People’s work orientations and attitudes to paid work are highly important for the welfare of any country. Still, little is currently known about how such attitudes are distributed among different countries, men and women, classes, occupations, age groups and so on. Even less is known about how work orientations have changed during the dramatic social transformations of economies and labour markets during recent decades. What happened, for example, to work orientations in Iceland when the country went bankrupt? The answer is quite surprising. Or, is it true that work is losing its position in people’s lives in Western world? What is the relationship between people’s attitudes to work and the way they actually behave on the labour market?

This timely book deals with these questions – and more – presenting fresh knowledge on changes in work orientations in many countries. It is based on genuine theoretical arguments and thorough empirical studies, using both qualitative and quantitative methods. It is a great source of new knowledge on work orientations and changes in attitudes to work.

chapter 1|10 pages

The Relevance of Studying Work Orientations

ByBengt Furåker, Kristina Håkansson, Jan Ch. Karlsson

chapter 2|15 pages

Theoretical and Conceptual Considerations on Work Orientations

ByBengt Furåker

chapter 3|21 pages

Declining Work Centrality in Western Europe

Myth or Reality?
ByFrans Hikspoors, Tómas Bjarnason, Kristina Håkansson

chapter 4|20 pages

Work Orientations in Western Europe and the United States

ByTomas Berglund

chapter 5|19 pages

Work Attitudes, Employment and Work Mobilization

A Comparison Between Anglo-Saxon and Nordic Countries
ByBengt Furåker

chapter 6|17 pages

Work Attitudes in Low-Status Occupations

More than Instrumentalism
ByYlva Ulfsdotter Eriksson

chapter 7|23 pages

Administrative Service Work, Occupational Identity and Work Orientations

Much-discussed Problems and Underrated Strengths
ByAnette Karlsson

chapter 8|13 pages

The Development of Attitudes to Work in Sweden

ByBirgitta Eriksson, Jan Ch. Karlsson, Tuula Bergqvist

chapter 10|19 pages

Work Attitudes in a Crisis

ByTómas Bjarnason

chapter 11|18 pages

Temporary Agency Workers and Organizational Commitment

ByKristina Håkansson, Tommy Isidorsson

chapter 12|17 pages

Work Travel

Stimulating or Stressful?
ByBengt Furåker