This book reviews the state of agricultural climate change mitigation globally, with a focus on identifying the feasibility, opportunities and challenges for achieving mitigation among smallholder farmers. The purpose is ultimately to accelerate efforts towards mitigating land-based climate change. While much attention has been focused on forestry for its reputed cost-effectiveness, the agricultural sector contributes about ten to twelve per cent of emissions and has a large technical and economic potential for reducing greenhouse gases. The book does not dwell on the science of emissions reduction, as this is well covered elsewhere; rather, it focuses on the design and practical implementation of mitigation activities through changing farming systems. 

Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture includes chapters about experiences in developed countries, such as Canada and Australia, where these efforts also have lessons for mitigation options for smallholders in poorer nations, as well as industrialising countries such as Brazil and China. A wide range of agroecological zones and of aspects or types of farming, including livestock, crops, fish farming, fertilizer use and agroforestry, as well as economics and finance, is included. The volume presents a synthesis of current knowledge and research activities on this emerging subject. Together the chapters capture an exciting period in the development of land-based climate change mitigation as attention is increasingly focused on agriculture's role in contributing to climate change.

part I|57 pages


chapter 1|25 pages

Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture

Designing Projects and Policies for Smallholder Farmers
ByEva Wollenberg, Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström, Maryanne Grieg-Gran

chapter 2|11 pages

Agricultural Mitigation Approaches for Smallholders

An overview of Farming Systems and Mitigation Options
ByChristina Seeberg-Elverfeldt, Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström

chapter 3|11 pages

Evaluating Synergies and Trade-Offs Among Food Security , Development, and Climate Change

ByNancy McCarthy, Leslie Lipper, Wendy Mann, Giacomo Branca, Jeronim Capaldo

chapter 4|8 pages

Achieving Mitigation Through Synergies with Adaptation

ByPete Smith, Eva Wollenberg

part II|156 pages

Institutional Arrangements and Incentives

chapter 5|8 pages

Economic Challenges Facing Agricultural Access to Carbon Markets

ByAlessandro De Pinto, Claudia Ringler, Marilia Magalhaes

chapter 6|9 pages

Reducing Costs and Improving Benefits in Smallholder Agriculture Carbon Projects

Implications for Going to Scale
BySeth Shames, Louise E. Buck, Sara J. Scherr

chapter 7|10 pages

How to Make Carbon Finance Work for Smallholders in Africa

Experience from the Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project
ByBo Lager, Ylva Nyberg

chapter 8|14 pages

Designing Agricultural Mitigation for Smallholders in Developing Countries

A Comparative Analysis of Projects in East Africa
ByJean Lee, Jess Newman

chapter 9|11 pages

Using Certification to Support Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Agriculture

ByJeff Hayward, Gianluca Gondolini, Oliver Bach, Mark Moroge

chapter 10|10 pages

Lessons Learned from Redd for Agriculture

ByChristine Negra, Eva Wollenberg

chapter 11|8 pages

Sustainable Land Management and Carbon Finance

The Experience of the BioCarbon Fund
ByEllysar Baroudy, Neeta Hooda

chapter 12|13 pages

Financing Mitigation in Smallholder Agricultural Systems

Issues and Opportunities
ByTanja Havemann

chapter 13|15 pages

Economics of Agricultural Carbon Sequestration in Sub-Saharan Africa

ByTimm Tennigkeit, Fredrich Kahrl, Johannes Wölcke, Ken Newcombe

chapter 14|11 pages

The Potential for Microfinance as a Channel for Carbon Payments

ByFred Werneck

chapter 15|11 pages

Payments for Environmental Services to Mitigate Climate Change

Agriculture and Forestry Compared
BySven Wunder, Jan Börner

chapter 16|12 pages

Avoided Deforestation on Smallholder Farms in the Brazilian Amazon

ByOsvaldo Stella Martins, Paulo Moutinho, Erika de Paula Pedro Pinto, Ricardo Rettmann, Simone Mazer, Maria Lucimar Souza, Ane Alencar, Castro Isabel, Galdino Xavier

chapter 17|10 pages

An Australian Landscape-Based Approach

AFOLU Mitigation for Smallholders
ByPenny van Oosterzee, Noel Preece, Allan Dale

chapter 18|12 pages

Sustaining China's Agriculture in a Changing Climate

A Multidisciplinary Action Through UK—China Cooperation
ByYuelai Lu, David Powlson, David Norse, David Chadwick, Declan Conway, Brian Ford-Lloyd, Nigel Maxted, Pete Smith, Tim Wheeler

part III|70 pages

Ghg Measurement and Accounting

chapter 19|10 pages

Farm-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions Using the Cool Farm Tool

ByJonathan Hillier, Pete Smith, Tobias Bandel, Stephanie Daniels, Daniella Malin, Hal Hamilton, Christof Walter

chapter 20|15 pages

Using Biogeochemical Process Models to Quantify Greenhouse Gas Mitigation from Agricultural Management

ByLydia P. Olander, Stephen Del Grosso, Karen Haugen-Kozyra, R. César Izaurralde, Daniella Malin, Keith Paustian, William Salas

chapter 21|10 pages

An Emissions-Intensity Approach for Crediting Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Agriculture

Reconciling Climate and Food Security Objectives in the Developing World
ByJustin S. Baker, Brian C. Murray

chapter 22|11 pages

Emerging Techniques for Soil Carbon Measurements

ByDebora M.B.P. Milori, Aline Segnini, Wilson T.L. Da Silva, Adolfo Posadas, Victor Mares, Roberto Quiroz, Ladislau Martin Neto

chapter 23|11 pages

Carbon Accounting for Smallholder Agricultural Soil Carbon Projects

ByMatthias Seebauer, Timm Tennigkeit, Neil Bird, Giuliana Zanchi

chapter 24|11 pages

Accounting for Quality in Agricultural Carbon Credits

A Verified Carbon Standard for Agricultural Land Management Projects
ByNaomi Swickard, Alison Nihart

part IV|126 pages

Case Studies

chapter 25|14 pages

Conservation Agriculture as a Means to Mitigate and Adapt to Climate Change

A Case Study from Mexico
ByNele Verhulst, Bram Govaerts, Ken D. Sayre, Kai Sonder, Ricardo Romero-Perezgrovas, Monica Mezzalama, Luc Dendooven

chapter 26|15 pages

Potential of Agricultural Carbon Sequestration in Sub-Saharan Africa

ByTimm Tennigkeit, Fredrich Kahrl, Johannes Wölcke, Ken Newcombe

chapter 27|17 pages

Livestock and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Mitigation Options and Trade-Offs
ByMario Herrero, Philip K. Thornton, Petr Havlík, Mariana Rufino

chapter 28|14 pages

Home on the Range

The Contribution of Rangeland Management to Climate Change Mitigation
ByConstance L. Neely, Jan de Leeuw

chapter 29|13 pages

Integrated Nutrient Management as a Key Contributor to China's Low-Carbon Agriculture

ByDavid Norse, David Powlson, Yuelai Lu

chapter 30|10 pages

Climate Change Mitigation in Agroforestry Systems

Linking Smallholders to Forest Carbon Markets
ByBambi L. Semroc, Götz Schroth, Celia A. Harvey, Yatziri Zepeda, Terry Hills, Saodah Lubis, Candra Wirawan Arief, Olaf Zerbock, Frederick Boltz

chapter 31|12 pages

Livelihood and Environmental Trade-Offs of Climate Mitigation in Smallholder Coffee Agroforestry Systems1

ByV. Ernesto Méndez, Sebastian Castro-Tanzi, Katherine Goodall, Katlyn S. Morris, Christopher M. Bacon, Peter Läderach, William B. Morris, Maria Ursula Georgeoglou-Laxalde

chapter 33|8 pages

Carbon Trade-Offs Along Tropical Forest Margins

Lessons From ASB Partnership Work in Cameroon
ByPeter A. Minang, Meine van Noordwijk, James Gockowski

chapter 34|12 pages

Mitigation Options from Forestry and Agriculture in the Amazon

ByJan Börner, Sven Wunder