Republican China attracted an uncommon diversity of foreign interests, groups, and individuals, which included missionaries, adventurers, diplomats, academics, humanitarians and refugees, as well as hedonists and tourists. By exploring the diverse nature of foreign activities in Republican China, this book complicates the dominant narratives of the imperialistic foreigner and Chinese victim, and moves beyond the depiction of foreigners as privileged and the Chinese as simply weak. The spaces and relationships examined in the essays in this volume reveal a complex series of interactions between foreigners and the people of China which go far beyond one-way transmission or exploitation. Indeed, this book examines how diverse and sometimes seemingly peripheral foreign individuals and communities influenced literature, education, trade, sexual morality, warfare, and architecture in China and in the process were themselves profoundly changed, in ways that are as remarkable as those experienced by the Chinese they had come to observe, meet, exploit, conquer, assist, or change.

Bringing together the work of a diverse group of scholars on Republican China, this edited volume adopts a uniquely multi-disciplinary approach to the study of foreigners in China, and utilises the perspectives of historiography, literary studies, cultural studies, sociology, anthropology, and political science. As such, this interesting and innovative book will be of great interest to students and scholars from diverse fields including Chinese and global history, politics and international relations, Chinese studies, literary studies and gender studies.

chapter |22 pages


Foreign bodies
ByAnne-Marie Brady, Douglas Brown

part |105 pages

Heterotopic China

chapter |27 pages

The Italian production of space in Tianjin

Heterotopia and emotional capital
ByMaurizio Marinelli

chapter |20 pages

Lending words

Foreign language education and teachers in Republican Peking
ByEric S. Henry

chapter |21 pages

Redefining institutional identity

The YWCA challenge to extraterritoriality in China, 1925–1930 1
ByKaren Garner

chapter |16 pages

Comintern activists in China

Spies or theorists?
ByAlexander V. Pantsov

part |80 pages


chapter |15 pages

Shanghai three ways

The 1930s view from Tokyo, Paris and Shanghai
ByDoug Slaymaker

chapter |23 pages

Adventurers, aesthetes and tourists

Foreign homosexuals in Republican China 1
ByAnne-Marie Brady

chapter |19 pages

Sissywood vs. Alleyman

Going nose to nose in Shanghai
ByDouglas Brown

chapter |21 pages

Takeda Taijun in Shanghai

Recollections of Republican China and Imperial Japan
ByBarbara Hartley

part |59 pages

With China at war

chapter |23 pages

“What is it makes the stranger?”

Robin Hyde in China
ByMegan Clayton

chapter |17 pages

Italians in Nationalist China (1928–1945)

Some case studies
ByGuido Samarani

chapter |17 pages

Struggling through times of darkness and despair *

Korean Communists from the anti-Japanese resistance to the Chinese Civil War
ByLee Jong-Seok