ABSTRACT

A human rights-based agenda has received significant attention in writings on general development policy, but less so in forestry. Forests and People presents a comprehensive analysis of the rights-based agenda in forestry, connecting it with existing work on tenure reform, governance rights and cultural rights.  

As the editors note in their introduction, the attention to rights in forestry differs from 'rights-based approaches' in international development and other natural resource fields in three critical ways. First, redistribution is a central demand of activists in forestry but not in other fields. Many forest rights activists call for not only the redirection of forest benefits but also the redistribution of forest tenure to redress historical inequalities. Second, the rights agenda in forestry emerges from numerous grassroots initiatives, setting forest-related human rights apart from approaches that derive legitimacy from transnational human rights norms and are driven by international and national organizations. Third, forest rights activists attend to individual as well as peoples' collective rights whereas approaches in other fields tend to emphasize one or the other set of rights. 

Forests and People is a timely response to the challenges that remain for advocates as new trends and initiatives, such as market-based governance, REDD, and a rush to biofuels, can sometimes seem at odds with the gains from what has been a two decade expansion of forest peoples' rights. It explores the implications of these forces, and generates new insights on forest governance for scholars and provides strategic guidance for activists.

chapter 1|13 pages

Introduction: The Rights-Based Agenda in International Forestry

BySikor Thomas, Stahl Johannes

part Part I|3 pages

Global Perspectives

chapter 2|14 pages

The Global Forest Tenure Transition: Background, Substance, and Prospects

ByWilliam D. Sunderlin

chapter 4|16 pages

Human Rights-Based Approaches to Conservation: Promise, Progress … and Pitfalls?

ByJessica Campese, Grazia Borrini-Feyerabend

part Part II|3 pages

What Claims Find Support?

chapter 5|18 pages

Affirmative Policy on an Uneven Playing Field: Implications for REDD

ByJesse C. Ribot, Anne M. Larson

chapter 6|14 pages

Advancing Human Rights through Community Forestry in Nepal

ByShaunna Barnhart

chapter 7|12 pages

Forest Devolution and Social Differentiation in Vietnam

ByTo Xuan Phuc

part Part III|4 pages

Whose Claims Are Considered to Constitute Rights?

chapter 8|13 pages

The Challenges of Developing a Rights-Based Approach to Conservation in Indonesia

ByMoira Moeliono, Godwin Limberg

part Part IV|4 pages

What Authorities Recognize Forest People's Rights?

chapter 11|14 pages

Who Represents the Collective? Authority and the Recognition of Forest Rights

ByAnne M. Larson, Peter Cronkleton

part Part V|3 pages

What Political Strategies Serve Rights Recognition by the State?

chapter 13|12 pages

Women's Action and Democratic Spaces across Scales in India

ByNeera M. Singh

chapter 14|16 pages

Building Coalitions across Sectors and Scales in Cambodia

ByBlake D. Ratner, Terry Parnell

chapter 15|16 pages

Forest-Based Social Movements in Latin America

ByPeter Cronkleton, Peter Leigh Taylor

part Part VI|12 pages

Epilogue

chapter 16|10 pages

A Way Forward: Forest Rights in Times of REDD+

ByThomas Sikor, Johannes Stahl