of what the report described as a global decline in armed conflict since the end of the Cold War. Focusing on the Asia-Pacific region, this book analyses the causes and patterns of this decline.

In few regions has the apparent decline in conflict been as dramatic as in the Asia-Pacific, with annual recorded battle deaths falling in the range of 50 to 75 percent between 1994 and 2004. Drawing on a wide range of case studies, this book looks at internal conflicts based on the mobilization of ethnic and nationalist grievances, which have been the most costly in human lives over the last decade.

The book identifies structures, norms, practices and techniques that have either fuelled or moderated conflicts. As such, it is an essential read for students and scholars of international relations, peace and conflict studies and Asian studies.

chapter 1|13 pages


Diminishing conflicts: Learning from the Asia–Pacific
ByEdward Aspinall, Robin Jeffrey, Anthony J. Regan

part I|99 pages

Conflicts diminished?

chapter 2|18 pages


International intervention, gender and the dangers of negative peace
BySusan Harris Rimmer

chapter 3|13 pages


Anomie to reconciliation
ByJohn Braithwaite

chapter 4|17 pages


Democratization and the politics of co-option
ByEdward Aspinall

chapter 5|15 pages

Solomon Islands

From uprising to intervention
ByMatthew Allen, Sinclair Dinnen

chapter 6|14 pages


Federalism, elections, suppression
ByRobin Jeffrey

chapter 7|14 pages

Sri Lanka

The end of war and the continuation of struggle1
ByBina D’Costa

part II|69 pages

Conflicts deferred?

chapter 8|17 pages


Conflict deferred?
ByAnthony J. Regan

chapter 9|14 pages

The Chittagong Hill Tracts

Diminishing violence or violent peace?
ByKabita Chakma, Bina D’Costa

chapter 10|14 pages

Eastern Burma

Long wars without exhaustion
ByDesmond Ball, Nicholas Farrelly

chapter 11|16 pages


The politics of conflict reduction
ByJon Fraenkel

part III|95 pages

Conflicts undiminished?

chapter 12|14 pages

Southern Thailand

Marginalization, injustice and the failure to govern
ByTyrell Haberkorn

chapter 13|16 pages

Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Cause or symptom of national insecurity?
ByPaul D’Arcy

chapter 14|15 pages

The Philippines

The ongoing saga of Moro separatism
ByRon J. May

chapter 15|15 pages


Placating frustrated people
ByChristopher Snedden

chapter 16|13 pages

The Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

Conflicts ignored
ByNicole Haley

chapter 17|15 pages


ByEdward Aspinall, Robin Jeffrey, Anthony J. Regan