The book reveals the changing dynamics of the helium industry on both the supply-side and the demand-side. The helium industry has a long-term future and this important gas will have a role to play for many decades to come. Major new users of helium are expected to enter the market, especially in nuclear energy (both fission and fusion). Prices and volumes supplied and expected to rise and this will prompt greater efforts towards the development of new helium sources and helium conservation and recycling.

chapter 1|14 pages


ByRichard H. Clarke, William J. Nuttall, Bartek A. Glowacki

chapter 2|33 pages

A History of the Helium Industry

ByBo Sears

chapter 3|7 pages

The US Federal Helium Reserve

ByJoseph B. Peterson

chapter 4|14 pages

Helium in Algeria

Pioneering Work for the First Large Helium Plant Sourced by Tail Gases from an LNG Facility
ByBenjamin Reinoehl

chapter 5|19 pages


The Global Liquefied Natural Gas Market
ByAndrew Flower

chapter 6|13 pages

Helium in Russia

ByBenjamin Hooker

chapter 7|18 pages


Harnessing Helium from the Earth's Interior
ByNisith K. Das, Rakesh K. Bhandari, Shri C. Mallik

chapter 8|15 pages

Helium from the Air

The Backstop
ByRichard H. Clarke, Roger Clare

chapter 9|23 pages

Helium Demand

Applications, Prices and Substitution
ByZhiming Cai, Richard H. Clarke, William J. Nuttall

chapter 10|17 pages

The Dynamics of the Helium Market

ByNuttall William J., Cai Zhiming, Glowacki Bartek A., Kazantzis Nikolaos, Clarke Richard H.

chapter 11|16 pages

Closed-Cycle Refrigeration

Minimizing Helium Demand in Cryogenic Applications
ByThomas W. Bradshaw, Trevor Miller

chapter 12|13 pages

Medical Imaging

Why Helium Prevails
ByAdrian Thomas

chapter 13|25 pages

Rising to the Challenges of Constrained Helium Supply in Cryogenic Systems for the Research Market

ByJohn W. Burgoyne, Michael N. Cuthbert

chapter 14|7 pages

Helium and Nuclear Fission Energy

ByRichard Stainsby

chapter 15|30 pages

Helium and Fusion Energy

ByRichard H. Clarke, Zhiming Cai

chapter 16|31 pages

Substituting Hydrogen for Helium in Cryogenic Applications

ByBartek A. Glowacki

chapter 17|11 pages

Is there a Helium Problem?

Ways Forward
ByRalph Scurlock, Art Francis

chapter 18|6 pages

The Future of Helium

Policy, Molecules and Machines
ByWilliam J. Nuttall, Richard H. Clarke, Bartek A. Glowacki