ABSTRACT

What does it mean to be human? Why do people dehumanize others (and sometimes themselves)? These questions have only recently begun to be investigated in earnest within psychology. This volume presents the latest thinking about these and related questions from research leaders in the field of humanness and dehumanization in social psychology and related disciplines. Contributions provide new insights into the history of dehumanization, its different types, and new theories are proposed for when and why dehumanization occurs. While people’s views about what humanness is, and who has it, have long been known as important in understanding ethnic conflict, contributors demonstrate its relevance in other domains, including medical practice, policing, gender relations, and our relationship with the natural environment. Cultural differences and similarities in beliefs about humanness are explored, along with strategies to overcome dehumanization.

In highlighting emerging ideas and theoretical perspectives, describing current theoretical issues and controversies and ways to resolve them, and in extending research to new areas, this volume will influence research on humanness and dehumanization for many years.

chapter 1|10 pages

Advances in Understanding Humanness and Dehumanization

ByPAUL G. BAIN, JEROEN VAES, AND JACQUES-PHILIPPE LEYENS

part |2 pages

PART 1 Historical and Theoretical Insights Into Dehumanization

chapter 3|15 pages

What Is Dehumanization?

ByNICK HASLAM

chapter 4|19 pages

The Lesser Minds Problem

ByADAM WAYTZ, JULIANA SCHROEDER, NICHOLAS EPLEY

chapter 5|18 pages

Dehumanized Perception: Psychological and Neural Mechanisms Underlying Everyday Dehumanization

ByVICTORIA K. LEE, LASANA T. HARRIS

chapter 6|25 pages

(Over)Valuing “Humanness” as an Aggravator of Intergroup Prejudices and Discrimination

ByGORDON HODSON, CARA C. MACINNIS, KIMBERLY COSTELLO

chapter 7|16 pages

Dehumanization: A Threat and Solution to Terror Management

ByNATHAN A. HEFLICK, JAMIE L. GOLDENBERG

part |2 pages

PART 2 Dehumanization—Specific Targets and Fields of Occurrence

chapter 8|18 pages

Dehumanization, Moral Disengagement, and Public Attitudes to Crime and Punishment

ByMILICA VASILJEVIC AND G. TENDAYI VIKI

chapter 10|19 pages

Humanity Forever in Medical Dehumanization

ByJACQUES-PHILIPPE LEYENS

chapter 11|19 pages

The Inhuman Body: When Sexual Objectification Becomes Dehumanizing

ByJEROEN VAES, STEVE LOUGHNAN, ELISA PUVIA

chapter 12|20 pages

An Interpersonal Perspective on Dehumanization

ByBROCK BASTIAN, JOLANDA JETTEN, NICK HASLAM

part |2 pages

PART 3 Exploring and Extending Ideas About Humanity

chapter 15|18 pages

More Human: Individuation in the 21st Century

ByJILLIAN K. SWENCIONIS, SUSAN T. FISKE

chapter 16|27 pages

On Human-Nature Relationships

ByYOSHIHISA KASHIMA, ELISE MARGETTS

part |2 pages

PART 4 Conclusion

chapter 17|14 pages

Understanding Humanness and Dehumanization: Emerging Themes and Directions

ByJEROEN VAES, PAUL G. BAIN, AND JACQUES-PHILIPPE LEYENS