The TRIPS Agreement (for trade-related intellectual property rights) provides for the general protection of geographical indications (GIs) of product origin, including for example the special protection of wines and spirits and for the creation of a multilateral register for wines. The African Group of countries has been in the forefront of countries agitating in the World Trade Organization TRIPS Council for the extension of this special protection and of the multilateral register to industries which are of interest to developing countries, primarily agriculture. The so-called "extension question" is the central feature of the Doha Development Agenda at both the WTO and World Intellectual Property Organization. This book provides some empirical evidence and applied legal and economic reasoning to this debate. It provides both a general review of the key issues and a series of case studies from six Anglophone and four Francophone countries in Africa. These focus on major agricultural commodities such as coffee, cotton, cocoa and tea, as well as more specific and local products such as Argan oil and Oku white honey.

chapter |4 pages


part |2 pages

Part I The Policy Context

chapter 1|28 pages

Geographical Indications and TRIPS

ByMichael Blakeney

chapter 3|33 pages

Legal Infrastructure for the Protection of GIs

ByMichael Blakeney

chapter 4|17 pages

Geographical Indications and Economic Development

ByMichael Blakeney, Getachew Mengistie

chapter 5|19 pages

Assessing the Economic Impact of GI Protection

ByThierry Coulet

part |2 pages

Part II Case Studies

chapter 8|25 pages

Ethiopia: Fine Coffee

ByGetachew Mengistie

chapter 10|16 pages

Ghana: Cocoa

ByEdgar Tabaro

chapter 11|22 pages

Kenya: Tea

ByMichael Blakeney, Getachew Mengistie

chapter 12|20 pages

Mauritius: Sugar

ByMichael Blakeney

chapter 13|11 pages

Morocco: Argan Oil

chapter 14|23 pages

Rwanda: Coffee

ByThierry Coulet

chapter 15|11 pages

Uganda: Cotton

ByGetachew Mengistie

chapter 16|14 pages

Senegal: Yett of Joal

ByThierry Coulet

chapter 17|16 pages

South Africa: Rooibos Tea

chapter 18|15 pages

Zanzibar: Cloves

ByM. Blakeney, G. Mengistie